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or about tree months, during which time they were reorganized and disciplined, and at the close of April his army numbered 100,000 effective men. General Lee's army, on the other side of the river, had been divided, a large force, under General Longstreet, having been required to watch the movements of the Nationals under General Peck in the vicinity of Norfolk. Lee had in hand about 60,000 well-drilled troops, lying behind strong intrenchments extending 25 miles along the line of the Rappahannock River. Hooker had made important changes in the organization of the army, and in the various staff departments; and the cavalry, hitherto scattered among the three grand divisions into which the six corps of the army had been consolidated--two corps in each — and without organization as a corps, were now consolidated and soon placed in a state of greater efficiency. To improve them he had sent them out upon raids within the Confederate lines, and for several weeks the region between Bull R
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bacon, Nathaniel, 1642- (search)
despair struck a heavy blow. As they swept from the North through Maryland. John Washington. grandfather of the first President of the United States, opposed them with a force of Virginians, add a fierce border war ensued. Berkeley. who had the monopoly of the fur-trade with the barbarians, treated the latter leniently. Six chiefs. who had come to camp to treat for peace, were treacherously slain by Englishmen. The wrathful savages strewed their pathway, in the country between the Rappahannock and James rivers, with the dead bodies of ten Englishmen for every chief that was treacherously murdered, and blackened its face with fire. The supineness of the governor increased the sense of insecurity among the people, and a deputation headed by Bacon petitioned him for leave to arm and protect themselves. Berkeley, having reason, as he thought. to suspect Bacon of ambitious rather than patriotic motives (for he had been engaged in an insurrection before), refused to grant this pr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brandy Station, skirmish near. (search)
Brandy Station, skirmish near. While Meade, with the Army of the Potomac, was halting on the north side of the Rappahannock River, in the summer of 1863, is cavalry were not idle. On Aug. 1, General Buford, with his troopers, dashed across that river, struck Stuart's cavalry, and pushed them back almost to Culpeper Court-House. So vigorous and sudden was the assault that the daring Confederate leader and his staff came near being captured at a house near Brandy Station, where they were about to dine. They left their dinner untouched and immediately decamped, leaving the viands to be eaten by the Union officers. Buford pursued, and from Auburn (the residence of the stanch Virginia Unionist, John Minor Botts) there was a running fight back towards Brandy Station; for, strongly confronted there by Stuart. Buford became a fugitive in turn. In that engagement he lost 140 men, of whom sixteen were killed.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cockburn, Sir George 1772-1853 (search)
on the Chesapeake coast. At the same time the frigate Constellation, thirty-eight guns, lying at Norfolk, was making ready to attack the British vessels. A part of the British squadron went into Delaware Bay, but the forewarned militia were ready for the marauders, who only attacked the village of Lewiston. On April 3, 1813, a flotilla of a dozen boats filled with armed men from the British fleet, under Lieutenant Polkingthorne, of the St. Domingo, seventy-four guns, entered the Rappahannock River and attacked the Baltimore privateer Dolphin, ten guns, Captain Stafford, and three armed schooners prepared to sail for France. The three smaller vessels were soon taken, but the struggle with the Dolphin was severe. She was boarded, and for fifteen minutes a contest raged fearfully on her deck, when the Dolphin struck her colors. Cockburn now went up the Chesapeake with the brigs Fantome and Mohawk, and the tenders Dolphin, Racer, and Highflyer, and proceeded to destroy Frenchtown
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fredericksburg, battle at. (search)
