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Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 6: manoeuvring on the Peninsula. (search)
nse army, when Magruder fell back to the line of Warwick River, extending from Yorktown on York River across Ja before the fortifications at Yorktown and along Warwick River and began a siege by regular approaches. Whee line, which, however, had not been completed. Warwick River runs diagonally across the Peninsula from the vih later we defended with earthworks. Between Warwick River and Yorktown were two redoubts, called respectiv, with wings or lateral breastworks extending to Warwick River on the one side, and the head of a deep ravine b of Yorktown and the head of the obstructions on Warwick River. On my arrival I was ordered to move my own briincluding Dam No. 1, the swamps on both sides of Warwick River were thickly wooded, and it would have been impolittle exposure as possible. Our side of the Warwick River, between the exposed points, was occupied by thirmed his subordinate commanders that the line of Warwick River and Yorktown was to be abandoned, according to a
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Index. (search)
. A., 135, 136, 143, 149, 155, 158-59, 170-177, 179, 236, 240, 331-334, 352-53 Walker's Brigade, 356, 363 Walker's Division, 152 Wallace, General Lew (U. S. A.), 387-88, 392-93 Ward, Colonel, 60, 61, 62, 69, 73 Warren County, 366-367 Warren, General (U. S. A.), 304, 305, 347 Warrenton, 31, 109-10, 165, 285, 304, 307, 479 Warrenton Junction, 114, 115, 116, 307 Warrenton Pike, 5. 25, 26, 31-32-33, 37, 114-15, 119, 120-22-23 Warrenton Springs, 106-110 Warwick Court-House, 61 Warwick River, 58, 59, 60, 61, 65 Washington Artillery, 5, 6, 7. 8, 204 Washington College, 380 Washington, D. C., 2, 34, 40-46, 48, 51, 54, 75, 89, 104, 105, 131, 135, 157, 160-61, 253, 263, 344, 358, 360, 371, 383, 385, 386, 389, 390- 394, 398, 401, 416-17, 455, 475 Waterloo Bridge, 108, 109, 110, 114 Watkins, Colonel, 114 Watson, 198 Waynesboro, Pa., 254, 281, 370-71- 372, 381, 434-35, 460, 468 Waynesboro, Va., 366, 369, 464-66, 474 Weiglestown, 259, 263 Weisiger, General D.
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 7: Atlantic coast defenses.-assigned to duty in Richmond as commander in chief under the direction of the Southern President. (search)
e service of the United States. Prince John, as he was called, occupied a strong position from river to river. The embarkation of McClellan's troops began on March 17th, and he left in person on April 1st, reaching Fortress Monroe on the afternoon of the 2d. When he arrived fifty-eight thousand men and one hundred guns had preceded him. Magruder was a short distance in his front with eleven thousand men. His left was at Yorktown, on York River, and his line of battle extended along the Warwick River to Mulberry Island, on the James, where his right rested. Gloucester Point, opposite Yorktown, projects well out into the river. Fortifications had been constructed there, and it was expected that the guns at that point as well as those at Yorktown by crossfire could prevent the passage of the Federals up York River in any attempt to reach the Confederate rear. It will be remembered that when the British held Yorktown over a century ago they also fortified and held Gloucester Point
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 5: Round about Richmond. (search)
said no more. My intention was to suggest that we leave Magruder to look after McClellan, and march, as proposed to Jackson a few days before, through the Valley of Virginia, cross the Potomac, threaten Washington, and call McClellan to his own capital. At the time of McClellan's landing on the peninsula, the Confederate army on that line was commanded by Major-General J. Bankhead Magruder, and consisted of eleven thousand men of all arms. The defensive line was pitched behind the Warwick River, a sluggish stream that rises about a mile south of Yorktown, and flows south to its confluence with James River. The Warwick was dammed at different points, thus flooding the intervening low lands as far as Lee's Mills, where the river spreads into marsh lands. The dams were defended by batteries and rifle-trenches. The left rested at Yorktown, which was fortified by continuous earthworks, strong water and land batteries, and rifle-trenches reaching to the right, connecting with tho
sitation to move upon an intrenched enemy is but the story of Manassas repeated. General McClellan's expectations in coming to the Peninsula, first, that he would find few or no rebel intrenchments, and, second, that he would be able to make rapid movements, at once signally failed. On the afternoon of the second day's march he came to the first line of the enemy's defenses, heavy fortifications at Yorktown on the York River, and a strong line of intrenchments and dams flooding the Warwick River, extending to an impassable inlet from James River. But the situation was not yet desperate. Magruder, the Confederate commander, had only eleven thousand men to defend Yorktown and thethirteen-mile line of the Warwick. McClellan, on the contrary, had fifty thousand at hand, and as many more within call, with which to break the Confederate line and continue his proposed rapid movements. But now, without any adequate reconnaissance or other vigorous effort, he at once gave up his thou
