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es were secretly enlisting troops and introducing arms and ammunition. Those who had been indulging in dreams of peace were now rudely awakened. On the 1st of September, Anderson removed his headquarters to Louisville, and Nelson was made a brigadier-general and began to organize a force at Maysville to operate in Eastern Kentucky. He was replaced at Camp Dick Robinson by Brigadier-General George H. Thomas, a soldier of ability, vigor, and experience. Thomas was a native of Southampton County, Virginia, a West-Pointer, and a man of mark in the old army. He was the junior major of the Second Cavalry, General Johnston's regiment; and, having decided to adhere to the Federal cause in the civil war, was rapidly promoted to the rank of brigadier-general. His position at Camp Dick Robinson was central and important. The country east of him was friendly to the Union; and that in his rear, Northwestern Kentucky, greatly divided in sentiment, was now nearly surrounded by a cordon of
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 2: birth.-career as officer of Engineers, United States army. (search)
y and tradition seemed to breathe their legends upon a canvas as soft as a dream of peace. At the expiration of the usual leave of absence granted officers who marry, Lieutenant Lee returned to his duties as assistant engineer at Hampton Roads. For four years he labored to make the harbor defensible, and to construct there strong works, little dreaming that it would be his fate to study how to demolish them twenty-seven years afterward. While stationed there the negro insurrection in Southampton took place, and the young lieutenant writes to his mother-in-law about it, telling her that it is at an end, and adding that the troops returned to Fort Monroe last night from Jerusalem, where they did not arrive until the whole affair was concluded. Colonel Worth says that, from all he can learn, he is satisfied the plot was widely extended, and that the negroes, anticipating the time of rising by one week, mistaking the third Sunday for the last in the month, defeated the whole scheme
ortant operations of agriculture or the arts, except the cultivation of cotton, sugar, tobacco, and rice (as at present carried on), is the cheapest and the best. And in truth, it would not perhaps be straining the facts too far, to express an opinion, that the greatest question before the Virginia convention is, the perpetual duration of negro slavery, or the increase of a generous and free white population. Some years later (in 1831-2), on the occurrence of the slave insurrection in Southampton county, known as Nat. Turner's, her people were aroused to a fresh and vivid conception of the perils and evils of Slavery, and her Legislature, for a time, seemed on the point of inaugurating a system of Gradual Emancipation; but the impulse was finally, though with difficulty, overborne. Several who have since cast in their lot with the Slaveholders' Rebellion — among them Jas. C. Faulkner, late Minister to England — at that time spoke earnestly and forcibly for Emancipation, as an imperat
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), The Confederate cruisers and the Alabama : the Confederate destroyers of commerce (search)
y led a marine brigade in the last efforts of the expiring Confederacy. Commander John McIntosh Kell: the right-hand man of captain Semmes As first-lieutenant, ell was Captain Semmes' executive officer on the Alabama. The captain gave him great credit for the fine condition in which the ship went into action and further stated that he rendered him great assistance by his coolness and judgment as the fight proceeded. Kell, like his superior, was rescued by the Deerhound and taken to Southampton, where this photograph was made. On his return to the Confederate States, he was appointed commander and given the ironclad Richmond, in the James River Squadron. The fine features and resolute bearing of these naval officers go far to explain the daring and effective handling of the famous Alabama. With such sailors, an extensive Confederate Navy would have added even more dramatic chapters to history. For a year or more after the outbreak of the war, privateering under letters of
s. He then spent a year in command of the Department of Missouri, during which he drove Price out of the State, and on December 9, 1864, was relieved of active command. After resigning his commission, in 1866, he was United States minister to Mexico, and was in Congress from 1881 to 1885. In 1889, Congress restored him to the rank and pay of brigadier-general. He died at Redondo, California, March 11, 1898. Major-General George Henry Thomas (U. S. M.A. 1840) was born in Southampton County, Virginia, July 31, 1816. He served in the Seminole and Mexican wars, and had risen to the grade of lieutenant-colonel when the Civil War broke out. In August, 1861, he was made brigadier-general of volunteers. His first services in the war were rendered in the Departments of Pennsylvania and of the Shenandoah. His division of the Army of the Ohio defeated the Confederate forces at Mill Springs, Kentucky, January 19, 1862. This victory first brought him into notice, and shortly afterwar
