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William A. Smith, DD. President of Randolph-Macon College , and Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy., Lectures on the Philosophy and Practice of Slavery as exhibited in the Institution of Domestic Slavery in the United States: withe Duties of Masters to Slaves., Lecture XI: teaching the slaves to read and Write. (search)
ucating them in advance of their circumstances and prospects. In their circumstances, it would be even more objectionable than it could be to take the time and labor of a white youth, which (we will also suppose) were required for the immediate support of himself and of those depending upon his labor, and educate him for the learned pursuits of a Newton or a Macaulay, whilst at the same time, for causes beyond his control, he was doomed for the remainder of his days to work in the mines of Cornwall or Chesterfield, by the light of Sir Humphrey Davy's lamp! No one of the important objects of so high an education is accessible to him. The least part of the objection to such a course as this is, that it would be a useless expenditure of time and labor. But the reason is much stronger in the case of the African. The civil offices are all closed against him. No one of the learned professions is open to him. The Law of caste which forbids his amalgamation bars him out from every thing
1864, to November, 1865, he was at the head of a board for retiring disabled officers. On the latter date he resigned from the volunteer service, and gave up the regular army, in which he had been brevetted major-general on March 15, 1866. He then became vice-president of the Colt Firearms Company, and was American commissioner-general to the Paris Exposition of 1889. He died in Hartford, Connecticut, March 8, 1903. Major-General John Sedgwick (U. S.M. A. 1837) was born in Cornwall, Connecticut, September 13, 1813. He served with great distinction in the Mexican and Seminole wars. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was lieutenant-colonel in the cavalry, and he rose to major-general of volunteers by July, 1862. After having a brigade in the Army of the Potomac, he was given a division of the Second Corps, and it met with frightful loss at Antietam, where Sedgwick was twice wounded. After recovery he took command of the Second and Ninth corps for short periods, and in F
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Allen, Ira, 1751-1814 (search)
Allen, Ira, 1751-1814 Military officer; a younger brother of Ethan; born in Cornwall, Conn., April 21, 1751. He was an active patriot, and took a distinguished part in public affairs in Vermont, his adopted State, where he served in the legislature, and was secretary of state, surveyor-general, and a member of the council. He was a military leader in the war for independence, and was one of the commissioners sent to Congress to oppose the claims of neighboring provinces to jurisdiction in Vermont. He effected an armistice with the British in Canada in 1781, and by so doing brought about a settlement of the controversy with New York. As senior major-general of the State militia in 1795, he went to Europe to purchase arms for his commonwealth, and on his way homeward with muskets and cannon he was captured, taken to England, and charged with being an emissary of the French, and intending to supply the Irish malcontents with arms. After long litigation the matter was settled in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hotchkiss, James Harvey 1781-1851 (search)
Hotchkiss, James Harvey 1781-1851 Clergyman; born in Cornwall, Conn., Feb. 23, 1781; graduated at Williams College in 1800, and was pastor in Prattsburg in 1809-30. He published History of the churches of Western New York. He died in Prattsburg, N. Y., Sept. 21, 1851.
ed governor of the conquered territory by the Dutch West India Company. Settlers from Boston soon afterwards expelled the Dutch. Meanwhile the horrors of King Philip's War had extended to that region, and in the space of three months 100 persons were murdered. Then came disputes arising out of the claims Lumbering in Maine. of the Duke of York (to whom Charles II. had given New Netherland) to the country between the Kennebec and St. Croix rivers, which in 1683 had been constituted Cornwall county, of the province of New York, over which Sir Edmund Andros (q. v.) was made governor. Massachusetts, however, continued to hold possession of the whole province of Maine, excepting at Sagadahock and Pemaquid. But when the duke became king (see James II.) the charter of Massachusetts was forfeited, and Andros ruled Maine with cruelty. The Revolution of 1688 restored the former political status of Massachusetts, and thenceforth the history of the province of Maine is identified with t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pemaquid. (search)
