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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Montcalm, Gozon de St. Veran, Louis Joseph, Marquis de (search)
did not accomplish what he might have done. He prepared, with all the means at his command, for the struggle for the supremacy of French dominion in America, in 1759, in which he lost his life. He had Wolfe and Montcalm's monument. resolved, he said, to find his grave under the ruins of the colony, and such was his fate. The English had spared nothing to make the campaign a decisive one. The final struggle occurred in Quebec, and there, on Sept. 13, 1759, he was mortally wounded, and died the next day. Wolfe, the commander of the English, was mortally wounded at the same time. When Montcalm was told that his death was near, he calmly replied, So much the better; I shall not live to see the surrender of Quebec. A fine monument stands on Cape Diamond, at Quebec, erected to the memory of both Montcalm and Wolfe. The skull of Montcalm, with a military coat-collar of blue velvet embroidered with gold lace, is preserved in the Ursuline convent at Quebec. See Quebec; Wolfe, James.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Quebec. (search)
feigned attack on the St. Louis Gate, and Major Brown menaced Cape Diamond Bastion. At the same time Montgomery descended to the edge of the St. Lawrence with the remainder of the army, and made his way along the narrow shore at the foot of Cape Diamond. The plan was for the troops of Montgomery and Arnold to meet and assail Prescott Gate on the St. Lawrence side, and, carrying it by storm, enter the city. The whole plan had been revealed to Carleton by a Canadian deserter, and the garrison was prepared. A battery was placed at a narrow pass on the St. Charles side, and a blockhouse with masked cannon occupied the narrow way at the foot of Cape Diamond. Montgomery found that pass blocked with ice, and blinding snow was falling fast. He pressed forward, and after passing a deserted barrier approached the blockhouse. All was silent there. Believing the garrison not to be on the alert, Montgomery shouted to the companies of Captains Mott and Cheeseman near him, Men of New York,
for his protection. Measures for resistance had been adopted with hearty earnestness; the fortifications were strengthened; Beauport was garrisoned; and the people were resolute and confiding—even women were ready to labor for the common defence. Men watched impatiently the approach of the fleet. Towards the last of August, it was said that peasants Aug. 25. at Matanes had descried ninety or ninety-six vessels with the English flag. Yet September came, and still from the heights of Cape Diamond no eye caught one sail of the expected enemy. The English squadron, leaving Boston on the thirtieth of July, after loitering near the Bay of Gaspe, Aug. 14-20. at last began to ascend the St. Lawrence, while Sir Hovenden Walker puzzled himself with contriving Hovenden Walker's <*>rna 121. how he should secure his vessels during the winter at Quebec. Fearing the ice in the river, freezing to the bottom, would bilge them, as much as if they were to be squeezed between rocks, he could
e Montmorenci for miles into the interior, nor on the St. Lawrence to Quebec, was left unprotected by the vigilance of the inaccessible Montcalm. The general proceeded to reconnoitre the shore above the town. In concert with Saunders, on the eighteenth of July, he sailed along the well defended bank from Montmorenci to the St. Charles; he passed the deep and spacious harbor, which, at four hundred miles from the sea, can shelter a hundred ships of the line; he neared the high cliff of Cape Diamond, towering like a bastion over the waters, and surmounted by the banner of the Bourbons; he coasted along the craggy wall of rock that extends beyond the citadel; he marked the outline of the precipitous hill that forms the north bank of the river,—and every where he beheld a natural fastness, vigilantly defended, intrenchments, cannon, boats, and floating batteries guarding every access. Had a detachment landed between the city and Cape Rouge, it would have encountered the danger of bein
fences. Chap. LIV.} 1775. Dec. Colonel James Livingston, with less than two hundred Canadians, was to attract attention by appearing before St. John's gate, on the southwest; while a company of Americans under Brown was to feign a movement on Cape Diamond, where the wall faces south by west, and from that high ground, at the proper time, were to fire a rocket, as the signal for beginning the real attacks on the lower town, under Arnold from the west and north, under Montgomery from the south ances, with cutting hail, which the eye could not endure; their constant step wore the frozen snow into little lumps of ice, so that the men were fatigued by their struggles not to fall, and they could not keep their arms dry. The signal from Cape Diamond being given more than half an hour too soon, the general with his aidede-camps, Macpherson and Burr, pushed on with the front, composed of Cheesman's company and Mott's; and more than half an hour before day they arrived at the first barrier,