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Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques, and Discoveries of the English Nation 272 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 186 0 Browse Search
George Ticknor, Life, letters and journals of George Ticknor (ed. George Hillard) 40 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 36 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 32 0 Browse Search
Raphael Semmes, Memoirs of Service Afloat During the War Between the States 28 0 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 24 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 10 18 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 3, 15th edition. 16 0 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 14 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for Portugal (Portugal) or search for Portugal (Portugal) in all documents.

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s to work up close to a corner in making a rabbet or sinking. Ba-digeon. A cement for stopping holes and covering defects in work. Statuary's: plaster and freestone. Joiner's: sawdust and glue; whiting and glue; putty. Cooper's: tallow and chalk. Stone-mason's: wood-dust and lime slaked together, with stone-powder or sienna for color, and mixed with alum-water to the consistence of paint. Ba′e-tas. (Fabric.) A plain unchecked woolen stuff, manufactured in Spain and Portugal. Baft, Baft′as, Baf′fe-tas. (Fabric.) a. A blue or white cotton goods, used in the African trade. b. A kind of East Indian cotton piece-goods. Bag and spoon. Bag and spoon. (Hydraulic Engineering.) An implement used in dredging for river sand. It is a hoop of iron with a steel lip, and has one edge pierced with holes, for the attachment of a leather bag by lacing. The spoon is suspended by a chain, and has a long handle by which it is guided. Being sunk in
dignitaries of the city. During the sixteenth century carriages were introduced into Spain, Portugal, England, and other countries. The practice gradually became more general, and in 1613 we fi813 and 833 A. D. Charts were introduced into the marine service by Henry, son of John I. of Portugal, about A. D. 1400; brought to England by Bartholomew Colon in 1489. Mercator's chart is a prsheet-iron. They were worn by the Greeks and Romans, and are still common in Italy, Spain, and Portugal. They are known as sabots in France; galochas, tamancos, and zuecos in other parts of the Cont bark of the evergreen oak (Quercus suber). It grows in the South of France, in Tuscany, Spain, Portugal, and Algeria. The tree sheds its abundant bark naturally, but this produce is valueless commer pillows and window lights; in Morocco, drinking-vessels and plates, tubs and houseconduits; in Portugal, roofs for houses, lining for garden-walls, and fences for poultry-yards; in Turkey, cabins for
he carrier-block into the chamber, drops the carrier-block to receive the following cartridge from the magazine, and places the arm in readiness to be fired. The United States has adopted the Springfield. England adopts Snider's improvement on the Enfield. France, the Chassepot. Belgium, the Albini. Holland, the Snider. Turkey, the Remington and Winchester. Austria, the Wanzl. Sweden, the Hagstrom. Russia, the Laidley and Berdan. Switzerland, the Winchester. Portugal, the Westley-Richards. Prussia, the needle-gun. The well-known form shown at C, Plate 14, has been superseded by the Mauser gun. See needle-gun. The breech-loaders purchased by the American government between January 1, 1861, and January 30, 1866, were of number and kind as follows: — Ballard1,500Maynard20,002 Ball1,002Palmer1,001 Burnside,55,567Remington20,000 Cosmopolitan9,342Sharps80,512 Gallagher22,728Smith30,062 Gibbs1,052Spencer94,156 Hall3,520Starr25,603 Joslyn11,26
ckshire, hazel is much used; blackthorn and hawthorn are also common; the latter is more used than any other hedge shrub. The osage-orange (Maclura), honey-locust, and some varieties of thorn, are used in the United States for hedges. Hawthorn is the favorite in England, but does not stand our climate. Ornamental hedges are made in this country of privet, althea, spruce, arbor vitae, rose, and occasionally a pear or other trees and shrubs. In England, the laurel, lauristinus, arbutus, Portugal laurel, bay, and other beautiful evergreens are used, but they do not so well suit this climate. Hedges are planted in single or double rows, the latter from eight to twelve inches apart. The plants about the same, except that in single row they are at a distance of six inches. The maclura or osageorange is the favorite, and has a great tendency to run up. It must be clipped savagely to make it spread below, allowing it an extra three inches of hight at each of the three clippings durin
er cooled with snow was considered a great luxury. Theocritus calls it an ambrosial drink, but Aristotle seems to have doubted its healthfulness. Solomon refers to its use in Prov. XXV. 13: As the cold of snow in the time of harvest, so is a faithful messenger to them that send him; for he refresheth the soul of his master. When Alexander the Great besieged Patra, he caused thirty trenches to be dug and filled with snow, which was covered with oak branches, and kept a long time. In Portugal, snow is collected in a deep gulley, and grass or green sods, covered with sheep-dung, is thrown over it, and under these it is so well preserved that the whole summer through it is sent the distance of sixty Spanish miles to Lisbon ; at least, such was the case in the last century. In Southern Europe and Asia Minor it may be observed that snow is, and always has been, used instead of ice, being more easily attainable from the summits of the mountains, while ice must be either imported o
