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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Operations in east Tennessee and south-west Virginia. (search)
. by the Rev. Edward O. Guerrant, Assistant Adjutant-General to General Humphrey Marshall, C. S. A. Between the two great Confederate armies in Virginia and Tennessee lay a long stretch of country, principally covered by the Alleghany and Cumberland mountains. The only means of direct communication and transportation between these armies was the East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia Railroad. Near this road were the great King's salt-works, in Smyth County, and the lead mines of Wythe County, Virginia, and along this route lay many very fertile valleys and rich uplands, which furnished the Confederate armies a large part of their provisions. For these and other reasons the defense of this line was a matter of the first importance to the Confederate Government, and its control of equal importance to the Federal armies. As the mountainous nature of the country rendered its occupation by a large army impracticable, numerous invasions by smaller forces, principally of cavalry, wer
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 11: advance of the Army of the Potomac on Richmond. (search)
ed General Sigel, and General Hunter took command of his troops, with instructions to push swiftly on to Staunton, destroy the railway between that place and Charlottesville, and then, if possible, move on Lynchburg. Meanwhile, General Crook, whose cavalry was led by General Averill, had moved May 1. up the Kanawha Valley from Charleston, for the purpose of operating against the Virginia and Tennessee railway, between Dublin Station, in Pulaski County, and Wytheville, on New River, in Wythe County, in Southwestern Virginia. Unfortunately, Crook divided and weakened his command by sending Averill, with his two thousand horsemen, to destroy the lead mines near Wytheville, while he advanced with his six thousand infantry toward Dublin Station, farther east. Averill's descent upon Wytheville and its vicinity was no more fruitful of benefit than was his raid to Salem the previous year, See page 118. for he was there met by Morgan and his men, May 10, 1864. sent from Saltville by G
resident of the Confederate States and the Executive of the State of Virginia, I do hereby order the whole body of the militia of Virginia, resident within the counties of Lee, Scott, Wise, Grayson, Carroll, Buchanan, Russell, Washington, Smythe, Wythe and Tazewell to rendezvous immediately, fully armed and equipped, at the respective places herein designated; that is to say, the militia of Washington, Russell, Grayson, and Scott, at the Old Court, in Russell County; the militia in Lee and Wise at Guest's Station in Wise County; the militia of Buchanan, at Grundy; the militia of Smythe and Carroll, at Saltville; the militia of Wythe, at Wytheville, and the militia of Tazewell, at the mouth of Indian Creek, in Tazewell County. Colonels in command of regiments will move them by companies as rapidly as possible to the places of rendezvous hereby appointed. At such places a board of surgeons will examine and certify to the cases of persons exempt for disease, and the rest will there be
ty will be calculated I If the Department looks to me to guard the passages to the lead mines of Wythe and the salt-works in Smith, the roads leading in from the Sandy, I respectfully submit to the Slitia from the counties embraced in your operations. To guard the passages to the lead mines of Wythe and the salt-works in Smyth was one of the special objects for which your command was establishe My agents did not succeed very well. The colonel only succeeded in obtaining 45 volunteers in Wythe, but he will succeed by my assistance in having the Twenty-ninth Virginia entirely filled. I the brigadier commanding that John P. Walter, Mitchel Walter, and James Walter, of the county of Wythe, have volunteered in Company E, Fifty-first Regiment Virginia Volunteers, and that John Puckett, of the county of Wythe, has volunteered in Company H, of same regiment, the brigadier-general directs that the names of said persons shall be stricken from the rolls of said companies, and that the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brownlow, William Gannaway, 1805- (search)
Brownlow, William Gannaway, 1805- Clergyman and journalist; born in Wythe county, Va., Aug. 29, 1805; was left an orphan at eleven years of age, and, by means of wages as a carpenter in his youth, acquired a fair English education. At the age of twenty-four years he entered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and was an itinerant for ten years. While on his circuit in South Carolina he opposed the nullification movement in that State (see nullification), which excited strong opposition to him. About 1837 he began the publication of the Knoxville Whig, a political newspaper, which soon circulated widely, and, for its vigorous polemics, obtained for Brownlow the name of the Fighting Parson. In 1858 he engaged in a public debate in Philadelphia on the question, Ought American slavery to be perpetuated? in which he took the affirmative. When the secession movement began, he boldly opposed it, taking the ground that the preservation of the Union would furnish the best
