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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 7: Secession Conventions in six States. (search)
all officers to take an oath to support the National Constitution, was thereby abrogated and annulled. The third declared that all rights acquired and vested under the National Constitution, or any act of Congress, and not incompatible with the. Ordinance, should remain in full force and effect. The fourth, speaking for the people of the State, said, that they would consent to form a Federal Union with such of the States as have seceded or may secede from the Union of the United States of America, upon the basis of the National Constitution, with a qualification. The next step was to assert the sovereignty of Mississippi by acts. That sovereignty was formally acknowledged by Judge Samuel J. Gholson, of the United States District Court, who resigned his office because his State, in the exercise of sovereignty, had cut the bond that held it to the old Union. South Carolina was formally acknowledged as a Sovereign State by the younger but not less ardent sister, who, like herself,
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 10: Peace movements.--Convention of conspirators at Montgomery. (search)
ey can freely come in on our terms. Our separation from the old Union is complete, and no compromise, no reconstruction can now be entertained. Davis was conducted from the station to the Exchange Hotel, where a large crowd, many of them women, awaited his arrival. He made a speech from the balcony or gallery to the assembled populace, while on each side of him stood a negro, with a candle, that the people might see his face. He addressed them as Brethren of the confederated States of America. He expressed undoubting confidence in the success of the revolution they had just inaugurated. They had nothing to fear at home, for they were united as one people; and they had nothing to fear from abroad, for if war should come, their valor would be sufficient for any occasion. The inaugural ceremonies took place at noon on the 18th, February. upon a plat-form erected in front of the portico of the State House. Davis and Stephens, with the Rev. Dr. Manly, riding in an open barouch
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 13: the siege and evacuation of Fort Sumter. (search)
Commerce of the State of New York ordered June 6, 1861. the execution of a series of medals, of an appropriate character, to be presented to Major Anderson, and to each officer, non-commissioned officer, and soldier engaged in the defense of Fort Sumter. These were of four classes. The first, for presentation to Major Anderson, was six inches in diameter, bearing, Anderson's sword. on one side, a medallion portrait. of the commander, and on the other the Genius or Guardian Spirit of America rising from Fort Sumter, with the American flag in the left hand, and the flaming torch of war in the right. The idea symbolized was the loyal spirit of the country, calling upon all patriots to arouse and resent the insult to the flag and the sovereignty of the Republic, by the attack on the fort. On the portrait side were the words:--Robert Anderson, 1861. On the other side were the words:--The Chamber of Commerce, New York, honors the Defender of Fort Sumter--the patriot, the hero,
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 16: Secession of Virginia and North Carolina declared.--seizure of Harper's Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard.--the first troops in Washington for its defense. (search)
uth as one of constitutional liberty, involving the right of the people to govern themselves. He believed there was not a true-hearted man in the South who would not rather die than submit to the Abolition North. The idea of reconstruction must be utterly abandoned. They would never think of going back to their enemies. He considered the system of government founded on Slavery, which had been established at Montgomery, as the only permanent form of government that could be maintained in America. His views were warmly supported by some prominent Tennesseans. Ex-Governor Neil S. Brown, in a letter published at about that time, expressed his belief that it was the settled policy of the Administration and of the whole North, to wage a war of extermination against the South, and urged the people to arm themselves, as the Border States, he believed, would be the battleground. Ex-Congressman Felix R. Zollicoffer declared that Tennessee was already involved in war, and said, We cannot
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 20: commencement of civil War. (search)
, with the greatest possible haste and in the greatest possible numbers. At the beginning of May there were sixteen thousand of them on their way to Virginia or within its borders, and, with the local troops of that Commonwealth, were pressing on toward Washington, or to important points of communication with it. At the same time measures were on foot at Montgomery for organizing an army of one hundred thousand men. Message of Jefferson Davis to the Congress of the Confederate States of America, April 29, 1861. The enthusiasm among the young men of the ruling class in the South was equal to that of the young men of the North. Notwithstanding the proclamation of the President, calling for seventy-five thousand men, was read by crowds, on the bulletin-boards of the telegraph-offices in every town, with roars of laughter and derision, and cheers for the great rail-splitter Abraham, as one of their chroniclers avers, and few believed that there would be war, companies were formed