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Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 128 14 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Battles 74 0 Browse Search
Col. John M. Harrell, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.2, Arkansas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 69 5 Browse Search
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 4. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 22 0 Browse Search
Col. John C. Moore, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 9.2, Missouri (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 20 0 Browse Search
Eliza Frances Andrews, The war-time journal of a Georgia girl, 1864-1865 16 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 7. (ed. Frank Moore) 15 3 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 11 1 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 10 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 9. (ed. Frank Moore) 8 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Col. John M. Harrell, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.2, Arkansas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans). You can also browse the collection for Pine Bluff (Arkansas, United States) or search for Pine Bluff (Arkansas, United States) in all documents.

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ll the planting region which received the news, and the movement to take the arsenal was immediately set on foot. The Yell Rifles, of which that most distinguished officer, Patrick R. Cleburne, was a member, and a company of cavalry under Captain Gist, brother of Governor Gist of South Carolina, came overland, mounted and armed; the Phillips Guards, an infantry company commanded by Captain Otey, came by steamer up the Arkansas river. Several impromptu organizations came by steamer from Pine Bluff, and others by land on horseback. Soon there were several thousand men in Little Rock, assembled for the purpose of demanding the surrender of the arsenal and taking possession of the arms and munitions there stored. The inhabitants of the little city were in a state of most intense excitement. The arsenal was situated in a grove of twenty acres, and consisted of a large two-story brick building, with octagonal tower, in which were stores of arms and munitions of war; a handsome bric
ddenly promoted to an empty honor —former governor of the State, but for some time in retirement on his plantation near Pine Bluff—when he looked about him for the material, the men and munitions for these energetic operations. He had commanded a rexas cavalry, on the way to Corinth, had been permitted to remain at Little Rock, with General Roane, who, in command at Pine Bluff and Little Rock, had eight unarmed companies at Little Rock, and a six-gun battery without artillerymen. General Roanesissippi, and that General Magruder is coming to assume command. . . I have now in camp at this place [Little Rock] and Pine Bluff, about 18,000 effective men, well armed. I have in camps of instruction between 6,000 and 8,000 men, either wholly una brigade, Roane's division, and ordered to his regiment at Pocahontas. Brig.-Gen. J. S. Roane, in command of troops at Pine Bluff, was ordered to Clarendon. Cols. J. S. Marmaduke and A. Nelson were also assigned to duty as brigadier-generals. Co
supported by an army estimated at 60,000 men; that the battle began on Saturday, the 10th of January, and early on the morning of the 11th, General Churchill rode down the Confederate line and read to the army a telegram from General Holmes at Pine Bluff, that the army must not surrender, but fight till the last man was dead, dead, dead; that the battle began again Sunday morning, the 11th. The fort was knocked to pieces and silenced. All the army, including the general commanding, was capturrts, proceeded down the Arkansas river, but escaped the doom which might have been theirs also, by being too late to get into the trap. There was no more hope of defending that petty lunette against the assailing horde, supplied with such an armament, than of damming the Nile with bulrushes. General Hindman's troops were returned on transports from Pine Bluff to Little Rock in rather sad plight, but were encamped south of the city, where they were soon made comfortable in winter quarters.
eut.-Gen. T. H. Holmes was relieved from the command of the Trans-Mississippi department and assigned to the district of Arkansas, including also Indian Territory and Missouri. The abstract from returns of the district of Arkansas for April 30, 1863, shows the following present for duty: Price's division, headquarters Little Rock, 529 officers, 6,656 men; Steele's division, Fort Smith, 317 officers, 4,082 men; Marmaduke's division, Jacksonport, 352 officers, 4,o18 men; Frost's division, Pine Bluff, 153 officers, 2,107 men; Dobbin's regiment, near Helena, 38 officers, 605 men; Hill's artillery battalion, Little Rock, 17 officers, 251 men; Dawson's cavalry, Little Rock, 1 officer, 52 men. Total, 1,407 officers, 17,771 men; aggregate present, 22,249; aggregate present and absent, 34,431. Price's division at that date embraced the Arkansas brigades of Fagan, McRae and Tappan (formerly Shaver's), and M. M. Parsons' Missouri brigade. Steele's division included the brigades of Cooper a