maquid. On Feb. 29, 1631, the President and Council for New England granted to Robert Aldworth and Giles Elbridge 100 acres of land for every person whom they should transport to the province of Maine within seven years, who should continue there three years, and an absolute grant of 12,000 acres of land as their proper inheritance forever, to be laid out near the Pemaquid River. In 1677 Governor Andros sent a sloop, with some forces, to take possession of the territory in Maine called Cornwall, which had been granted to the Duke of York. He caused Fort Frederick to be built at Pemaquid Point, a headland of the southwest entrance to Bristol Bay. The Eastern Indians, who, ever since King Philip's War, had been hostile, then appeared friendly, and a treaty was made with them at Casco, April 12, 1678, by the commissioners, which put an end to a distressing war. In 1692 Sir William Phipps, with 450 men, built a large stone fort there, which was superior to any structure of the kind
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sedgwick, John 1813- (search)
Sedgwick, John 1813- Military officer; born in Cornwall, Conn., Sept. 13, 1813; graduated at West Point in 1837; served in the Seminole War and the war against Mexico, where he became highly distinguished; was commissioned a brigadiergeneral of volunteers in August, 1861. In May, 1862, he was promoted to majorgeneral, and led a division in Sumner's corps in the Peninsula campaign Gen. John Sedgwick. immediately afterwards. At the battle of Antietam he was seriously wounded, and in December he was put in command of the 9th Army Corps. In February, 1863, he took command of the 6th Corps, and in the Chancellorsville campaign, in May, he made a brave attack upon the Heights of Fredericksburg, and carried them, but was compelled to retire. During the Gettysburg campaign he commanded the left wing of the army; and in November following, near the Rapidan in Virginia, he captured a whole Confederate division. He entered earnestly upon the Richmond campaign in the spring of 1864,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut, (search)
ted for three years, the 4th Connecticut Infantry, leaves Hartford under Col. Levi Woodhouse......June 10, 1861 Brig.-Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, born in Ashford, July 14, 1819; killed in battle of Wilson's Creek, Mo.......Aug. 10, 1861 Gen. Joseph K. F. Mansfield, born in New Haven, Dec. 22, 1803; killed in battle of Antietam......Sept. 17, 1862 Rear-Admiral Andrew Hull Foote, born in New Haven, Sept. 12, 1806; dies at New York City......June 26, 1863 Maj.-Gen. John Sedgwick, born in Cornwall, Sept. 13, 1813; killed in battle of Spottsylvania......May 9, 1864 Fifty thousand six hundred and twenty-three three-years' troops furnished during the war......1861-65 State board of fish commissioners created......1865 State board of education organized, with Daniel C. Gilman as secretary......1865 Lydia Sigourney, poet, dies at Hartford......June 10, 1865 Legislature which convened at Hartford, May 3, adjourns after the longest session on record up to date......July 21, 1
ed in the battle of Missionary Ridge. Returning to the department of Virginia in March, 1864, he was placed in command of the Eighteenth Corps; rendered important service at Cold Harbor, June 1 to 3, and was conspicuous in the events incident to the siege of Petersburg. Gen. Smith resigned his commission in the volunteer service in 1865, and in the regular army in 1867. He is at present president of the police commission of the city of New York. Gen. Jno. Sedgwick Was born in Cornwall, Ct., September 13, 1813. Graduated at West Point, July, 1837. In this year, as a junior second lieutenant of artillery, he made a campaign against the Seminoles in Florida. Subsequently he served upon the northern frontier in the Canada border troubles. Young Sedgwick accompanied Scott's expedition to Vera Cruz, and participated in the battles that followed the surrender of that port, winning for gallantry displayed at Cerro Gordo, Churubusco, Molino del Rey and Chapultepec, the brevets
during the war; he was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Senator in Congress, and Governor of the State; he received the honorary degree of A. M. at Y. C. 1789, and at D. C. 1790; he d. 19 May 1813; Paul, b. 17 Dec. 1743, d. 1754; Silas, b. 17 Mar. 1745-6, m. Susanna Weeks, d. at St. Albans, Vt., at an advanced age; Mercy, b. 8 Oct. 1748, m. Col. Joseph Safford of Bennington, and d. 7 May 1814; Sarah, b. 13 Nov. 1751, m. Benjamin, son of Capt. Stephen Fay, and (2d) Gen. Heman Swift of Cornwall, Conn.; David, b. 4 Nov, 1754, settled in Bennington, m. Sarah, dau. of Capt. Stephen Fay, and (2d) Eunice, dau. of Doct. John Dickinson of Middletown, Conn., and (3d) Nancy, wid. of George Church of Hartford, Conn.; he was in the Bennington Battle, and afterwards Major-general of Militia; he was also United States Marshal for the District of Vermont eight years, and Sheriff of Bennington County twenty-two years; he d. Nov. 1843; Jonathan, b. 24 Aug. 1756, settled in Bennington, m. Mary, dau.
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