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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 21: beginning of the War in Southeastern Virginia. (search)
s. It was named in honor of President Monroe. Its walls, faced with heavy blocks of granite, are thirty-five feet in thickness, and casemated below. It is entirely surrounded by a deep moat filled with water; and the peninsula, known as old Point Comfort, on which it is constructed, is connected with the main by a narrow isthmus of sand, and by a Bridge in the direction of the village of Hampton. The picture is a bird's-eye view of the fort and its surroundings in 1861. beginning at the toprevailed in Virginia two hundred and forty years, was thus commenced. The peninsula on which Fortress Monroe stands was the first resting-place of the early emigrants to Virginia, after their long and perilous voyage, and was named by them Point Comfort. There the crew of a Dutch vessel, with negroes from Africa, landed in August, 1620, and a few days afterward sold twenty of their human cargo to the settlers at Jamestown. So negro Slavery was begun on the domain of the United States. That
12 Manassas, Va. 31 Totopotomoy, Va. 1 Fredericksburg, Va. 4 Petersburg, Va. 6 Chancellorsville, Va. 19 Picket Line 1 Present, also, at Chantilly; Wapping Heights; North Anna; Cold Harbor. notes.--Recruited mostly in Middlesex County. The colonelcy was tendered to Powell T. Wyman, a graduate of West Point, who was in Europe when the war broke out, but returned and offered his services to his State. The regiment left Massachusetts August 17, 1861, and proceeded to Old Point Comfort, Va., where it encamped for the winter. In May, 1862, it went to Suffolk, and in June joined McClellan's army, then before Richmond, when it was assigned to Grover's (1st) Brigade, Hooker's (2d) Division, Third Corps. Within a few days after its arrival there, the regiment was ordered to develop the enemy's position in the woods on the Williamsburg Road--June 18, 1862--in which affair the Sixteenth established a reputation for efficiency under fire; its loss in that fight was 17 killed,
and was made brigadier-general of volunteers in November, 1861. He served first under Buell and then as division commander in the Department of the Tennessee (Thirteenth Army Corps). He commanded a division in the Yazoo Expedition, and was the first commander of the reorganized Thirteenth Corps which he led at the capture of Arkansas Post (January, 1863). Ill-health compelled him to resign from the service in June, 1863. In 1868 and 1870, he was a member of Congress. He died at Old Point Comfort, Virginia, July 26, 1893. Major-General John Alexander McClernand was born in Breckinridge County, Kentucky, May 30, 1812. He became a lawyer and served in the Black Hawk War as private. He was a member of Congress when the Civil War broke out and resigned to enter it, being made brigadier-general of volunteers in May, 1861. He first distinguished himself at Belmont, November 7, 1861. After Fort Donelson, he was made major-general of volunteers in the Army of West Tennessee, and
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 3. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 5.38 (search)
grease, and epsom salts are numerous. A number of officers take in washing, calling for clothes every Monday, or as their customers may direct. Five cents per garment is the charge, and the washermen pull off their coats, roll up their sleeves, and work with a vim, using the water from the ditch. April 20th to 23d (Sunday)--A large mail was delivered to-day (23d). I received a letter from my beloved sister, Mrs. M. C. H., dated La Grange, Georgia, February 6th, and postmarked Old Point Comfort, Virginia, March 31st, and Point Lookout, Maryland, April 11th. It had been sent from the latter place to Old Capitol, Washington, D. C., and thence to Fort Delaware. It told me of the reception of one of my letters by brother James, the latest and only one since October 27th, and pained and saddened me by news of my dearest of mothers having had her arm broken in December. She was reported nearly well though. No particulars were given, as all flag of truce letters are limited to one pa
urther considered in subsequent chapters on the measures of emancipation adopted by the United States government. It is to be remembered in this connection that pillage and the wanton destruction of private property are not permitted by the laws of war among civilized nations. When prosecuting the war with Mexico, we respected private property of the enemy; when in 1781 Great Britain, attempting to reduce her revolted American colonies, took possession of the country around and about Point Comfort (Fortress Monroe), the homes quietly occupied by the rebellious people were spared by the armies of the self-asserting ruler of the land. At a later date, war existed between Great Britain and the independent states of the Union, during which Great Britain got possession of various points within the states. At the Treaty of Ghent, 1815, by which peace was restored to the two countries, it was stipulated in the first article that all captured places should be restored without causing an