he Nationals. Quick and energetic movements were now necessary to sever and defeat, in detail, Lee's army. On Nov. 5 McClellan was relieved of command, and General Burnside was put in his place. A sense of responsibility made the latter commander exceedingly cautious. Before he moved he endeavored to get his 120,000 men well in hand. Aquia Creek was made his base of supplies, and he moved the army towards Fredericksburg on Nov. 10. Sumner led the movement down the left bank of the Rappahannock. By the 20th a greater portion of Burnside's forces were opposite Fredericksburg, and their cannon com- Map of battle of Fredericksburg. manded the town. Sumner demanded the surrender of the city (Nov. 21). It was refused. The bridges had been destroyed. A greater portion of the inhabitants now fled, and the town was occupied by Confederate troops. Lee's army, 80,000 strong, was upon and near the Heights of Fredericksburg by the close of November, and had planted strong batteries
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kelly's Ford, (search)
Kelly's Ford, A locality on the Rappahannock River in Virginia, which was the scene of several engagements between the National and Confederate forces during the Civil War. The first, on Aug. 20, 1862, was with the cavalry of the Army of Virginia; the second, on March 17, 1863, in which the 1st and 5th United States, the 3d, 4th, and 16th Pennsylvania, the 1st Rhode Island, the 6th Ohio, and the 4th New York cavalry regiments, and the 6th New York battery were engaged; the third, on Aug. 1-3, 1863, being a part of the engagements at Rappahannock and Brandy stations; and the fourth, Nov. 7, 1863, in which the 1st United States Sharp-shooters, the 40th New York, 1st and 20th Indiana, 3d and 5th Michigan, and the 110th Pennsylvania regiments, supported by the remainder of the 3d Corps of the Army of the Potomac, were engaged. On Jan. 27, 1864, the cavalry division of the Army of the Ohio had an engagement at Fair Gardens, Tenn., otherwise known as French Broad or Kelly's Ford.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pirates. (search)
nsformed into a stout young man, and the twenty mechanics into well-armed Marylanders, who demanded the surrender of the St. Nicholas. Kirwan had no means for resistance, and yielded. The other passengers were landed on the Virginia shore, and the captain and crew kept as prisoners. Then 150 armed accomplices of the pirates went on board the steamer, which was destined for the Confederate navy. She cruised down the Chesapeake, captured three brigs, and, with her prizes, went up the Rappahannock River to Fredericksburg, where the pirates sold their plunder, divided the prize-money, and were entertained at a public dinner by the citizens. There the young Marylander produced much merriment by appearing in the costume of a Frenchwoman. A few days afterwards some of Kenly's Baltimore police were on the steamer Mary Washington, going home from a post on the Chesapeake. On board were Captain Kirwan and his crew; also Thomas and his associates, who had captured the St. Nicholas, evident
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, George (search)
ther was married in March, 1730. George was their first-born of six children. With these she was left a widow when her eldest child was little more than ten years of age. In the latter years of her life she lived in Fredericksburg, in a modest house, on the northwest Washington surveying land in Virginia. Residence of the Washington family. soon after Washington's birth, the family moved to an estate in Stafford county. The plain farm-house in which they lived overlooked the Rappahannock River. There Washington's father died, when the former was about ten years of age, leaving a plantation to each of his sons. corner of Charles and Lewis streets. There she died, and was buried a short distance from Fredericksburg, near a ledge of rocks, to which she often resorted for meditation, and which she had selected as Combined arms of the Washington family. her burial-place years before her death. Over the grave stands an unfinished monument of white marble. See Washingtoniana
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, Mary 1706-1659 (search)
of John Ball, the medieval champion of the rights of man, who was executed at Coventry in the year 1381 for participating in Wat Tyler's rebellion. Col. William Ball, a native of Kent, came from England with his family about the year 1650, and settled in Lancaster county, Va., where he died in 1659, leaving two sons, William and Joseph, and one daughter, Hannah. William left eight sons and one daughter, Mary, who was born in the year 1706. Joseph Ball was a well-to-do planter on the Rappahannock River, a vestryman of Christ Church in Lancaster. He was commissioned colonel by Gov. Alexander Spottswoode, and was known as Colonel Ball, of Lancaster, to distinguish him from another Colonel Ball, his cousin. When Mary Ball was about seventeen years of age she wrote to her brother in England on family matters a letter which is still in existence, the conclusion of which is as follows: We have not had a school-master in our neighborhood until now (Jan. 14, 1728) in nearly four years. W