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, we cannot say. The gentlemen of Medford have always disclaimed any participation in the slave-trade. The following extract from a letter, dated Boston, 14th January, 1759, may show what was done at that time. It is as follows :-- Captain William Ellery. Sir,--The Snow Caesar is fully loaded and equipped for sea. My orders are to you, that you embrace the first favorable opportunity of wind and weather, and proceed to the coast of Africa; touching first, if you think proper, at Senegal, where, if you find encouragement, you may part with such part of your cargo as you can sell to your liking, and then proceed down the coast to such ports or places as you judge best to dispose of your cargo to advantage, so as to purchase a cargo of two hundred slaves, with which you are to proceed to South Carolina, unless a peace should happen, or a good opportunity of coming off with a man-of-war, or some vessel of force, for the West Indies. In that. case, I would recommend the Islan
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lauzun, Armand Louis de Goutant, Duc de 1747- (search)
Lauzun, Armand Louis de Goutant, Duc de 1747- Military officer; born in Paris, April 15, 1747; had led an expedition successfully against Senegal and Gambia in 1779, and came to America with Rochambeau in 1780, in command of a force known as Lauzun's Legion, with which he took part in the siege of Yorktown. Returning to France, he became a deputy of the nobles in the States-General, and in 1792 was general-in-chief of the Army of the Rhine. In 1793 he commanded the Army of the Coasts of Rochelle. He did good service for his employers in the French Armand Louis De Goutant Lauzun. Revolution; but when he persistently requested leave to resign his commission the irritated leaders sent him to the scaffold, where he was beheaded, Dec. 31, 1793.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Submarine cables. (search)
rmany58 2,225 Great Britain and Ireland135 1,989 Greece46 55 Holland24 62 Italy 39 1,061 Norway325 324 Portugal4115 Russia 9231 Spain15 1,744 Sweden14 96 Switzerland2 10 Turkey23 344 Argentine Republic and Brazil49 119 Australia and New Zealand31 345 Bahama Islands1 213 British America1 200 British India (Indo-European Telegraph Department)111 1,919 China2 113 Cochin China and Tonquin2 774 Japan70 1,508 Macao1 2 Nouvelle Caledonie1 1 Netherlands Indies7 891 Senegal, Africa—Dakar to Goree Island1 3 —————— Total1,141 19,883 On Sept. 23, 1901, the Commercial Pacific Company was incorporated in Albany, N. Y., for the purpose of laying a submarine cable from San Francisco to Manila, the line to touch Hawaii and other islands in the Pacific, which have been Types of cables used since 1858. acquired by the United States government. The entire length of the cable will be about 8,500 miles, the first part, from San Francisco to Hawaii, about 2
which are made up of logs and sawed lumber attached together in order to be floated to a shipping port or to market, rafts are usually a device made and used in an exigency; such are those made in the emergency of shipwreck, among the most notable instances of which is the loss of the French frigate Medusa. This melancholy event occurred in the year 1816. The Medusa, having on board, in addition to her crew, a detachment of soldiers designed to garrison the fort at St. Louis River, Senegal, Africa, which had been given up by the English under the treaty of the preceding year, struck unexpectedly on the Arguin bank a dangerous shoal, lying some twelve or fifteen leagues from the African coast, in latitude 20° north; a large raft was hastily constructed by lashing together such spars and other materials as were at hand, and on this the majority of the persons on board were embarked, the boats of the ship sufficing for only a comparatively small number. When all were on the raft it
Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, Louis Agassiz: his life and correspondence, third edition, Chapter 16: 1850-1852: Aet. 43-45. (search)
ced, for instance, between the Eskimos, along the whole northern districts of this continent, and the Indians of the United States, those of Mexico, those of Peru, and those of Brazil? Is there any real connection between the coast tribes of the northwest coast, the mound builders, the Aztec civilization, the Inca, and the Gueranis? It seems to me no more than between the Assyrian and Egyptian civilization. And as to negroes, there is, perhaps, a still greater difference between those of Senegal, of Guinea, and the Caffres and Hottentots, when compared with the Gallahs and Mandingoes. But where is the time to be taken for the necessary investigations involved in these inquiries? Pray write to me soon what you say to all this, and believe me always your true friend, L. Agassiz. In the spring of 1852, while still in Charleston, Agassiz heard that the Prix Cuvier, now given for the first time, was awarded to him for the Poissons Fossiles. This gratified him the more because t
Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, Louis Agassiz: his life and correspondence, third edition, Chapter 20: 1863-1864: Aet. 56-57. (search)
