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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Vicksburg during the siege. (search)
it is a great wonder that the casualties among the non-combatants were so few. I know of but one, and that was not fatal; the loss of an arm by Mrs. Major Reid, while bringing her children under shelter from a sudden storm of shells. There were doubtless others, but I have sought in vain to obtain the facts and names. Inside and outside the lines there were many exaggerated stories in this connection. One of the mortalities published was that of Mrs. General Pemberton, who was at Gainesville, Alabama, the while. How these people subsisted was another wonder. The straits to which the garrison were reduced are known, in part. After the tenth day of the siege, says the report of General Stephen D. Lee, the men lived on about half rations, and less than that toward the close. The ration has been described to consist of one-quarter pound of bacon, one-half pound of beef, five-eighths quart of meal, beside an allowance of peas, rice, sugar, and molasses. Of this, anon. The citi
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 11: capture of Manassas Junction. (search)
y long day's march. On the morning of the 26th, we moved, with Ewell's division still in front, past White Plains, through Thoroughfare Gap in Bull Mountain to Gainesville on the Warrenton Pike, and there turned off to the right towards Bristow Station on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad. At Haymarket, before reaching GainesvilleGainesville, we halted two or three hours to wait for Stuart to come up with his cavalry, which had started that morning to follow us, and did join us at Gainesville. Hays' brigade, under General Forno, was in the advance of the division on this day, and it arrived at Bristow Station a little before sunset, just as several trains were approaGainesville. Hays' brigade, under General Forno, was in the advance of the division on this day, and it arrived at Bristow Station a little before sunset, just as several trains were approaching from the direction of Warrenton Junction. There was but a small force of cavalry at Bristow, which Colonel Forno soon dispersed, and he then arrested and captured two trains of empty cars with their engines, the first train which approached having made its escape towards Manassas before the road could be sufficiently obs
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 9: Second battle of Manassas. (search)
lem, a small village on the Manassas Gap Railroad, having marched in the heat and dust twenty-six miles. But one man among twenty thousand knew where they were going. The troops knew an important movement was on hand, which involved contact with the enemy, and possibly a reissue of supplies. At early dawn the next day the march was resumed at right angles to the course of the day before, following the Manassas Gap Railroad and passing through Bull Run Mountains at Thoroughfare Gap. At Gainesville, Stuart, with Robertson and Fitz Lee's brigades of cavalry, overtook Jackson, whose subsequent movements were greatly aided and influenced by the admirable manner in which the cavalry was employed and managed by Stuart. On reaching the vicinity of Manassas Junction, his objective point, Jackson inclined to the right and intersected the main railroad in Pope's rear at Bristoe Station, four miles closer to Pope, where he halted for the night, having marched nearly thirty miles. That night
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 14: Second battle of Manassas (Bull Run). (search)
t was begun the second battle upon this classic and fateful field. I, marched at daylight and filed to the left at Gainesville at nine o'clock. As the head of the column approached Gainesville the fire of artillery became more lively, and its voGainesville the fire of artillery became more lively, and its volume swelled to proportions indicating near approach to battle. The men involuntarily quickened step, filed down the turnpike, and in twenty minutes came upon the battle as it began to press upon Jackson's right, their left battery partially turninckson's left, chiefly of artillery. R. H. Anderson's division marched at daylight along the Warrenton turnpike for Gainesville. When I reported my troops in order for battle, General Lee was inclined to engage as soon as practicable, but didn made. Anderson marched in the dark as far as Hood's front before reporting for position, and was ordered back to Gainesville. The 4.30 order was issued under the impression that my troops, or the greater part of them, were still at Thoroug
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 15: Bull Run. (search)
n of battle for the following day. The Warrenton turnpike ran almost directly west from Centreville to Gainesville station on the railroad. He was yet unaware that Johnston had joined Beauregard, and sought to prevent such junction by seizing Gainesville. Beauregard's army lay in detachments behind Bull Run, at five different fords, along a line of eight miles. His left and northernmost flank was at the stone bridge where Warrenton turnpike crosses Bull Run, though Mc-Dowell supposed it to exght march northward, cross Sudley Ford, and, rapidly descending on the enemy's side of Bull Run, should clear away the batteries at the stone bridge by a rear attack, and thus enable Tyler's division to cross and join in the combined march on Gainesville, or continue the attack on Beauregard's left. If the stone bridge were blown up, the engineers had timbers ready to repair it. The division of Miles should remain in reserve at Centreville, and the brigade of Richardson continue to threaten B
