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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Stonewall Jackson's Valley campaign. (search)
loyd and Wise, and still later, of General Lee, availed only to prevent further encroachments of the enemy — not to regain the lost territory. When, therefore, General Jackson assumed command of the Valley of Virginia, the enemy had possession of all the State north of the Great Kanawha, and west of the Alleghenies, and had pushed their outposts into that mountain region itself, and in some cases eastward of the main range. Thus General Kelly had captured Romney, the county-seat of Hampshire county, forty miles west of Winchester, and now occupied it with a force of five thousand men. This movement gave the Federals control of the fertile valley of the south branch of the Potomac. Another, though much smaller force, occupied Bath, the county-seat of Morgan county, forty miles due north of Winchester, while the north bank of the Potomac was everywhere guarded by Union troops. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was open and available for the supply of the Federal troops from Baltimo
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 8: winter campaign in the Valley. 1861-62. (search)
al Edward Johnson, from the Alleghany, should be sent to him, or else directed to march northward through Hardy and Hampshire counties, to effect a junction with him near Romney; but his advice was not adopted. This subtraction from his expected meaot feel at liberty to close this report without alluding to the conduct of the reprobate Federal commanders, who, in Hampshire county, have not only burned valuable mill-property, but also many private houses. Their track from Romney to Hanging Rockhood of Cumberland, in Maryland, a town on the north side of the Potomac, and opposite to the northwestern border of Hampshire county. Three important railroad bridges required their oversight in that region. One of these crossed Patterson's Creek, epared to press onward to New Creek. This stream, flowing northward, enters the Potomac at the western extremity of Hampshire county, and above Cumberland; but in consequence of its situation upon the apex of a great angle of the river, the road whi
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 43: the burning of Chambersburg. (search)
ter part of the town was laid in ashes. For this act I, alone, am responsible, as the officers engaged in it were simply executing my orders, and had no discretion left them. Notwithstanding the lapse of time which has occurred and the result of the war, I see no reason to regret my conduct on this occasion. He then moved in the direction of Cumberland, but on approaching that town, he found it defended by a force under Kelly too strong for him to attack, and he withdrew towards Hampshire County in Virginia, and crossed the Potomac near the mouth of the South Branch, capturing the garrison at that place and partially destroying the railroad bridge. He then invested the post on the railroad at New Creek, but finding it too strongly fortified to take by assault, he moved to Moorefield in Hardy County, near which he halted to rest and recruit his men and horses, as the command was now considered safe from pursuit. Averill, however, had been pursuing from Chambersburg with a bod
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Index. (search)
veton, 119, 120, 122, 133 Guardstown, 284 Guest's House, 223-25, 228-29, 230, 232 Guiney's Depot, 166, 185, 197 Gunpowder River, 386, 394 Hagerstown, 139, 142, 144, 145, 281-82, 285, 395, 402 Hagerstown Pike, 140, 145, 149, 254 Hairston, Colonel P., 3, 5, 7, 16, 72 Hale, Major S., 99, 110, 145, 187, 203, 313, 359 Halleck, General (U. S. A.), 104, 105, 132, 477 Halltown, 136, 408 Hambrick, Major, 6 Hamilton's Crossing, 166, 168-170, 191-92, 194, 199 203 Hampshire County, 332, 404, 455 Hampton, General, 32, 341, 352-53, 355, 379 Hampton, Pa., 258 Hampton's Legion, 15, 28, 47 Hancock, General (U. S. A.), 72, 352 Hanging Rock, 378 Hanover County, 167, 361 Hanover Junction, 258, 261, 264, 345, 348, 354, 357, 359, 360, 370 Hanover Town, 361 Hardwick, Captain W. W., 184 Hardy County, 332-34, 404, 454-55, 457, 460 Harman, Colonel, Wm. H., 464 Harper's Ferry, 1, 2, 43, 135-37, 139, 150, 155, 160, 163-64, 240, 251, 254, 284, 367-69, 37
ust fight it out, and I am here for that purpose. His imposing appearance, his boldness, the justice of his cause, and his steady purpose of retaliating to the full, so awed them, that his terms were promptly assented to, and he quickly returned to his people with the most ample satisfaction for the injuries they had received. He grew weary of this life after some years, and determined to return to his early home and associations. Acting upon this impulse, we next find him in Romney, Hampshire County, among his kindred, where he quietly resumed the duties of civilized life, was married, and practised law for years. Still restless and different from other men, he was constantly speculating in one thing and another-politics, property, etc. At one time he was in the Virginia Legislature, and controlled the vote of his county in a way new to our republican experience. For this purpose he got possession of a large mountain region, filling it with a population whom he ruled very much as
