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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 4: up the St. John's. (search)
Maine. The remainder, with its colonel, will be here to-morrow, and, report says, Major-General Hunter. Now my hope is that we may go to some point higher up the river, which we can hold for ourselves. There are two other points [Magnolia and Pilatka], which, in themselves, are as favorable as this, and, for getting recruits, better. So I shall hope to be allowed to go. To take posts, and then let white troops garrison them,--that is my programme. What makes the thing more puzzling is, ch 27th, I wrote home: The Burnside has gone to Beaufort for rations, and the John Adams to Fernandina for coal; we expect both back by Sunday, and on Monday I hope to get the regiment off to a point farther up,-- Magnolia, thirty-five miles, or Pilatka, seventy-five,--either of which would be a good post for us. General Hunter is expected every day,; and it is strange he has not come. The very next day came an official order recalling the whole expedition, and for the third time evacuating Ja
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 11: Florida again? (search)
individual article which they have carried in. And I sat down on a pile of boards. You will return to your old camping-ground, Colonel, said the General, placidly. Now, he added, with serene satisfaction, we will have some brigade drills! Brigade drills! Since Mr. Pickwick, with his heartless tomato-sauce and warming-pans, there had been nothing so aggravating as to try to solace us, who were as good as on board ship and under way,--nay, in imagination as far up the St. John's as Pilatka at least,--with brigade drills! It was very kind and flattering in him to wish to keep us. But unhappily we had made up our minds to go. Never did officer ride at the head of a battalion of more wobegone, spiritless wretches than I led back from Beaufort that day. When I march down to de landin‘, said one of the men afterwards, my knapsack full of feathers. Comin‘ back, he lead! And the lead, instead of the feathers, rested on the heart of every one. As if the disappointment itse
State be doubted, let the armed force be withdrawn, and the ballot-box decide. If this is refused even a dozen times, renew it, and keep before the North and the world that our ability to defend ourselves for many years has been proved. Pilatka, Florida, was occupied by the Union forces under Colonel Barton. The force, consisting of infantry and artillery, left Jacksonville on the transports General Hunter, Delaware, Maple Leaf, and Charles Houghton last evening, and, under the direction of good pilots, reached Pilatka at about daylight this morning. The night was densely dark, and a terrible thunder-storm added not a little to the difficulty of the passage of the boats up the tortuous channel. The troops disembarked at sunrise, and found but few of the enemy. The rebels probably had only a small cavalry picket in the town, and on the approach of the Nationals it was withdrawn, and the place given up without firing a shot on either side. The town was found entirely deserted,
March 20. The expedition, composed of the steamers Columbine and Sumter, that left Pilatka, Florida, for Lake George, to capture the rebel steamer Hattie Brock, returned to the former place, having been successful. This morning, while off Elbow Light, in latitude twenty-six degrees thirty-three minutes north, longitude seventy-six degrees twenty-five minutes west, the United States steamer Tioga overhauled and captured the sloop Swallow, from the Combahee River, South-Carolina, bound to Nassau, N. P. One hundred and eighty bales of cotton, eighty barrels of resin, and twenty-five boxes of tobacco were found on board the prize.--the rebel steamer Florida was captured by the National gunboat Honeysuckle.
