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ts melody. We were full of hope. We thought that when Sherman got through to the coast he would send his cavalry and release us. The night before, we were sad and cast down because of the vast swamps that lay between us and home. That night we were full of hope and joy because we thought our forces were coming to our relief. The next day we were taken farther down the road, and stopped at another station, the name of which I have forgotten; and the day following, we crossed the Altamaha river and stopped at Blackshear station. This station is just north of the Okopinokee swamp, that covers three or four thousand square miles of the southeastern corner of Georgia. The whole country, after crossing the Altamaha is the poorest and dreariest I ever saw. A series of swamps, ponds and sandy glades in endless monotony. Once in a while we would pass in sight of a habitation, three or four acres partly cleared by deadening the large trees and cutting down the small growth. In
Third Rhode Island battery, Captain Brayton. The gunboat John Adams, Captain Smith, and the transports Sentinel and Harriet A. Weed, constituted the fleet. The expedition ready, the order was given to sail through Dubois Sound, and up the Altamaha River, the largest stream in Georgia, to the village of Darien, which is said to have contained before the war some two thousand inhabitants, most of whom were wedded to the rebel cause. As the John Adams approached the village she poured a consble expedition. All the vessels got under way, and proceeded down the river about sunset. The prominent idea of the expedition was to run off slaves, and also get what rebel stores we could. The plan was this: to sail with all speed up the Altamaha River to Fort Barrington, there disembark, send the boats below to Darien, and then march the regiment thither, sweeping all the slaves on before us. Thus we would sweep a district of some twenty or thirty miles in length. Could we have carried th
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 15.100 (search)
othing at the far end of the dam to prevent its being cut, thereby draining the swamp and the rice-field; in which case the position could easily have been carried. To prevent this a work was begun, under the direction of Colonel B. W. Frobel, in front of the rice-field, but before it was completed the enemy appeared in front. The small militia garrison made a gallant and successful resistance, and saved the dam from being cut. The enemy, after the capture of Fort McAllister, on the Altamaha River, effected a permanent lodgment on Hutchinson's Island, crossed the Savannah River, and established works on the South Carolina shore, almost within range of our only line of retreat. At my suggestion, by collecting boats and using the city wharves for flooring and car-wheels for anchors, Colonel Frobel constructed a pontoon-bridge, about half a mile in length, from Hutchinson's Island over the river, and on December 20th the city was evacuated. The artillery, baggage wagons, and all
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 18.114 (search)
the convention, as well as to make such a disposition of his forces, covering the country northward from Forsyth to Marietta, so as to secure the arrest of Jefferson Davis and party. I directed General Croxton, [then] commanding the First Division, to distribute it along the line of the Ocmulgee, connecting with the Fourth Division and extending southward to this place. Colonel Minty, commanding the Second Division, was directed to extend his troops along the line of the Ocmulgee and Altamaha rivers as far as Jacksonville. General McCook, with about five hundred men of his division, was sent to Tallahassee, Florida, with orders to receive the surrender of the rebels in that State and to watch the country to the north and eastward. In addition to this, troops from the First and Second divisions were directed to watch the Flint River crossings, and small parties were stationed at the principal railroad stations from Atlanta to Eufala, as well as at Columbus and West Point and Talla
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 12: operations on the coasts of the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. (search)
erates were abandoning every post along the Florida coast, and he took measures to occupy them or hold them in durance. Commander Gordon was sent with three gun-boats to Brunswick, the terminus of the Brunswick and Pensacola railway. He took possession of it on the 9th of March. The next day he held the batteries on the islands of St. Simon and Jekyl, and on the 13th he proceeded with the Potomska and Pocahontas through the inland passage from St. Simon's Sound to Darien, on the Altamaha River, in Georgia. This place, like Brunswick, was deserted, and nearly all of the inhabitants on St. Simon's and neighboring islands had fled to the main. In the mean time Dupont sent a small flotilla, under a judicious officer, Lieutenant Thomas Holdup Stevens, consisting of the gun-boats Ottawa, Seneca, Pembina, and Huron, with the transports I. P. Smith and Ellen, to enter the St. John's River, twenty-five miles farther down the coast, and push on to Jacksonville, and even to Pilatka, if possi