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Jackson's raid around Pope. (search)
mountain obstruction on its way to tide-water. Marching along the graded bed of this road, between the spurs and cliffs which rise on either side, and refreshed by the cooler atmosphere of the mountain elevation, the Confederate troops poured through the narrow pathway and streamed down into the plain below. Used to scanty diet, they had early learned the art of supplementing their slender commissariat, and the tempting corn-fields along which they passed were made to pay tribute. At Gainesville, on the Warrenton and Alexandria turnpike, we were overtaken by Stuart, who, with Fitz Lee's and Robertson's brigades, had crossed the Rappahannock that morning and pursued nearly the same route with Jackson; and our subsequent movements were greatly aided and influenced by the admirable manner in which the cavalry was employed and managed by Stuart and his accomplished officers. Late in the afternoon Ewell's division, preceded by Munford's cavalry, reached the Orange and Alexandria Ra
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 4: campaign of the Army of the Cumberland from Murfreesboro'to Chattanooga. (search)
ch 14. to Murfreesboroa, with a loss during his ten days ride and skirmishing of only five men killed and five wounded. His gain was nearly one hundred prisoners. On the 18th of March, Colonel A. S. Hall, with a little over fourteen hundred men, The One Hundred and Fifth Ohio, Eightieth, and One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois, a section of Harris's Nineteenth Indiana Battery, and one company of Tennessee cavalry. moved eastward from Murfreesboroa to surprise a Confederate camp at Gainesville. He was unexpectedly met by some of Morgan's cavalry, when he fell back to Milton, twelve miles northeast of Murfreesboroa, and took a strong position on Vaught's Hill. There he was attacked by two thousand men, led by Morgan in person. With the aid of Harris's battery skillfully worked, Hall repulsed the foe after a struggle of about three hours. Morgan lost between three and four hundred men killed and wounded. Among the latter was himself. Hall's loss was fifty-five men, of whom
ndman, 292; Fort McAllister, Ga., 693: Fort Macon, N. C., 79; Fort Morgan, 651; Fort Pillow, 56, 619; Pulaski, 457; Fort Sanders, 432; Fort Sumter, 467-9; Fort Wagner, 47781; Island Number10, 55; Knoxville, 431-2; Mobile, 649-50; Newbern, 77; Plymouth, N. C., 533; Port Hudson, 318; 331-37; Savannah, 695; Vicksburg, 286318; Yorktown, 120-2. Sigel, Gen. Franz, retreats from Bentonville, Ark., 27-8; at Pea Ridge, 28-31; succeeds Gen. Fremont, 172; on the Rappahannock, 179: in the fight at Gainesville, 183 ; is defeated at Newmarket by Breckinridge, 599; is superseded by Hunter, 600. Silliman, Col, killed at Bloody Bridge, 533. Sill, Gen. J. W., killed at Stone River, 274. Simmons, Col., 5th Pa., mortally wounded, 162. Simmsport, La., Banks's army marches to, 551. Simpson, Col., N. J., killed at Gaines's Mill, 157. Sinclair, Col. Wm. T., wounded at Fredericksburg, 347. Skiddaway, S. C., abandoned by the Rebels, 460. slaughter, Gen. J. E., routs Col. Barrett at
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
elegrams of the Secretary of War, one dated the 16th, and two the 21st of June. of the Administration, but by giving him orders that caused the disastrous battle of Baker's Creek, on the 16th of May, and thus led to the siege and capture of Vicksburg. That idea is the foundation of Lieutenant-General Pemberton's defense, in his Report of the Operations previous to and during the Siege of Vicksburg. This report, dated August 2d, was transmitted to the War Department on the 25th, from Gainesville, Alabama, where the writer then was. This fact came to my knowledge on the 12th of September, and I immediately reminded the War Department that the report should have been made to me, General Pemberton's commander, during the operations to which it related, and requested that it should be transmitted to me. No reply was received. After waiting until the 6th of October, I repeated the request. On the 8th, the War Department promised that, as soon as the reports and sub-reports could be copie
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
then moved toward Vicksburg to attempt to extricate the garrison, but could not devise a plan until after reconnoitring, for which I was too late. Without General Pemberton's cooperation, any attempt must have resulted in disaster. The slowness and difficulty of communication rendered cooperation next to impossible. J. E. Johnston. Extract from Lieutenant-General Pemberton's report of the battles of Port Gibson, Baker's Creek, and the siege of Vicksburg. Headquarters, Gainesville, Alabama, August 2, 1863. General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector-General, Richmond, Va.: On the 30th of April I received the first information of the landing of the enemy on the east bank of the Mississippi River. General Bowen reported by telegraph that three thousand (3,000) Federal troops were at Bethel Church, ten miles from Port Gibson, at three o'clock on the morning of the 29th, and that they were still landing at Bruinsburg. Brigadier-General Tracey, of Stevenson's division, had
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