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert, Chapter 7: the Peninsula Campaign. (search)
osition that- A pretty girl who gets a kiss and runs and tells her mother, Does what she should not do and don't deserve another. These revelling, rollicking songs came later to be prime favorites with sundry brigadier, major and even lieutenantgenerals in the Army of Northern Virginia, and they cheered, too, many a comfortless camp and relieved many a weary march of the old battery. In due time we made our landing and found our place in the peninsular lines of Yorktown and Warwick River, which were admirably adapted to the purpose for which General Magruder designed and located them; namely, to enable a small body of troops to hold the position-but for occupation by a large army they were simply execrable. There was scarcely solid ground enough accessible to afford standing, sleeping, or living room foi the men. Our boys had their first taste of actual war in these abominable lines. Soon after our arrival the enemy attempted a crossing in force. Our guns being c
ohnston, Yorktown, Va. Accepting your conclusion that you must soon retire, arrangements are commenced for the abandonment of the Navy Yard and removal of public property both from Norfolk and the Peninsula. Your announcement to-day that you would withdraw to-morrow night, takes us by surprise, and must involve enormous losses, including unfinished gunboats. Will the safety of your army allow more time? Jefferson Davis. General Johnston withdrew his army from the line of the Warwick River on the night of April 3d. Heavy cannonading both on the night of the 2d and 3d, concealed his intention, and the evacuation was made so successfully that the enemy was surprised the next morning to find the lines unoccupied. The loss of public property was, as anticipated by Mr. Davis, very great. General Johnston, after an engagement at Williamsburg, in which the Fifth North Carolina was annihilated, and the Twenty-Fourth Virginia suffered terribly in officers and men, and Gene
ir position, and captured their camp.--(Doc. 4.) At Liverpool, England, Captain William Wilson, of the ship Emily St. Pierre, was presented by the merchants and mercantile marine officers of that place, with a testimonial for his gallantry on the twenty-first of March, in recapturing his ship, which was seized by the United States gunboat James Adger, three days previous, off Charleston, S. C.--London Times, May 4. The rebels evacuated Yorktown and all their defences there and on the line of the Warwick River, at night. They left all their heavy guns, large quantities of ammunition, camp equipage, etc., and retreated by the Williamsburgh road.--(Doc. 5.) The United States gunboat Santiago de Cuba brought into the port of New York, as a prize, the rebel steamer Ella Warley, captured on her way from Nassau, N. P., to Charleston S. C., laden with arms. Jeff Davis proclaimed martial law over the Counties of Lee, Wise, Buchanan, McDowell, and Wyoming, Va.--(Doc. 94.)
May 12. General McClellan, in camp at Roper's Church, Virginia, sent the following despatch to the War Department: Commander Rodgers writes me to-day that he went with the gunboats yesterday past Little Brandon. Every thing quiet and no signs of troops crossing the river. He found two batteries, of ten or twelve guns each, on the south side of James River; one opposite the mouth of the Warwick, the other about south-west from Mulberry Point. The upper battery, on Hardin's, or Mother Pine's Bluff, has heavy rifled pieces. Between the batteries lay the Jamestown and Yorktown. Commander Rodgers offered battle, but the gunboats moved off. He silenced one battery and ran past the other. Harvey Brown was confirmed as Brevet Brigadier-General in the United States army. President Lincoln issued a proclamation declaring that the blockade of the ports of Beaufort, Port Royal, and New Orleans shall so far cease and determine, from and after the first of June next,
June 5. Contrabands in the vicinity of Suffolk, Va., having signified their intention of serving the United States as armed soldiers, orders were issued by Major-General Peck to Captain John Wilder, to recruit a company of colored troops, subject to no molestation in removing those so recruited to the place of rendezvous, at Craney Island. --A squadron of the Sixth New York Cavalry, commanded by Major William P. Hall, on an expedition from Yorktown, Va., to Warwick River, succeeded in destroying twenty-three boats and one schooner belonging to the rebels.--Brigadier-General Alexander P. Stewart, of the rebel army, having been promoted to the rank of Major-General, took leave of his brigade, and assumed command in the corps of General Hardee, at Wartrace, Tenn.--Chattanooga Rebel, June 7. The steamer Isaac Smith, which was captured by the rebels on the first of February last, was sunk while trying to run the blockade of Charleston, S. C., by the national gunboat Wissahickon
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