tler met with rapid advancement, and was United States Senator from South Carolina from 1877 to 1889. At the outbreak of the Spanish War he was made a major-general of volunteers, May 28, 1898, and served until honorably discharged, April 15, 1899. He was a member of the commission appointed by President McKinley to arrange for the evacuation of Cuba by the Spaniards. General Butler died at Columbus, S. C., April 14, 1909. Major-General William Mahone was born at Monroe, Southampton County, Virginia, December 1, 1826. Graduating from the Virginia Military Institute in 1847, he followed the profession Confederate generals--no. 17 South Carolina John Bratton led a brigade in Longstreet's Corps. Thomas M. Logan led a Cavalry brigade in Lee's Army. Nathan G. Evans, commander of a District on the Atlantic coast. Martin W. Gary, originally Colonel in Hampton's Legion. James Connor commanded a brigade in Lee's Army. Ellison Capers led a brigade in the
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Editorial paragraphs. (search)
like treatment for Confederate prisoners of war. From Yates Snowden, Esq., Charleston, South Carolina--Official letter-book and reports of Lieutenant-General R. H. Anderson, up to and including the battle of Gettysburg; war map of Eastern Virginia and North Carolina. From W. S. Teague, Columbia, South Carolina--Drawing of the Confederate torpedo boat David. From W. L. Baylor, Petersburg, Virginia--Lot of Confederate States hospital tickets. From Captain J. H. Rochelle, Southampton County, Virginia--Register Confederate States navy; list of officers Confederate States navy. From Captain John S. Wise--Narrative of the secret history of the capture of Harper's Ferry and the Gosport Navy-Yard in April, 1861, prepared by General Henry A. Wise, General J. D. Imboden, and W. H. Parker. From General A. L. Long, Charlottesville, Virginia--Letter explaining previous paper on the Seacoast defences of South Carolina and Georgia. From Captain John K. Mitchell, Richmond, Virgini
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garrison, William Lloyd 1804-1879 (search)
d insurrection go hand-inhand, as cause and effect are allied together. In what age of the world have tyrants reigned with impunity, or the victims of tyranny not resisted unto blood? Besides our grand insurrection against the authority of the mother country, there have been many insurrections, during the last 200 years, in various sections of the land, on the part of the victims of our tyranny, but without the success that attended our own struggle. The last was the memorable one in Southampton, Va., headed by a black patriot, nicknamed, in the contemptuous nomenclature of slavery, Nat Turner. The name does not strike the ear so harmoniously as that of Washington, or Lafayette, or Hancock, or Warren; but the name is nothing. It is not in the power of all the slave-holders upon earth to render odious the memory of that sable chieftain. Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God was our Revolutionary motto. We acted upon that motto—what more did Nat Turner? Says George McDuffie
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Thomas, George Henry 1816-1870 (search)
Thomas, George Henry 1816-1870 Military officer; born in Southampton county, Va., July 31, 1816; graduated at West Point in 1840, and entered the artillery. He served in the Seminole War; was with General Taylor in the war with Mexico; and again fought the Seminoles in Florida in 1849-50. From 1851 to 1854 he was instructor of artillery at West Point, and was made major of cavalry in May, 1855. From 1856 to 1860 he served in Texas, and in a fight with the Indians near Brazos River was wounded. He was promoted colonel of the 5th Cavalry (Col. Robert E. Lee's old regiment) in May, 1861; and, having served awhile in the vicinity of the upper Potomac, was made brigadiergeneral of volunteers in August. From November, 1861, till March, 1862, he commanded a division of the Army of the Ohio, defeating the Confederates in the battle of Mill spring (q. v.) in January. At Corinth, Miss., he commanded the right wing of the Army of the Tennessee, and was second in command of the Army of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
31 First locomotive built in the United States, The best friend, at the West Point foundry shops in New York City; first trip on the South Carolina Railroad......Jan. 15, 1831 Twenty-first Congress adjourns......March 3, 1831 John H. Eaton, Secretary of War, resigns......April 7, 1831 Martin Van Buren, Secretary of State, resigns......April 7, 1831 Ex-President James Monroe dies in New York, aged seventy-three......July 4, 1831 Negro insurrection led by Nat Turner, in Southampton county......August, 1831 President Jackson reforms his cabinet......1831 Anti-Masonic party hold a national convention at Baltimore, Md., and nominate William Wirt, of Virginia, for President, and Amos Ellmaker, of Pennsylvania, for Vice-President; number of delegates, 112......Sept. 26, 1831 Free trade convention held at Philadelphia......Oct. 5, 1831 High tariff convention held at New York......Oct. 26, 1831 Copyright law radically amended, making the term twenty-eight year
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