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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Amidas, Philip, 1550-1618 (search)
38° N. They touched at the Canary Islands, the West Indies, and Florida, and made their way northward along the coast. On July 13, 1584, they entered Ocrakoke Inlet, and landed on Wocoken Island. There Barlow set up a small column with the British arms rudely carved upon it, and took formal possession of the whole region in the name of Queen Elizabeth, as he waved the English banner over it in the presence of the wondering natives. They spent several weeks in exploring Roanoke Island and Pamlico and Albemarle sounds. On Roanoke Island the Englishmen were entertained by the mother of King Wingini, who was absent, and were hospitably received everywhere. After getting what information they could about the neighboring main, and inspired by the beauties of nature around them, the navigators returned to England, attended by Manteo and Wanchese, two Indian chiefs. The former was afterwards created Lord of Roanoke, and was the first and last American peer of England created. The glowi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cockburn, Sir George 1772-1853 (search)
d over to Georgetown, and served it in the same way. Having deprived three villages on the Chesapeake of property worth at least $70,000, Cockburn returned to the fleet. Early in July, 1813, Admiral Cockburn, with a part of his marauding fleet, went southward from Hampton Roads to plunder and destroy. His vessels were the Sceptre, seventy-four guns (flag-ship), Romulus, Fox, and Nemesis. Off Ocracoke Inlet, he despatched (July 12, 1813) about 800 armed men in barges to the waters of Pamlico Sound. There they attacked the Anaconda and Atlas, two American privateers, and captured both. The crew of one escaped, and gave the alarm at Newbern. The British boats proceeded to attack that place, but found it too well prepared to warrant their doing so. They captured Portsmouth, and plundered the country around. They decamped in haste (July 16), carrying with them cattle and other property, and many slaves, to whom they falsely promised their freedom. These, and others obtained the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hatteras, forts at. (search)
on Aug. 20. On the morning of the 28th the war-ships opened their guns on the forts (Hatteras and Clark). and some of the troops were landed. The warships of the expedition were the Minnesota (flag-ship), Pawnee, Harriet Lane, Monticello, Wabash, Cumberland, and Susquehanna. The condition of the surf made the landing difficult, and only about 300 men got on shore. The forts were under the command of the Confederate Maj. W. S. G. Andrews, and a small Confederate naval force, lying in Pamlico Sound, was in charge of Samuel Barron. An assault by both arms of the service began on the 28th, and was kept up until the next day, when the forts were surrendered. Not one of the Nationals was injured; the Confederates lost twelve or fifteen killed and thirty-five wounded. The number of troops surrendered, including officers, was 715, and with these, 1,000 stands of arms, thirty-one pieces of cannon, vessels with cotton and stores, and considerable gunpowder. The victorious expedition ret
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Raleigh, Sir Walter 1552- (search)
oast of Maine the squadron was dispersed, and the vessel in which Gilbert sailed was lost in a storm with all on board. Afterwards Raleigh obtained for himself a patent as lord proprietor of the country extending from Delaware Bay to the mouth of the Santee River, to plant a colony there; and in 1584 he sent two ships thither under the respective commands of Philip Amidas and Arthur Barlow (see Amidas, Philip). They entered Ocracoke Inlet, off the coast of North Carolina, in July; explored Pamlico and Albemarle sounds; discovered Roanoke Island, and, waving over its soil the banner of England, took possession of it in the name of the Queen. On their return to England in the autumn they gave glowing accounts of the country they had discovered, and as a memorial of her unmarried state, it is said, the Queen gave to the domain the name of Virginia. She knighted Raleigh, and gave him lucrative privileges that enriched him. Raleigh now took measures for sending out a colony to sett
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Roanoke Island (search)
Roanoke Island Was discovered by Amidas and Barlow in July, 1584, and taken possession of in the name of Queen Elizabeth. These navigators spent several weeks in explorations of that island and Pamlico and Albemarle sounds, and in trafficking with the natives. The people, wrote the mariners, were most gentle, loving, and faithful, void of all guile and treason, and such as lived after Map of Roanoke Island. the manner of the Golden Age. They were hospitably entertained by the motherthree brigades, commanded respectively by Gens. J. G. Foster, J. L. Reno, and J. G. Parke. The fleet was divided into two columns for action, intrusted respectively to the care of Commanders S. F. Hazard and S. C. Rowan. Its destination was Pamlico Sound, through Hatteras Inlet, and its chief object was the capture of Roanoke Island, which the Confederates had strongly fortified with batteries which commanded the sounds on each side of it. There was also a fortified camp that extended across
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
d 205 miles in breadth north and south. Area, 40,125 square miles in 100 counties. Population in 1890, 1,655,980; 1900, 1,854,154. Capital, Richmond. Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon's supposed entry of the James River......1527 Capt. Philip Amidas and Arthur Barlow leave the Thames in two small vessels fitted out by Sir Walter Raleigh......April 27, 1584 They enter Ocracock Inlet and land on the island of Wocoken in Albemarle Sound......July 13, 1584 After exploring Albemarle and Pamlico sounds and the island of Roanoke, they take two natives, Manteo and Wauchese, to England......September, 1584 [This country lying between 34° and 45° of N. lat., called Virginia, in honor of Queen Elizabeth.] Sir Walter Raleigh despatches seven vessels from Plymouth under Sir Richard Grenville to plant settlements in the territory......April 9, 1585 Grenville lands on the island of Wocoken......July 26, 1585 Leaving 108 men under Ralph Lane as colonists, Grenville returns to England