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John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XVI (search)
for Columbus, Miss., and Selma, not absolutely to reach these points, but to divert or pursue according to the state of facts. If, however, Hood turns on you, you must act defensively on the line of the Tennessee. . . . I do not fear that the Southern army will again make a lodgment on the Mississippi. . . . The only hope of a Southern success is in the remote regions difficult of access. We have now a good entering wedge, and should drive it home. . . . Sherman to Grant. Gaylesville, Ala., October 22, 1864. I feel perfectly master of the situation here. I still hold Atlanta and the road, with all bridges and vital points well guarded, and I have in hand an army before which Hood has retreated precipitately down the valley of the Coosa. It is hard to divine his future plans; but by abandoning Georgia, and taking position with his rear to Selma, he threatens the road from Chattanooga to Atlanta, and may move to Tennessee by Decatur. He cannot cross the Tennessee ex
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Index (search)
st Point, 3 Garfield, James Abram, election and inauguration, 447, 450; abolishes the Division of the Gulf, 451; assassination, 453 Garnett, Col. Robert S., commandant of cadets at West Point, 15 Gaylesburg, Ga., Sherman at, 326 Gaylesville, Ala., Sherman at, 318 General, the rank of, 538 Generals, as politicians, 355 Geologists, the God-hating, 9 Georgia, abandoned by Hood, 163, 164, 309, 318, 332, 333; Sherman's plans and operations in, 252, 254, 285, 299 et seq., 314, movement against Beauregard, 311; S.'s objections to his plans, 313, 314, 323 et seq.; innocence of ravages after Lee's surrender, 314; share in the subjection of the South, 314, 315; at Cartersville, 315; theory of war, 317; at Rome, 318; at Gaylesville, 318; to destroy railroads in Georgia, 319, 322; moves to Kingston, 320; burns Rome, 321; moves from Atlanta, 322; impatience, 322; military genius, 324, 330-342, 344, 355-358; his policy indorsed by success, 323; relations with and opinions o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hood, John Bell 1831-1879 (search)
s Hood avoided the intended blow, and, appearing before Resaca, demanded its surrender. A vigorous attack by the Confederates was repulsed, and Hood moved on, closely pursued by Sherman. The Confederates destroyed the railway near Buzzard's Roost, and captured the Union garrison at Dalton. Sherman tried to make Hood fight, but that active leader avoided this peril and puzzled the Nationals by his inexplicable movements. Still pursuing, Sherman and his entire force were grouped about Gaylesville, in a fertile region of northern Alabama. Now satisfied that Hood did not mean to fight, but was luring the Nationals out of Georgia, Sherman determined to execute a plan which he had already submitted to General Grant —namely, to destroy Atlanta and its railway communications, march his army through the heart of Georgia, and capture and take possession of Savannah or Charleston, on the Atlantic seaboard. He abandoned the chase after Hood and returned to Atlanta early in November. See
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Alabama, 1863 (search)
Action, Blount's PlantationILLINOIS--80th Infantry. INDIANA--51st and 73d Infantry. OHIO--3d Infantry. TENNESSEE--1st Middle Cavalry (2 Cos.). May 2: Skirmish, Black Warrior Creek, near GadsdenILLINOIS--80th Infantry. INDIANA--51st and 73d Infantry. OHIO--3d Infantry. TENNESSEE--1st Middle Cavalry (2 Cos.). May 2: Skirmish near Centre  May 2-8: Exp. from Burnsville to Tupelo, MissILLINOIS--15th Cavalry; 9th Mounted Infantry. MISSOURI--10th Cavalry. KANSAS--7th Cavalry. May 3: Action, GaylesvilleINDIANA--51st Infantry. May 3: Action, Cedar BluffsILLINOIS--80th Infantry. INDIANA--51st and 73d Infantry. OHIO--3d Infantry. TENNESSEE--1st Middle Cavalry (2 Cos.). May 28: Action, FlorenceILLINOIS--15th Cavalry; 9th Mounted Infantry. KANSAS--7th Cavalry. MISSOURI--10th Cavalry. Union loss, 1 killed, 7 wounded, 10 missing. Total, 18. July 18-22: Expedition to HuntsvilleILLINOIS--Chicago Board of Trade Battery Light Arty. INDIANA--2d, 3d and 4th Cavalry. IOWA--5th Cavalry. KENTUCKY--2d
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles, Alabama, 1864 (search)
d 72d Mounted Infantry. MICHIGAN--4th Cavalry. OHIO--1st and 3d Cavalry. Oct. 21: Action, LeesburgILLINOIS--Chicago Board of Trade Battery Light Arty.; 98th and 123d Mounted Infantry. INDIANA--17th and 72d Mounted Infantry. KENTUCKY--4th, 6th and 7th Cavalry. MICHIGAN--4th Cavalry. OHIO--1st and 3d Cavalry. PENNSYLVANIA--7th Cavalry. Oct. 21: Skirmish, Drove Road CrossingINDIANA--17th Mounted Infantry. Oct. 23: Skirmish, Kings' Hill, near GadsdenOHIO--3d Cavalry. Oct. 25: Reconn. from Gaylesville to TurkeytownILLINOIS--26th, 40th, 48th, 55th, 90th, 103d, 111th, 116th and 127th Infantry. INDIANA--12th, 83d, 97th and 99th Infantry. IOWA--1st Battery Light Arty.; 4th, 6th, 9th, 25th, 30th and 31st Infantry. MICHIGAN--Battery "B," 1st Light Arty.; 15th Infantry. MISSOURI--3d, 6th, 8th, 12th, 17th, 27th, 29th, 31st and 32d Infantry. OHIO--30th, 37th, 46th, 47th, 53d, 54th, 57th, 70th and 76th Infantry. Oct. 25: Skirmishes, Turkeytown and Gadsden RoadILLINOIS--111th Infantry. INDIANA--
