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Tiberinus of the Tiber 6. 873, after Enn. A. 1. fr. 55, Teque, pater Tiberine, tuo cum flumine sancto. Here and in 8. 31, where the words recur, fluvio amoeno seems to be abl. of circumstance, or, which is the same thing, a descriptive abl.
Multa flavus arena is a specific description of the Tiber, which is constantly called flavus, Hor. 1 Od. 2. 13., 8. 8., 2. 3. 18. Comp. 9. 816. Gossrau remarks that Ov. F. 6. 502 mentions the vertices at the mouth of the Tiber. Verticibus rapidis may be either modal abl. or constructed with flavus. In any case the line seems to qualify prorumpit. Multa flavus arena is a specific description of the Tiber, which is constantly called flavus, Hor. 1 Od. 2. 13., 8. 8., 2. 3. 18. Comp. 9. 816. Gossrau remarks that Ov. F. 6. 502 mentions the vertices at the mouth of the Tiber. Verticibus rapidis may be either modal abl. or constructed with flavus. In any case the line seems to qualify prorumpit.
The nymphs and rivers are closely connected, as in 8. 71 foll., where the language about the Tiber will illustrate adhuc ignota flumina.
Ardea above v. 411. Crustumeri would seem to be the inhabitants of Crustumerium, the people being mentioned instead of the town on metrical grounds: they are however generally called Crustumini, and the place is sometimes called Crustumium, which would have suited the metre. For the questions about its origin see Dict. G. It was said to have been conquered by Romulus along with Antemnae and Caenina, all of which took up arms to avenge the rape of their women at the Consualia (Livy. 1. 9. foll.). There are similar questions about the origin of Antemnae (Dict. G.). Sil. 8. 365 calls it prisco Crustumio prior. It was so called from its position ante amnem, below the confluence of the Anio and Tiber.
Nursia, called frigida from its situation in the midst of mountains, is mentioned several times both in early and later history. Shortly before the time of the composition of the Aeneid its inhabitants were punished by Octavianus for their conduct during the Perusian war (Dict. G.). There is a difficulty about Hortinae classes, as the town of Horta stood on the Etruscan side of the Tiber, and the adj. would naturally be Hortanus (Dict. G. Horta). Possibly there may be some confusion with the Fortineii, who are enumerated by Dionys. 5. 61 among the cities of the Latin league, and are identified by some with the Hortenses, perhaps the people of Ortona, mentioned in Pliny's list (3. 5 &c.), of the extinct communities of Latium. Comp. foedus, hoedus, fordus, hordus &c. This would agree with the mention of the populi Latini here, and would not be inconsistent with the occurrence of Allia in the next line. Populi Latini seems used very loosely, as we can hardly suppose that Virg. means to
Wagn. thinks this and the five following lines specify not new tribes, but the localities inhabited by those already mentioned. This is possible: but Virg. elsewhere in this catalogue mixes up the two modes of designation (e. g. vv. 710 foll.), so that it would hardly be safe to assume that he intends any distinction here. For the words about the Tiber comp. v. 29 above, 8. 92 foll.: for Numicus vv. 150, 242 above.
Meantime Aeneas, distracted with care, lies down to sleep, when the god of the Tiber appears to him.
Iamque may either indicate a transition (see Wagn. Q. V. 24. 9) or may have its ordinary sense of just now or already, implying that what is prophesied will take place immediately. The incompleteness of v. 41 makes the precise sense here uncertain. The omen here promised by the Tiber as a confirmation of the vision had been promised already by Helenus 3. 388 foll., though with a different object: see on v. 46. Here the white sow is Alba; the thirty young ones are the thirty years that were to elapse between the building of Lavinium and Alba (v. 47); an explanation of the legend as old as Varro, R. R. 2. 4, L. L. 5. § 144. For the various forms of the legend see Lewis vol. 1. pp. 334, 354, 5. The symbolizing of the thirty years by the thirty pigs is like the symbolizing of the nine years of unsuccessful siege by the sparrow and her eight young ones in Il. 2. 326 foll. For ne Rom. has nec. The lines 43—45 are repeated from 3. 390— 392, where see no