Pierce, Franklin, Pres. U. S., 227-28. Pierpont, Francis H., 256, 257, 258, 612. Pierrepont, Edwards, 406. Pickett, General, 131, 296, 309, 373, 441, 561. Pillow, General, 24, 25, 26, 27-28, 32, 34, 35,496. Piracy. Term applied to Confederate naval operations, 9-10. English discussion of Lincoln's piracy proclamation, 10. Pitcairn, Major, 514. Pittsburg (gunboat), 25. Pittsburg Landing, 39, 41-42, 58. Battle, 43. Pleasant Hill, Battle of, 457. Poindexter, Doctor. 122. Point Comfort, 7 Polignac, General, 455. Polk, General, Leonidas, 20, 40-41, 43, 44, 46, 47, 55, 192, 324, 359, 360, 361, 460, 466, 468, 496. Extract from report on battle of Shiloh, 51. Death, 469. Pope, Gen. John, 58, 59, 61, 114, 262, 265, 269, 270, 271, 275, 276, 498-99, 618, 630, 631,633, 634. Orders to devastate Virginia, 262-63. Port Hudson. Siege, 351-52, 353. Port Republic, Battle of, 94-96. Gen. Taylor's description, 95-96. Port Royal, S. C., 8. Porter, General, 114, 275, 2
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Calvert, Leonard (search)
land. The two vessels were convoyed beyond danger from Turkish corsairs. Separated by a furious tempest that swept the sea three days, ending with a hurricane which split the sails of the Ark, unshipped her rudder, and left her at the mercy of the waves, the voyagers were in despair, and doubted not the little Dove had gone to the bottom of the ocean. Delightful weather ensued, and at Barbadoes the Dove joined the Ark after a separation of six weeks. Sailing northward, they touched at Point Comfort, at the entrance to the Chesapeake, and then went up to Jamestown, with royal letters borne by Calvert, and received there a kind reception from Governor Harvey. They tarried nine days, and then entered the Potomac River, which delighted them. The colonists sailed up the river to the Heron Islands, and, at a little past the middle of March, landed on one of them, which they named St. Clement's. On the 25th they offered the sacrifice of the mass, set up a huge cross hewn from a tree,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Havre de Grace, attack on. (search)
y between the two cities. On the night of May 2, 1813, Sir George Cockburn, commander of a British squadron, engaged in marauding on the shores of Chesapeake Bay, approached the village, and at dawn on the morning of the 3d the inhabitants were awakened by the sound of arms. Fifteen Village of Haverhill, scene of the massacre. or twenty barges, filled with armed men, were seen approaching, when a few lingering militia opened heavy guns upon them from a battery on an eminence called Point Comfort. These were answered by grape-shot from the British. The drums in the village beat to arms. The affrighted inhabitants, half-dressed, rushed to the streets, the non-combatants flying in terror to places of safety. Very soon hissing Congreve rockets set buildings on fire in the town, and these were followed by more destructive bomb-shells. While panic and fire were raging, the British landed. All but eight or ten of the militia had fled from the village, and only two men (John O'Ne
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Newport, Christopher 1565- (search)
Newport, Christopher 1565- Navigator; born in England about 1565; commanded the first successful expedition for the settlement of Virginia, landing, April 30, 1607, at a place which he named Point Comfort because of his escape from a severe storm. On May 13 he arrived at Jamestown. He had been engaged in an expedition against the Spaniards in the West Indies not long before. He made several voyages to Virginia with emigrants and supplies. Before he returned to England for the last time he joined with Ratcliffe in an attempt to depose Captain Smith from the presidency of the colony. He was defeated, and acknowledged his error. Newport's manuscript work, called Discoveries in America, was published in 1860, by Edward Everett Hale, in Archaeologia Americana.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Smith, John 1579-1632 (search)
s in a sealed box, which was not to be opened until they should land in Virginia. Some of the passengers, believing Wingfield's charge to be true, confined Smith and kept him a prisoner until the voyage was ended. A part of the company landed on Cape Henry, at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay, had a skirmish with the Indians, and that night Smith's escape from slavery. the box was opened, when it was discovered that Smith was one of the council. But he was rejected. After resting at Point Comfort, at the mouth of the James River, they went up that stream, and landed where they built Jamestown, and chose that for the seat of the new empire. Captain Smith, with Newport and twenty men, explored the James River as far as the falls, the site of Richmond, and made the acquaintance of Powhatan, emperor of thirty Indian tribes. They returned and found the government organized by the choice of Wingfield as president, who, to get rid of Smith, proposed that he should return to England wi
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