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Illinois Volunteers. (search)
Ezra Chapel, Hood's second sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Pursuit of Hood into Alabama October 1-26. Reconnoissance from Gaylesville, Ala., to Turkeytown October 25. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Griswoldsville December 22. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Reconnoissance to Salkehatchie River, S. C.,joy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Rome and Gadsden October 4. Reconnoissance on Cavalrye Springs Road and skirmishes October 12-13. Reconnoissance from Gaylesville, Ala., to Turkeytown October 25. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Jenks' Bridge, Ogeechee River, December 7. Near Bryant's Court House December 8. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Assault and capture of Fort McAllister De
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Indiana Volunteers. (search)
there till December 26. Prim's Blacksmith Shop, Edmonson Pike, December 25. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till April. Reconnoissance to Nolensville and Versailles January 13-15. Streight's Raid to Rome, Ga., April 26-May 3. Dug Gap, Sand Mountain, Crooked Creek and Hog Mountain April 30. East Branch Black Warrior Creek May 1. Blount's Farm and near Centre May 2. Galesville (Cedar Bluff) May 3. Regiment captured. Exchanged November, 1863. Reorganized at Indianapolis, Ind., and rejoined army at Nashville, Tenn., December, 1863. (A detachment on Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7.) Assigned to duty as guard on Railroad, between Nashville and Chattanooga, till April, 1864. Duty at Chattanooga, Tenn., till September, 1864, and at Atlanta, Ga., till October. Action at Dalton, Ga., August 14-15. Pursuit of Hood into Alabama October 3-26. Nas
ails and ties totally destroyed, besides several important bridges carried away by high water; yet with characteristic energy on the part of Colonel Wright and Captain J. C. Van Duzer, Superintendent of Military Telegraph, the repairs were rapidly carried forward. Telegraphic communication with Atlanta was restored on the twenty-first, and trains commenced running regularly on the twenty-eighth. On the latter date the enemy was at Gadsden, Alabama, while General Sherman's forces were at Gaylesville, both armies remaining inactive and watchful of the other's movements. While at the latter place Special Field Order No. 105, Military Division of the Mississippi, was issued by General Sherman, and the substance of it sent to me by telegraph, as follows: In the event of military movements or the accidents of war separating the general in command from his military division, Major-General George H. Thomas, commanding the Department of the Cumberland, will exercise command over all the
lisbury, destroying en route bridges, culverts, depots, and all kinds of rebel supplies, and had extended the break in the railroad down to the Catawba bridge. This was fatal to the hostile armies of Lee and Johnston, who depended on that road for supplies and as their ultimate line of retreat. Major-General J. H. Wilson, also in command of the cavalry corps organized by himself under Special Field Orders No.--, of October twenty-four, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-four, at Gaylesville, Alabama, had started from the neighborhood of Decatur and Florence, Alabama, and moved straight into the heart of Alabama, on a route prescribed for General Thomas after he had defeated General Hood at Nashville Tennessee; but the roads being too heavy for infantry, General Thomas had devolved that duty on that most energetic young cavalry officer, General Wilson, who, imbued with the proper spirit, has struck one of the best blows of the war at the waning strength of the Confederacy. His ro
rangement had been entered into by General Johnston and Major-General Sherman in the terms asserted, I could not acknowledge its application to my command, or its obligation upon me till notified to that effect by specific instructions from proper authority, authentically transmitted. My forces, although known as the cavalry corps of the military division of the Mississippi, organized under General Sherman's orders, had not served under his direct command since I separated from him at Gaylesville, Ala., in October, 1864. He at that time directed me to report to Major-General Thomas, with my troops, for the purpose of completing the organization and assisting in the operations against Hood and Forrest. From that time till my arrival at this place all of my operations were conducted under instructions either directly from General Thomas or transmitted through him from Lieutenant-General Grant. But I fully expected to join the armies operating in the Carolinas and Virginia, and there
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