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 21: beginning of the War in Southeastern Virginia. (search)
sked the important questions, First, What shall be done with these fugitives? and, second, What is their state and condition? Then followed the consent of the Government to have them considered contraband of war, already noticed. See page 501. We have observed that the loyal people of the country were greatly disappointed and mortified by the affair at Great Bethel. That disappointment and chagrin were somewhat relieved by a victory obtained over insurgent troops at Romney, in Hampshire County, Northwestern Virginia, achieved on the following day by a detachment of the Eleventh Indiana (Zouaves), Eleventh Indiana Regiment. commanded by Colonel Wallace, whose speedy organization of the first volunteer regiments of that State we have already observed. See page 456. That regiment, in material, deportment, drill, and discipline, was considered one of the best in the State. Its colors had been presented by the women of Indiana with imposing ceremonies, The presentation o
southern part of West Virginia. In the north-east, Gen. Kelly, who held and guarded the Alleghany section of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, starting from New Creek on the night of October 25th, advanced rapidly to Romney, the capital of Hampshire county, driving out a Rebel battalion and capturing two cannon, sixty prisoners, several hundred stand of arms, with all the camp equipage, provisions, and munitions. By this spirited dash, West Virginia was nearly cleared of armed Rebels. Gen.80,691, whereof 6,894 were slaves. The Constitution of West Virginia expressly included the five counties above named, making the total population 315,969, of whom 10,147 were slaves. It further provided that the counties of Pendleton, Hardy, Hampshire, Frederick, Berkeley, Jefferson, and Morgan, might also be embraced within the new State, provided their people should, by vote, express their desire to be — which they, excepting those of Frederick, in due time, did — raising the population, i
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, West Virginia, 1863 (search)
rtWEST VIRGINIA--6th Infantry (Detachment). April 29: Action, FairmontILLINOIS--23d Infantry. NEW YORK--106th Infantry (Detachment). PENNSYLVANIA--13th Cavalry (Detachment). WEST VIRGINIA--6th Infantry (Detachment). Union loss, 1 killed, 6 wounded. Total, 7. April 30: Skirmish, BridgeportWEST VIRGINIA--1st Cavalry; 6th Infantry. April 30: Skirmish near Simpson's CreekWEST VIRGINIA--3d Cavalry. May 2: Skirmish, LewisburgWEST VIRGINIA--1st (Co. "A"), and 2d Cavalry. May 4-9: Scout in Hampshire CountyNEW YORK--1st Cavalry (Detachment). PENNSYLVANIA--13th Cavalry. WEST VIRGINIA--Battery "D" Light Arty. May 5: Skirmish, JanelewWEST VIRGINIA--3d Cavalry (Co. "E"); 3d Infantry. May 6: Skirmish, West UnionWEST VIRGINIA--2d and 11th (1 Co.) Infantry. Union loss, 14. May 7: Affair at Cairo Station(No Details.) May 7: Affair, Harrisville, Ritchie County(No Details.) May 9: Action, Blake's FarmOHIO--12th Infantry. May 9: Affair, Oil Town(No Details.) May 12: Skirmish, SummervilleWEST V
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, New York Volunteers. (search)
and December 4. Darkesville December 11. Bunker Hill December 12. Charlestown December 25. Woodstock January 7, 1863. Newtown and Strasburg January 17. Devil's Hole January 26. Millwood February 6. Near Winchester February 9. Woodstock February 15. Kernstown and Strasburg February 26. Snicker's Ferry April 13. Berry's Ferry and Front Royal April 13. Paris April 14. Mansfield April 17. Millwood April 21. Moorefield April 27. Scout in Hampshire County, W. Va., May 4-9. Scout from Snicker's Ferry May 12-14. Upperville May 13. Middleburg May 13. Berry's Ferry May 16. Upperville May 28. Berryville June 5. Piedmont June 8. Goose Creek June 9. Near White Post and Millwood June 13. Berryville and Bunker Hill June 13. Opequan Creek, near Winchester, June 13. Martinsburg June 14. Winchester June 14-15. Milroy's retreat June 15-July 1. Williamsport, Md., June 15. Hancock June 16. Greencastle, Pa.
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Pennsylvania Volunteers. (search)
ting in Loudoun and Jefferson Counties, Va., till February, 1863. Ordered to join Milroy at Winchester, Va., February 3. Woodstock February 25. Strasburg Road and Woodstock February 26 (Cos. G, L ). Cedar Creek April 13. Reconnoissance toward Wardensville and Strasburg April 20. Operations in the Shenandoah Valley April 22-29. Fisher's Hill, Strasburg Road, April 22 and 26. Scout to Strasburg April 25-30. Strasburg April 28. Fairmont April 29. Scount in Hampshire County May 4-9. Operations about Front Royal Ford and Buck's Ford May 12-26. Piedmont Station May 16 (Detachment). Middletown and Newtown June 12. Battle of Winchester June 13-15. Retreat to Harper's Ferry June 15, and duty there till June 30. Moved to Frederick, Md., thence to Boonsboro July 8, and joined Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. Scouting in Virginia till September. Oak Shade September 2. Hazel River September 4. Advance to the Rapidan September 13-17.
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