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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 (search)
d. It was in this disguise that he was captured. Such is the story as told by C. E. L. Stuart, of Davis's staff. The Confederate President was taken to fort Monroe by way of Savannah and the sea. Reagan, who was captured with Davis, and Alexander H. Stephens were sent to Fort Warren, in Boston Harbor. Inaugural Address>head> The following is the text of the inaugural address, delivered at Montgomery, Ala., Feb. 18, 1861: Gentlemen of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, Friends, and Fellow-Citizens,—Called to the difficult and responsible station of chief executive of the provisional government which you have instituted, I approach the discharge of the duties assigned me with an humble distrust of my abilities, but with a sustaining confidence in the wisdom of those who are to guide and aid me in the administration of public affairs, and an abiding faith in the virtue and patriotism of the people. Looking forward to the speedy establishment of a permanen
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 (search)
uences, as the hostile cities were grouped into states under stable governments; the lingering traditions of the ancient animosities gradually died away, and now Tuscan and Lombard, Sardinian and Neapolitan, as if to shame the degenerate sons of America, are joining in one cry for a united Italy. In France, not to go back to the civil wars of the League in the sixteenth century and of the Fronde in the seventeenth; not to speak of the dreadful scenes throughout the kingdom which followed the the imperial ante-chambers; and when, after another turn of the wheelof-fortune, Louis XVIII. was restored to his throne, he took the regicide Fouche, who had voted for his brother's death, to his cabinet and confidence. The people of loyal America will never ask you, sir, to take to your confidence or admit again to share in the government the hard-hearted men whose cruel lust of power has brought this desolating war upon the land, but there is no personal bitterness felt even against the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Georgia, (search)
s surrendered their charter to the crown, the whole country southward of the Savannah River to the vicinity of St. Augustine was a wilderness, peopled by native tribes, and was claimed by the Spaniards as a part of Florida. The English disputed the claim, and war clouds seemed to be gathering. At that juncture Gen. James Edward Oglethorpe (q. v.), commiserating the wretched condition of prisoners for debt who crowded the English prisons, proposed in Parliament the founding of a colony in America, partly for the benefit of this unfortunate class, and as an asylum for oppressed Protestants of Germany and other Continental states. A committee of inquiry reported favorably, and the plan, as proposed by Oglethorpe, was approved by King George II. A royal charter was obtained for a corporation (June 9, 1732) for twenty-one years, in trust for the poor, to establish a colony in the disputed territory south of the Savannah, to be called Georgia, in honor of the King. Individuals subscri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
a quarter of a century. We have lived long, said Livingston to Marbois, as he arose after signing the treaty, but this is the noblest work of our whole lives. The treaty which we have just signed has not been obtained by art or force; equally advantageous to the two contracting parties, it will change vast solitudes into flourishing districts. From this day the United States take their place among the powers of the first rank; the English lose all exclusive influence in the affairs of America. With equally prophetic vision, Bonaparte said to Marbois, a few days after the negotiation was signed, I would that France should enjoy this unexpected capital [75,000,000 francs], that it may be employed in works beneficial to her marine. The invasion of England, and the prostration of her maritime superiority, was then Bonaparte's pet project. This accession of territory, he continued, exultingly, strengthens forever the power of the United States, and I have just given to England a m
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Printing-press, the (search)
sheet. Difficulties that at first appeared have been overcome, and now the press used for a great daily newspaper will print the paper on both sides and fold, ready for delivery, at the rate of 96,000 four-page or 48,000 eight-page sheets per hour. Printing was introduced into the thirteen original States of the United States by the following named persons at the time and place noted: MassachusettsCambridgeStephen Day1639 VirginiaWilliamsburgJohn Buckner1680-82 Pennsylvanianear PhiladelphiaWilliam Bradford1685 New YorkNew York CityWilliam Bradford1693 ConnecticutNew LondonThomas Short1709 MarylandAnnapolisWilliam Parks1726 South CarolinaCharlestonEleazer Phillips1730 Rhode IslandNewportJames Franklin1732 New JerseyWoodbridgeJames Parker1751 North CarolinaNew-BerneJames Davis1749 New HampshirePortsmouthDaniel Fowle1756 DelawareWilmingtonJames Adams1761 GeorgiaSavannahJames Johnston1762 The first book published in America was issued in 1536 in the city of Mexico.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spain, War with (search)
