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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 14: Sherman's campaign in Georgia. (search)
for the great march to the sea was concentrated around that doomed city. The writer; accompanied by his traveling companions already mentioned (Messrs, Dreer and Greble), visited the theater of the Georgia campaign in 1834, from Dalton to Atlanta, in the delightful month of May, 1866. We left Chattanooga early on the morning of the 15th, May, 1866. by railway. After passing through the tunnel at the Missionaries' Ridge, we crossed the Chickamauga River several times before reaching Tunnel Hill, in Rocky Face Ridge. The country in that region was quite picturesque, but utterly desolate in appearance. Over it the great armies had marched, and left the horrid foot-prints of war. At Dalton, a once flourishing Georgia town, where Bragg and Johnston had their quarters for several months, we saw she first terrible effects of the campaign upon the works of man. Ruin Campaign from Dalton to Atlanta. was seen on every side; but on an eminence on the east of the railway, were heavy
ays rations in Dalton; to have sent the trains and engines to some place of safety beyond the Etowah; to have held our position until the arrival of Polk's Army, when a grand assault upon Sherman's left flank and rear could have been made near Tunnel Hill, by passing over the northern slope of Rocky-faced Ridge, with an Army of over seventy thousand (70,000) effectives, which might easily have been increased to seventy-five thousand (75,000) by lessening the extra duty men. This move, in my e Creek Gaps, the short line of retreat, since the railroad south of Kingston deflects greatly to the east One blow in rear of an army is always more to be feared than ten in front, and it would have required only a good roar of musketry, near Tunnel Hill, to have hastened the enemy back to the firing. I have too high a regard for General Sherman's sagacity, as a soldier, to believe that he would have moved the main body of his Army down the valley between Rocky-faced and Horn Mountains, in th
r successful resistance as soon as possible by assembling here the troops you enumerate. Again, Johnston's Narrative, page 296. I would have the troops assemble here without delay, to repel Grant's attack and then make our own. It is hereby evident that as long as General Johnston endeavored to obtain the transfer, to his own command, of Longstreet's Corps in Virginia, and of Polk's Army in Mississippi, he spoke continually of fighting at Dalton; when, however, Sherman appeared at Tunnel Hill, in front of Rockyfaced Ridge, and he was given an Army of over seventy thousand (70,000) available troops — as I have demonstrated — he decided to retreat. What followed at Resaca? Retreat. New Hope Church? Retreat. Cassville? Retreat. Kennesaw Mountain? Retreat. Would we have fought at Atlanta after our inglorious campaign, the abandonment of the mountain fastnesses, and the foreshadowed intention of our commander to fall back to Macon? I shall now glance at his two plans for the d
ne and then give battle. I accordingly decided to move further north and again strike his railroad between Resaca and Tunnel Hill, thoroughly destroy it, and then move in the direction of the Tennessee, via Lafayette and Gadsden, with no intent, hon miles below Rome; and moving up the west bank of the Oostenaula, hope to destroy his communications from Kingston to Tunnel Hill, forcing him to fall back or move south. If the latter, I shall move on his rear. If the former, I shall move to the finally acceded to at 4 p. m. The garrison consisted of about one thousand (1000) men. As the road between Resaca and Tunnel Hill had been effectually destroyed, the Army was put in motion the next morning in the direction of Gadsden, and camped tha (the 12th), completely destroying the railroad, including block houses from that point to within a short distance of Tunnel Hill; and about four miles of the Cleveland Railroad, capturing Dalton and all intermediate garrisons, with their stores, a
t one corps, from Atlanta to Marietta, threatening an advance in the direction of our position at Lost Mountain; but not deeming our Army in condition for a general engagement I withdrew it, on the 6th of October, to the westward, continuing to march daily, and crossed the Coosa river near Coosaville, and moved up the west bank of Oostenaula, and striking the railroad again between Resaca and Mill Creek Gap, just above Dalton, on the 13th of October, destroying the railroad from Resaca to Tunnel Hill, capturing the enemy's posts at Tilton, Dalton, and Mill Creek Gap, with about one thousand (1000) prisoners and some stores. I again withdrew the Army from the railroad, moving from the southwest towards Gadsden, Alabama, the enemy following and skirmishing constantly with our cavalry, then under the command of Major General Wheeler, who had joined the Army on the march just before it crossed the Coosa river. The Army reached Gadsden, Alabama, on the 20th of October, at which point G