Holmes was seized with an illness which grew so pronounced that he ordered General Price, then with his division at Des Arc, to assume command of the district. Assuming this duty immediately, Price left his division under General Fagan, whose headquarters were at Searcy, near the Little Red, a branch of White river. Being satisfied that the Federal army at Helena was about to advance against Little Rock, Price ordered Gen. D. M. Frost, commanding the defenses of the lower Arkansas near Pine Bluff, to move at once with his infantry and artillery to Little Rock, and Fagan's division, camped at Des Arc and Searcy, to take position upon Bayou Meto, 12 miles northeast of Little Rock, at the crossing of the Memphis & Little Rock road. General Marmaduke, near Jacksonport, was directed to dispose his command so as to retard as much as possible the advance of the enemy, and keep in his front until he should be compelled to fall back upon Bayou Meto. Brigadier-General Walker's division—brig
helby's Missouri raid Marmaduke's attack on Pine Bluff advance on Little Rock proposed and abando. He was sending scouts in the direction of Pine Bluff, Little Rock and Hot Springs. While the a, Marmaduke, with his division, marched upon Pine Bluff, which the enemy had occupied a few days aft a night march from Princeton, he arrived at Pine Bluff on October 25th, and sent a flag to the comm the streets leading to the public square in Pine Bluff, and planted six mountain howitzers and thre Missouri cavalry. Although the attack on Pine Bluff failed of its object, it had a wholesome effThe next day the First Iowa cavalry, sent to Pine Bluff, followed on the trail of Marmaduke to Tulip had prudently fortified his key points. At Pine Bluff were intrenchments inclosing the principal prd Arkadelphia. Leaving a force of 2,500 at Pine Bluff, under Col. Powell Clayton, which cooperatedd at Mount Elba by a party of the enemy from Pine Bluff and completely routed.—Price's Report. Steel
d, and that the day previous the enemy had received from Pine Bluff a commissary train of 200 wagons, guarded by an escort der instructions to destroy the supplies at Little Rock, Pine Bluff and Devall's Bluff, and then throw himself between the eer, we received a supply train of ten days rations [from Pine Bluff]. This train was immediately sent back for a fresh suppl seen. had departed from Camden and was on the road to Pine Bluff, under escort of 2,000 infantry, 500 cavalry and a battere a road running north and south crossed the Camden and Pine Bluff road at Marks' mills. Shelby's division was ordered to A regiment, at Mount Elba to guard the crossing [against Pine Bluff], had been sent out, which, together with similar detail0 negroes accompanied the brigade. Major Spellman, from Pine Bluff, with 150 cavalry, joined the expedition on the Warren aionally skirmishing with scouts sent out by Clayton from Pine Bluff. These ceasing, for weeks peace once more held temporar
ving received that day his commission as brigadier-general for gallantry on the field of battle. He was a resident of Pine Bluff, where his father was presiding judge of the Jefferson circuit court. The First Arkansas Confederate was organized iphia; Company C, Ouachita county, Captain Crenshaw, of Camden; Company D, Jefferson county, Capt. Donelson McGregor, of Pine Bluff; Company E, Saline county, Capt. William A. Crawford, of Benton; Company F, Pulaski county, Capt. William F. Martin, ofunder Joseph E. Johnston at Greensboro, N. C., April 26, 1865. The Ninth Arkansas regiment infantry was organized at Pine Bluff, July 20, 1861, by the election of Col. John M. Bradley, Lieut.-Col. W. Y. McCammon, Maj. W. H. Wallace, Sr. The adjutae. The Eighteenth Arkansas was organized at Devall's Bluff on White river, by the election of Col. D. W. Carroll, of Pine Bluff; Lieut.-Col. John L. Daly, of Camden, and Maj. Robert H. Crockett, of DeWitt. The company commanders were: Company A,
uns. Govan was now fighting on both sides of the Federal main line, and a gallant charge by his right wing rescued those of his men who had been captured, and took two more guns and several hundred prisoners. The valor of the Arkansans was never more manifest than on that bloody day, when the Federal veterans fought with desperation, and would not give up their intrenchments until bayonetted, though assailed both in front and rear. The loss was frightful. Col. John Edward Murray, of Pine Bluff, commanding the Eighth Arkansas, was killed in front of his regiment. He had recently become of age, and that day had received his commission as brigadier-general, being the youngest brigadier in the army. Lieutenant-Colonel Smith of the Second Arkansas was killed, a bullet striking him in the left breast causing instant death. Col. J. W. Colquitt of the First Arkansas was wounded in the foot and had to leave the field. Being the last field officer of his regiment, the command devolved
asants' Arkansas infantry. Alfred L. Trigg, Little Rock, assistant surgeon Little Rock hospital. John F. McGregor, Pine Bluff, Ark., surgeon Flournoy's Texas infantry. William L. Killian, Charleston, Ark., assistant surgeon King's Arkansas infantrynfantry. Robert P. Sweatt, Waxahachie, Tex., assistant surgeon Parsons' Nineteenth Texas cavalry. Jonathan J. Jones, Pine Bluff, Ark., surgeon Dardanelle hospital. By order of secretary of war the Army Medical Board was convened for examinations, Missouri battery. Nicholas N. Pumphrey, Independence, Mo., surgeon Caldwell's Missouri infantry. Randolph Brunson, Pine Bluff, Ark., surgeon Pine Bluff hospital. William Carson Boone, Fayette, Mo., surgeon Clark's Missouri infantry. Reuben Jernet Taylor for duty. John W. Madden, Waco, Tex., assistant surgeon Gurley's Thirtieth Texas cavalry. Charles H. Smith, Pine Bluff, Ark., chief surgeon Marmaduke's division. Gregory Ferguson, Tyler, Tex., assistant surgeon Dockery's Arkansas cavalry.
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