o utilize the services that I offer. Before closing, I wish to warn you that at the entrance to this city, on the roads of Adjuntas and Canas, the Spanish government is actively engaged in constructing several trenches to foolishly obstruct the march of the army of liberty, and they are concealing themselves in the small neighboring hills and difficult passes in the cañons in order to carry out this resistance. With many wishes for your health and much appreciation of the great triumph of America, I am, Your humble servant, Felix Matos Bernier. July 26, 1898. (Ponce, P. R.) To such a people it became my pleasure to issue a proclamation. Ponce, Porto Rico, July 28, 1898. To the Inhabitants of Porto Rico: In the prosecution of the war against the kingdom of Spain by the people of the United States, in the cause of liberty, justice, and humanity, its military forces have come to occupy the island of Porto Rico. They come bearing the banner of freedom, inspired by a nobl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Tennessee, (search)
wards Henry W. Hilliard, a commissioner of the Confederate States of America, clothed with authority to negotiate a treaty of alliance with Tennessee, appeared (April 30) and was allowed to address the legislature. He expressed his belief that there was not a true-hearted man in the South who would not spurn submission to the Abolition North, and considered the system of government founded on slavery which had just been established as the only form of government that could be maintained in America. The legislature, in which was a majority of Confederate sympathizers, authorized (May 1) the governor to enter into a military league with the Confederate States, by which the whole military rule of the commonwealth was to be subjected to the will of Jefferson Davis. It A corn-mill in East Tennessee. was done on May 7. The eighteen members from East Tennessee (which section remained loyal) did not vote. The legislature passed an act to submit to a vote of the people of Tennessee
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treaty of Paris, (search)
ans; the islands of St. Vincent, Dominica, and Tobago to remain in the possession of England, and that of St. Lucia, of France; that the British should cause all the fortifixations erected in the Bay of Honduras. and other territory of Spain in that region, to be demolished; that Spain should desist from all pretensions to the right of fishing about Newfoundland; that Great Britain should restore to Spain all her conquests in Cuba, with the fortress of Havana; that Spain should cede and guarantee, in full right, to Great Britain, Florida, with Fort St. Augustine and the Bay of Pensacola, and all that Spain possessed on the continent of America to the east, or to the southeast, of the Mississippi River. Thus was vested in the British crown, by consent of rival European claimants, the whole eastern half of North America, from the Gulf of Mexico to Hudson Bay and the Polar Ocean, ineluding hundreds of thousands of square miles of territory which the foot of white man had never trodden.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Unitarians, (search)
Unitarians, Frequently termed Socinians from Laelius Socinus, who founded a sect in Italy about 1546. In America Dr. James Freeman, of King's Chapel, Boston, in 1783, removed from the Prayer book of common prayers all reference to the Trinity or Deity and worship of Christ; his church became distinctly Unitarian in 1787. In 1801 the Plymouth Church declared itself Unitarian. Dr. William Ellery Channing (1780-1842) was the acknowledged head of this church until his death. The American Unitarian association was formed May 24, 1825; headquarters at Boston, Mass. The Western conference organized 1852, and a national Unitarian conference at New York City, April 5, 1865. Reports for 1900 showed: 550 ministers, 459 churches, and 71,000 members.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wrecks. (search)
teamer Sciota wrecked in collision on the Ohio River; fifty-seven lives lost......July 4, 1882 Steamer W. H. Gardner burned on the Tombigbee River, 3 miles below Gainesville, Ala.; twenty-one lives lost......March 1, 1887 Notable wrecks and shipping disasters in foreign waters: Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean sea, etc. English ship Jane and Margaret, from Liverpool to New York, wrecked near the Isle of Man; over 200 lives lost......February, 1837 Governor Fenner, from Liverpool to America, run down off Holyhead by the steamer Nottingham, out of Dublin; 122 lives lost......Feb. 19, 1841 Emigrant ship Edmund, with nearly 200 passengers from Limerick to New York, wrecked off the western coast of Ireland; about 100 lives lost......Nov. 12, 1850 Steamship St. George, from Liverpool to New York, with 121 emigrants and a crew of twenty-nine seamen, destroyed by fire at sea (the crew and seventy of the passengers saved by the American ship Orlando and conveyed to Havre)......D