ensual, imitative, subservient, good-natured, versatile, unsteady in their purpose, devoted and affectionate. From this picture I exclude the character of the half-breeds, who have, more or less, the character of their white parents. Originally found in Africa, the negroes seem at all times to have presented the same characteristics wherever they have been brought into contact with the white race; as in Upper Egypt, along the borders of the Carthaginian and Roman settlements in Africa, in Senegal in juxtaposition with the French, in Congo in juxtaposition with the Portuguese, about the Cape and on the eastern coast of Africa in juxtaposition with the Dutch and the English. While Egypt and Carthage grew into powerful empires and attained a high degree of civilization; while in Babylon, Syria, and Greece were developed the highest culture of antiquity, the negro race groped in barbarism and never originated a regular organization among themselves. This is important to keep in mind, a
Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, Louis Agassiz: his life and correspondence, third edition, Chapter 22: 1868-1871: Aet. 61-64. (search)
s would justify, and then move on to some other head-land. If this plan be adopted, it would be desirable to have one additional observer to make collections on shore, to connect with the result of the dredgings. This would be the more important as, with the exception of Brazil, hardly anything is known of the shore faunae upon the greater part of the South American coast. For shore observations, I should like a man of the calibre of Dr. Steindachner, who has spent a year on the coast of Senegal, and would thus bring a knowledge of the opposite side of the Atlantic as a starting basis of comparison. . . . After consultation with his physicians, it was decided that Agassiz might safely undertake the voyage in the Hassler, that it might indeed be of benefit to his health. His party of naturalists, as finally made up, consisted of Agassiz himself, Count de Pourtales, Dr. Franz Steindachner, and Mr. Blake, a young student from the Museum, who accompanied Agassiz as assistant and d
n of his early promotion, to justify the notice taken of me by such exertions and exposure of myself as will probably lead to my fall. And the day before departing for his command, in the inspiring presence of Pitt, he forgot danger, glory, every thing but the overmastering purpose to devote himself for his country. All the while, ships from every part of the world were bringing messages of the success of British arms. In the preceding April, a small English squadron made a conquest of Senegal; in December, negroes crowded on the heights of the island of Goree to gaze on the strange spectacle of war, and to witness the surrender of its forts to Commodore Augustus Keppel. In the Indian seas, Pococke maintained the superiority of England. In the West Indies, in January, 1759, a fleet of ten line-of-battle ships, with six thousand effective troops, made a fruitless attack on Martinico; but, sailing for Guadaloupe, the best of the West India possessions of France, after the losses
ns, had been cherished in America as the friend of its liberties, and who now in his old age pleaded for the termination of a truly national war by a solid and reasonable peace. Our North American conquests, said he to Pitt and Newcastle, and to the world, cannot be retaken. Give up none of them; or you lay the foundation of another war. Unless we would choose to be obliged to keep great bodies of troops in America, in full peace, we can never leave the French any footing in Canada. Not Senegal and Goree, nor even Guadaloupe, ought to be insisted upon as a condition of peace, provided Canada be left to us. Such seemed the infinite consequence of North America, which, by its increasing inhabitants, would consume British manufactures; by its trade, employ innumerable British ships; by its provisions, support the sugar islands; by its products, fit out the whole navy of England. Peace, too, was to be desired in behalf of England's ally, the only Protestant sovereign in Germany w
in the possession of what it had conquered from the other; and while he named epochs from which possession was to date in every continent, he was willing that England itself should suggest other periods. On this footing, which left all Canada, Senegal, perhaps Goree also, and the ascendency in the East Indies to England, and to France nothing but Minorca to exchange for her losses in the West Indies, all Paris believed peace to be certain. George the Third wished it from his heart; and thoug, bearing the ultimatum of England, demanded Canada; the fisheries, with a limited and valueless concession to the French, and that only on the humiliating condition of reducing Dunkirk; half the neutral islands, especially St. Lucia and Tobago; Senegal and Goree, that is, a monopoly of the slave-trade; Minorca; freedom to assist the king of-Prussia; and British ascendency in the East Indies. The ministers of Spain and Austria could not conceal their exultation. Aug. My honor, replied Choiseu
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