farther states that Necho commanded the Phoenicians to make their return to Egypt by the pillars of Hercules. Strabo, while discrediting the accounts of circumnavigations previously said to have been accomplished, does not deny the possibility of the circumnavigation, but affirms that from the east to the west there was but little wanting to its completion. Bartholomew Diaz reached and actually doubled the Cape of Good Hope in May, 1487, but, deterred by the storms, put back and reached Portugal in December of the same year, so that it was reserved for Vasco da Gama to first pass beyond the region of storms which surrounds the Cape and enter upon the waters, usually more placid, of the great Indian Ocean. Humboldt says: I have shown elsewhere how a knowledge of the period at which Vespucci was named Piloto Mayor would alone be sufficient to refute the accusation first brought against him in 1533 by the astronomer Schoner of Nuremberg, of having astutely inserted the words
eile9,781 MaltaCanna2.29 MecklenburgMeile8,238 MexicoLegua4,638 MilanMigliio1,093.63 MochaMile2,146 NaplesMiglio2,025 NetherlandsMijle1,093.63 Place.Measure.U. S. Yards. NorwayMile12,182 PersiaParasang6,076 PolandMile (long)8,100 PortugalMitha2,250 PortugalVara3.609 PrussiaMile (post)8,238 RomeKilometre1,093.63 RomeMile2,025 RussiaVerst1,166.7 RussiaSashine2.33 SardiniaMiglio2,435 SaxonyMeile (post)7,432 SiamRoenung4,333 SpainLeague legal4,638 SpainLeague, common6,026.PortugalVara3.609 PrussiaMile (post)8,238 RomeKilometre1,093.63 RomeMile2,025 RussiaVerst1,166.7 RussiaSashine2.33 SardiniaMiglio2,435 SaxonyMeile (post)7,432 SiamRoenung4,333 SpainLeague legal4,638 SpainLeague, common6,026.24 SpainMilla1,522 SwedenMile11,660 SwitzerlandMeile8,548 TurkeyBerri1,828 TuscanyMiglio1,809 VeniceMiglio1,900 O-don′ta-gra. A form of dental forceps. O-don′to-graph. (Gearing.) An instrument for marking or laying off the teeth of gear-wheels; invented by Professor Willis. It consists of a graduated card or thin board, having one edge beveled at an angle of 75°. This is applied to the radii terminating at the centers of the interspaces between the teeth and the centers fro
in lower latitudes. There are six maximum points of rainfall in Europe, estimated in rainy days, not quantity, — Norway, Scotland, S. W. Ireland and England, Portugal, N. E. Spain, Lombardy. In Ireland it rains 208 days in the year. In England it rains 150 days in the year. In Kazan it rains 90 days in the year. InDuring the reigns of Elizabeth of England, and Peter of Russia, laws were enacted to compel certain classes to shave. The people were disgusted. In Spain and Portugal the whiskers became the great objects of attention, and the loss of honor was followed by the loss of whiskers. John de Castro, in the reign of Catharine, Queen of Portugal, pledged one of his whiskers to the merchants of Goa, as security for a loan of 1,000 piasters. The whiskers belonging to the image of Confucius are supposed to be capable of imparting wisdom and manly beauty to any one who may wear them. Unfortunately, decapitation is the reward of any one who removes them from
actus, and affords a valuable scarlet and crimson dye. Common Name.Botanical Name of the Genus or Species of the Plant used or producing the Article.Native Place, or where chiefly grown.Qualities, Uses, etc. Cork-treeQuercus suberSpain and PortugalThe liber, or inner bark, may be used for tanning. CrottelParmelia omphalodesEuropeA lichen growing on rocks and trees. Used to produce a brown color. CudbearLecanora tartarea, etcSweden, etcA lichen growing on rocks at high elevations. Used in Africa, and the native name indicates that it is of the common stock. The genus Nicotiana belongs to the Solanaceoe, which includes the nightshade, potato, and tomato. The name Nicotiana is derived from Jean Nicot, the minister of France in Portugal, 1660, who first made the plant known in France. It has been conjectured that the Asiatic variety is derived from China, which has been regarded as another center of production. The probabilities are against the supposition. It was introd
X. Xe′bec. (Vessel.) A small three-masted vessel with lateen sails, used for coasting voyages in the Mediterranean and on the ocean-coasts of Spain and Portugal. Xy-log′lo-dine. An explosive compound invented by Carl Dittmar of Charlottenburg, Prussia. It is a fluid of milky, reddish, or white color, of a consistency varying from that of ordinary sirup to thick broth, and is intended to be mixed with cellulose or other porous substance to form dualin, though it may be used singly. It is composed of nitric and sulphuric acids, and either glycerine-starch, glycerine-cellulose, glycerine-mannite, glycerinebenzole, or analogous substance. In its preparation commercial sulphuric acid is boiled with pulverized charcoal until it is freed from nitrogen and attains the density of 67° B. 1 1/2 parts of this, or 1 part of the purified acid and 1/2 part of fuming sulphuric acid, are mixed with 1 part of thoroughly purified nitric acid, specific gravity 48° to 50° B., a