clockactu-ated pencil records time. A third feature: a steam-gage has a pencil attached to record the steam-pressure upon the chart, so that its variations are apparent for all the time occupied in the journey. Richardson's speed-recorder. Wythe's speed-recorder. Wythe's speed-recorder for railway-trains, July 28, 1874. The chart is ruled with cross-lines, for distance and time respectively. It is moved by gear from the car-axle. The pencil is moved by clock-work. The result, wWythe's speed-recorder for railway-trains, July 28, 1874. The chart is ruled with cross-lines, for distance and time respectively. It is moved by gear from the car-axle. The pencil is moved by clock-work. The result, when the car is moving, is a diagonal line, whose angle will depend upon the speed; the pencil always moves in its own proper direction at the same speed, and the paper slips beneath it at a rate corresponding to that of the car. Brown's revolution indicator, September 1, 1874, has a mercury reservoir and a communicating pipe, which proceeds radially and then bends upwardly. As the device is revolved by the machinery, the mercury obeys the centrifugal impulse, and passing outwardly and up in
rginia and the Valley. Very serious damage was inflicted on the Confederates in Virginia in the last of December, 1864, by the raid, or expedition, of Gen. George Stoneman, of the Federal army, from east Tennessee into southwest Virginia, mainly for the purpose of destroying the salt works at Saltville, from which not only the State of Virginia and the Confederate armies, but also adjacent States of the Confederacy, drew their supplies of salt; the lead mines and works on New river, in Wythe county, from which the Confederacy obtained the larger proportion of its supply of lead for its ordnance department, and the numerous niter works in operation in that part of Virginia. The further object of this expedition was to drive away the Confederate cavalry that was wintering in east Tennessee and Virginia, not far from the Virginia line, and at the same time to damage, as much as possible, the Virginia & East Tennessee railroad, extending from Lynchburg to Bristol, from which large supp
Col. J. Stoddard Johnston, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 9.1, Kentucky (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 18: (search)
ate stations, of which there were sixteen and with which communication was chiefly by courier. Gen. John H. Morgan, who had reorganized the remnant of his command, was in the vicinity of Abingdon, and there also were the brigades of Gen. H. L. Giltner and Geo. B. Cosby, chiefly composed of Kentuckians, while other bodies of cavalry not necessary to enumerate, detached and of smaller numbers, were disposed with reference to scouting, forage and subsistence. Within his department were the Wythe county lead mines, from which came the principal supply for the armies of the Confederacy, and the salt works at Saltville, from which was derived in great part the salt necessary for the whole South, east of the Mississippi. Added to these features was the fact that soon after he took command General Longstreet, who had occupied that part of East Tennessee not held by the Federal forces, was called to Northern Virginia, increasing largely the responsibility of his charge. His coming was greet
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Diary of Major R. C. M. Page, Chief of Confederate States artillery, Department of Southwest Virginia and East Tennessee, from October, 1864, to May, 1865. (search)
(Vice-President of the United States of America under Buchanan's administration), in command of the Department of Southwest Virginia and East Tennessee, with headquarters at Wytheville, on the Virginia, East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad, Wythe county, Virginia, of the purpose of reorganizing the artillery of that department. October 7th, 1864.—Reported to General Breckinridge, at Wytheville, for instructions. Informed by Major J. Stoddard Johnston, A. A. G., that some of the artillery was in camp with Vaughan's cavalry brigade, near Saltville, Washington county, Va.; some at Saltville; a battery at lead mines, near Max Meadows station, Wythe county, Va., and one in camp near Wytheville. October 8th, 1864.—Went to Abingdon, Washington county, Va., by rail, and thence to Brigadier-General Vaughan's camp. Found there McClung's battery, tolerably complete, and remnants of Lynch's and Byrne's batteries. As Vaughan was about to advance into East Tennessee, in accordance with instr
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 21. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.31 (search)
New River, in Virginia, he captured Wytheville and continued along the railroad, destroying it nearly to Lynchburg. On this raid he laid waste miles of adjoining country. As this had been the first invasion of Northern troops into Floyd and Wythe counties, the inhabitants of them were very bitter against General Stoneman. The more the raid was talked of, the more bitter became the spirit of the people, and many were the threats made against Stoneman and his troopers. William Beaden, who gaverolina, as he had been ordered by General Sherman, he left and entered Jonesboroa, in the eastern part of Tennessee, April 18th, where he received the news of Lee's surrender. All this time the ranks of the secret organization in Floyd and Wythe counties had been considerably increased in numbers by the enlistment of discharged soldiers from Lee's disbanded army. When the news arrived that Stoneman and his cavalry would pass through Floyd county on his way to Washington, wiser and older hea
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