e Mohican, in charge of Lieut. Miller, proceeded to open the interior communication between St. Simon's Sound and the Altamaha River. He soon encountered an obstruction, consisting of a double row of heavy piles, with their tops just above water at unch and howitzer of this ship in charge of Lieut. Miller in tow, and proceeded through the inland passage toward the Altamaha River. I had heard that there were one or two rebel steamers at Darien, and I hoped that I might get possession of them. and turned the river, we saw the steamers moving off from the wharf at Darien, with full head of steam, going up the Altamaha River. At sundown I anchored both vessels at Doboy Island, passing, to reach that spot, which is on the Altamaha River, Altamaha River, through Mud River at high-water, with just twelve feet. We remained that day at Doboy, the wind blowing quite a gale from south-west to west. As I had lost all hope of the capture of the steamers, and observing several large fires in the neighborhoo
overed in the offing. After a row of twelve or fifteen miles we spoke the Bark Fernandina, United States navy, Captain West commanding, were courteously received and furnished a boat's crew and cutter, and with an officer of the vessel reported to General Kilpatrick, who immediately forwarded despatches to the flag-ship. Having reported again to my brigade, the regiment moved on the seventeenth December with the expedition which destroyed Morgan Lake and River Swamp Trestle, near the Altamaha River, on the Gulf Railroad. During the campaign, the regiment lost one man killed in action, twelve men wounded, eleven men captured by the enemy, (seven of whom were captured near Shoals of Ogeechee, while foraging for horses,) and nine horses killed. My report would be incomplete, did I not mention Major D. V. Rannells, Surgeon, who, with remarkable assiduity and great skill, made the condition of our sick and wounded more than ordinarily comfortable on a wearisome march. No labor we
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Florida, (search)
ompanied by General Houstoun, of Georgia, penetrated as far as the St. Mary's River, where sickness, loss of draught-horses, and disputes about command checked the expedition and caused it to be abandoned. The refugees in Florida retaliated by an invasion in their turn. In the summer of that year two bodies of armed men, composed of regulars and refugees, made a rapid incursion into Georgia from east Florida—one in boats through the inland navigation, the other overland by way of the Altamaha River. The first party advanced to Sunbury and summoned the fort to surrender. Colonel McIntosh, its commander, replied, Come and take it. The enterprise was abandoned. The other corps pushed on towards Savannah, but was met by about 100 militia, with whom they skirmished. In one of these General Scriven, who commanded the Americans, was mortally wounded. At near Ogeechee Ferry the invaders were An early view of St. Augustine, Florida. repulsed by General Elbert with 200 Continental s
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), To-mo-chi-chi, 1642- (search)
y-one years old, of commanding person and grave demeanor, and though for some reason he had been banished from the Lower Creeks, he had great influence throughout the confederacy as a brave chief and wise sachem. Mary Musgrave, the half-breed wife of a South Carolina trader, acted as interpreter. He pledged his unwavering friendship for the English, and he kept his word. A satisfactory treaty was made, by which the English obtained sovereignty over the domain between the Savannah and Altamaha rivers, and westward as far as the extent of their tide-waters. Oglethorpe distributed presents among the friendly Indians. In the spring of 1734 To-mo-chi-chi went with Oglethorpe to England. He was accompanied by his wife, their adopted son and nephew, and five chiefs. They were cordially received in England, and were objects of great curiosity, for Indians had not been seen in that country since Peter Schuyler was there with Mohawks in Queen Anne's reign. They were taken in coaches,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
d out by Gaspard de Coligni, high admiral of France and leader of Huguenots, anchors off mouth of Satilla, discovers Altamaha River, Ossabaw Sound, and the Savannah River......May, 1562 Second expedition, sent out by Coligni, three ships under Res II. to the lords proprietors of Carolina......March 24, 1663 A three years grant of lands between Savannah and Altamaha rivers obtained from lords proprietors of Carolina by Sir Robert Montgomery, Bart., who issues proposals for settlement of s in Georgia......July 24, 1735 About 100 Highlanders, sent from Scotland by trustees, settle on north side of the Altamaha River, calling it New Inverness......January, 1736 Two ships, convoyed by British sloop Hawk, bringing Oglethorpe, John rnor Wright for the new Mississippi territory of Georgia......Jan. 20, 1764 Four additional parishes laid off between Altamaha and St. Mary's rivers......1765 Sixteen members of Assembly at Savannah consider a circular from Massachusetts Assemb
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