d every good soldier to the front. Rosecrans estimates Bragg's entire force, when he had thus been strengthened, at 92,000--an enormous excess over ours — and there is no reasonable doubt that he had at length more men under his command than composed the army which was blindly, eagerly rushing upon him, as if intent on a deer-hunt rather than a life-and-death struggle with a wary and formidable foe. Crittenden advanced Sept. 11. to Ringgold, throwing forward Wilder's mounted men to Tunnel hill, where they had a heavy skirmish, while Hazen, with Criteenden's rear division, closed up on the advance; but, by this time, Negley's division, of Thomas's corps, advancing to Dug gap, Sept. 10. had found it decidedly held by the enemy, who could not be persuaded to leave. Baird's division came up next morning; but both together were far too light, and wisely fell back, after a smart skirmish, retreating down the cove. And now Crittenden, justly alarmed for his communications, made
. Davis, Johnson, and Baird, moved on the direct road to Dalton; Stanley's division, under Gen. Crufts, moving from Cleveland on our left, and forming a junction with Palmer just below Ringgold. The advance was resisted, but not seriously, at Tunnel Hill and at Rocky-Face ridge; whence Palmer pressed forward, against continually increasing resistance, to within two miles of Dalton ; where, hearing that the two Rebel divisions which were sent south had been brought back, and that all Johnston's (late Bragg's) army was on his hands, he fell back to Tunnel Hill, and ultimately to Ringgold; March 10. having lost 350 killed and wounded. The Rebel killed and wounded were but 200. Various inconsiderable collisions and raids on frontier posts occurred in southern Tennessee during the Winter and Spring ; in one of which, a steamboat on the Tennessee was captured and burnt by the enemy; but nothing of moment occurred until Forrest, at the head of 5,000 cavalry, advanced March 16. r
lbyville, Tenn., 409. Shenandoah, Va., 605. Shepherdstown, Md., 393. Solemn Grove, N. C., 705. Somerset, Ky., 427. Somerville, Tenn., 616. South Mills, N. C., 80 Spring Hill, Tenn., 284. Springfield, Mo., 447. Springfield, W. Va., 599. St. Charles, Ark., 554. Stony Creek, Va., 588. Strasburg, Va., 612. Suffolk, Va., 366. Sutherlands Depot, Va., 734. Talladega, Ala., 631. Tebb's Bend, Ky., 404. Thoroughfare Gap, Va., 183. Town Creek, N. C., 715. Trevilian's, Va., 582. Tunnel Hill, Ga., 618. Tupelo. Miss., 622. Turner's Gap, Md., 196. Tuseumbia, Ala., 285. Union City, Tenn., 618. Upperville, Va., 373. Valverde, N. M., 22. Washington City, 605. Washington, N. C., 482. Wauhatchie, Tenn., 434. Waynesboroa, Ga., 727. Weldon Road. Va., 592. West Point, Ga., 720. White Oak Ridge, Ga., 445. White Oak Road, Va., 731. Williston Station, S. C., 704. Wilson's Wharf, Va., 584. Winchester, Va., 135; do., do., 605. Wise's Forks, N. C., 716. Wood Lake, Min
orming of Fort Blakely, April 9, 1865, which was the last general engagement of the war. The Thirteenth Corps then moved to Selma, Ala., and thence to Galveston, Texas. Its existence terminated officially on the 20th of July, 1865. The men of the Thirteenth never wore any corps badge; neither was there any badge designated in official orders for their use. Fourteenth Corps. Chaplin Hills Knob Gap Stone's River Hoover's Gap Chickamauga Missionary Ridge Buzzard Roost Tunnel Hill Resaca Rome New Hope Church Kenesaw Mountain Peach Tree Creek Utoy Creek Siege of Atlanta Jonesboro Lovejoy's Station Sherman's March Siege of Savannah Averasboro Bentonville. The Fourteenth Corps was constituted under General Orders No. 168, Oct. 24, 1862, which directed that the troops in the Army of the Cumberland should be designated as the Fourteenth Corps, and that General Rosecrans be placed in command. These forces had hitherto been styled the Army of the Ohio, an
tt's Mills, Ga. 21 Brown's Ferry, Tenn. 2 Kenesaw Mountain, Ga. 5 Missionary Ridge, Tenn. 22 Atlanta, Ga. 2 Tunnel Hill, Ga. 1     Present, also, at Siege of Corinth; Liberty Gap; Adairsville; Peach Tree Creek; Jonesboro; Lovejoy's Sta2 Dallas, Ga. 3 Bentonville, N. C. 5 Present, also, at Siege of Corinth; Lancaster; Nolensville; Liberty Gap; Tunnel Hill; Rocky Face Ridge; Resaca; Savannah; The Carolinas. notes.--Organized at Madison, Ind., on the 15th of July, 1861, S. C. 1 Dallas, Ga. 1 Bentonville, N. C. 1 Kenesaw, Ga. 3     Present, also, at Lookout Mountain, Tenn.; Tunnel Hill, Ga.; New Hope Church, Ga.; Savannah, Ga.; The Carolinas. notes.--Recruited in La Salle County, and organized at OttawSmyrna Church, Ga. 5 Chickamauga, Ga. 48 Utoy Creek, Ga. 14 Missionary Ridge, Tenn. 2 Before Atlanta, Ga. 1 Tunnel Hill, Ga. 2 Jonesboro, Ga. 12 Resaca, Ga. 7     Present, also, at Lick Creek; Siege of Corinth; Munfordville; Peach T<
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