April 1. The funeral ceremonies of Owen Lovejoy, were held at his late residence near the town of Princeton, Illinois.--the steamer Maple Leaf, while returning to Jacksonville from Pilatka, struck a rebel torpedo, which exploded, tearing off the steamer's entire bow, the vessel sinking in ten minutes. Two firemen and two deck-hands were drowned. The passengers, sixty in number, were safely landed, but their baggage was all lost, including that of two or three regiments.--the battle of Fitzhugh's Woods, Ark., was fought this day. See Document 8, Volume IX., rebellion record.--(Doc. 128.) A party of rebels made an attack on Brooks's plantation, (which was being worked on a Government lease,) near Snydersville, on the Yazoo River, and destroyed all the valuable buildings and machinery. The First Massachusetts cavalry, (colored,) six hundred strong, drove the rebels off, after an hour's fight. The enemy numbered nearly one thousand five hundred. The Union loss was sixte
d on the approach of the steamer City of Jersey. General J. P. Hatch, commanding the district of Florida, issued the following order from his headquarters at Jacksonville: The Brigadier-General Commanding desires to make known to his command the successful accomplishment of a daring and difficult expedition, by a detachment of twenty-five men of the One Hundred and Fifteenth New York volunteers, commanded by Captain S. P. Smith, of the same regiment. This little party, sent from Pilatka to a point thirty-two miles from the post, surprised and captured a picket of the enemy, consisting of one sergeant and nine men, with their arms, and thirteen horses, and equipments complete. To bring off the horses, it was necessary to swim them across the St. John's River, and force them for a mile and a half through a swamp previously considered impracticable. The energy, intrepidity, and skill with which this expedition was conducted demands the praise of the commander of this distri
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The battle of Olustee, or Ocean Pond, Florida. (search)
me vacillation in the execution of the expedition. General Seymour, on whom the execution of General Gillmore's plans devolved, wholly disapproved it. The movement on Lake City he regarded as in opposition to sound strategy, and inadvisable, and he had discovered that what had been said of the desire of Florida to come back into the Union was a delusion. Do not, he writes to Gillmore, fritter away your infantry in the interior, but at once withdraw the whole force back to Jacksonville and Palatka, points which could be easily held and would serve as rendezvous for such Floridians (if any) as should desire to form a new State government under the Union flag. To this Gillmore replied telling him not to risk a repulse by an advance on Lake City; if he met serious opposition he should concentrate at Sanderson's on the St. Mary's. But how was he to advance at all without risking a repulse, seeing that there was an enemy in his path? Nor could he remain at Sanderson's with entire safety
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 12: operations on the coasts of the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. (search)
Altamaha River, in Georgia. This place, like Brunswick, was deserted, and nearly all of the inhabitants on St. Simon's and neighboring islands had fled to the main. In the mean time Dupont sent a small flotilla, under a judicious officer, Lieutenant Thomas Holdup Stevens, consisting of the gun-boats Ottawa, Seneca, Pembina, and Huron, with the transports I. P. Smith and Ellen, to enter the St. John's River, twenty-five miles farther down the coast, and push on to Jacksonville, and even to Pilatka, if possible. Stevens approached Jacksonville on the evening of the 11th of March, 1862. and saw large fires in that direction; and on the following day he appeared before the town, which was abandoned by the Confederate soldiers. So large a number of Northern people inhabited Jacksonville at the beginning of the war, that it was called by the natives a Yankee town. But many of them were secessionists, and of 400 families who were there when Dupont arrived on the coast, only 70 remain
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 47: operations of South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, under Rear-admiral Dahlgren, during latter end of 1863 and in 1864. (search)
. The naval force employed in the St. John's River, under Commander Balch, was composed of the Pawnee, Mahaska and Norwich, off Jacksonville, and the Ottawa at Palatka. With such a small force it would have been impossible to prevent the enemy from practicing their system of torpedo warfare, which they had found to be so effectthe transport Maple-leaf offered another success for the Confederates, and was blown up by a torpedo, fifteen miles above Jacksonville — this being the highway to Palatka and above, where Federal troops were being constantly transported. The duty on the river became very hazardous, for a severe torpedo warfare was carried on in smed out by young officers, who showed great cleverness and gallantry in most of the planned expeditions undertaken, particularly in one by General Gordon, opposite Palatka — backed by the Navy; and, though they were of no great import, were always successful. It is pleasant to see that the Navy service was appreciated by the Army
7 Ware Bottom Church, Va. 3 Pinckney Island, S. C. 5 Petersburg, Va., June 16, 1864 16 Morris Island, S. C. 7 Deep Bottom, Va. 28 Fort Wagner, S. C. (assault) 12 New Market Road, Va., Oct. 7, 1864 5 Siege of Fort Wagner, S. C. 5 Darbytown Road, Va., Oct. 13, 1864 1 Chester Station, Va. 1 Charles City Road, Va., Oct. 27, 1864 8 Drewry's Bluff, Va. 66 Fort Fisher, N. C. 5 Bermuda Hundred, Va. 8 Sugar Loaf Hill, N. C. 1 Present, also, at Pocotaligo; St. John's River; Pilatka. notes.--Organized at Concord in August, 1861, and left the State on Sept. 3d. After a short stay, successively, at Long Island, Washington, Annapolis, and Fort Monroe, it arrived November 4th at Port Royal, S. C. Remaining at Hilton Head and its vicinity, the regiment was not under fire until the affair at Secessionville, June 16, 1862, where, under command of Colonel Jackson, it established a reputation for gallantry and efficiency. It took 623 officers and men into that action, sust
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