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termaster's stores, and driven off the draught-animals to Salt Lake Valley. This occurred on Green River, near the Sandy, before General Johnston arrived at Laramie. They were greatly elated with t had destroyed the grain and crops round about. Fort Bridger was situated on Black's Fork of Green River, near the foot of the Uintah Mountains, in latitude 41° 20‘, and longitude 110° 30‘, at an al streams that form Henry's, Black's, Smith's, Muddy, and Sandy Fork, and other tributaries of Green River. These small rivers, bordered by sunken valleys, rich, alluvial, and teeming, traverse the Dohnston at their destination in the Salt Lake country, after their detention in the valley of Green River during the last winter, takes occasion to commend them in general orders — as he has already St. George Cooke, commanding the Second Dragoons, from Fort Laramie through the South Pass to Green River; and that of Captain R. B. Marcy, Fifth Infantry, from Camp Scott over the mountains to New
ents, the greater part being left behind unarmed. Colonel Hawes was thrown forward with the Second Kentucky Regiment and Byrne's battery, as an outpost, to the Green River railroad bridge, where these troops staid two weeks, when they were withdrawn to Bowling Green. A train carrying some troops to Horse Cave, to reconnoitre and , Licking, Kentucky, and Green, were in the hands of the Federals, and gave them the great military advantage of easy communication with their base by water-ways. Green and Barren Rivers, locked and dammed, cut the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, so as to render any point in advance of Bowling Green unsafe; while Bowling Green itstrategic importance, was worthless as a base of operations, and I had ordered General Buckner, in the first place, not to advance to that position, because the Green River, flowing directly across the line between Bowling Green and Muldrough's Hill, and being navigable, gave the enemy every desirable facility to cut the line in tw
ith slight loss to his own command. On October 28th Colonel Burbridge, with 300 men, crossed Green River at Woodbury, and Colonel McHenry, with 200, at Morgantown, and engaged some small scouting-paent to prevent the passage of gunboats. But the country in front, between the Cumberland and Green Rivers, was a debatable ground, in which the Federals had recruited more soldiers than the Southern ve the organization of the army, had directed its withdrawal from its advanced positions near Green River; but, upon consideration, he countermanded this order, for the reasons given in the followingyield to other considerations, and be effected by other means. The backward movement from Green River might, and probably would, be interpreted by the enemy into a retreat, and, if it did not enc in Kentucky. He therefore arrests it. He desires you to maintain yourself in observation of Green River, disposing of the forces now with you so as, in your judgment, will best accomplish this, and
emy are rebuilding the railroad-bridge over Green River. At daybreak, on the 4th of December, aptain John H. Morgan, with 105 men, crossed Green River, near Munfordsville, and made a dash on Bacs the railroad-station on the south bank of Green River, and was occupied by Willich's Thirty-seconding there, to observe the section between the Green and Cumberland Rivers. Major Kelly, with os reported at Calhoun, on the north bank of Green River, with a large force, and with designs looki He then made another reconnaissance toward Green River, where he found a heavy Federal force, and,the bridges over Pond River, a tributary of Green River. When General Clark retired from Hopkinsvi River the only good defensible one between Green River and Nashville. Bowling Green, from its topves command over Central Kentucky, south of Green River, and has easy communication by railroad ande recently reconstructed the bridge between Green River and Louisville, and have thrown forward a s[1 more...]
e idea of moving down the Mississippi by steam is, in my opinion, impracticable, or at least premature. It is not the proper line of operations, at least now. A much more feasible plan is to move up the Cumberland and Tennessee, making Nashville the present objective point. This would threaten Columbus, and force the abandonment of Bowling Green. . . . This line of the Cumberland and Tennessee is the great central line of the Western theatre of the war, with the Ohio below the mouth of Green River as the base, and two great navigable rivers extending far into the theatre of operations. These views were eminently judicious; but Halleck, overrating General Johnston's force and means of resistance, adds, But the plan should not be attempted without a large force — not less than 60,000 effective men. Halleck's plan was to move against the Confederate lines with deliberation and in force. But, as this plan was slowly maturing in the brain of the chief, the conflict was precipita