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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 5.35 (search)
the railroad without attempting Allatoona, of which I had personal knowledge acquired in 1844, I resolved to push on toward Atlanta by way of Dallas; Johnston quickly detected this, and forced me to fight him, May 25th-28th, at New Hope Church, four miles north of Dallas, with losses of 3000 to the Confederates and 2400 to us. The country was almost in a state of nature — with few or no roads, nothing that a European could understand; yet the bullet killed its victim there as surely as at Sevastopol. Johnston had meantime picked up his detachments, and had received reenforcements from his rear which raised his aggregate strength to 62,000 men, and warranted him in claiming that he was purposely drawing us far from our base, and that when the right moment should come he would turn on us and destroy us. We were equally confident, and not the least alarmed. He then fell back to his position at Marietta, with Brush Mountain on his right, Kenesaw his center, and Lost Mountain his left.
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, chapter 14 (search)
addressed to his troops, first published in St. Louis, in which he claimed that he had actually succeeded in making a lodgment in Vicksburg, but had lost it, owing to the fact that McPherson and Sherman did not fulfill their parts of the general plan of attack. This was simply untrue. The two several assaults made May 22d, on the lines of Vicksburg, had failed, by reason of the great strength of the position and the determined fighting of its garrison. I have since seen the position at Sevastopol, and without hesitation I declare that at Vicksburg to have been the more difficult of the two. Thereafter our proceedings were all in the nature of a siege. General Grant drew more troops from Memphis, to prolong our general line to the left, so as completely to invest the place on its land-side, while the navy held the river both above and below. General Mower's brigade of Tuttle's division was also sent across the river to the peninsula, so that by May 31st Vicksburg was completely
ning, being careful to clear that intersection at an early hour to-morrow morning. His right column will move by a settlement-road directly to Johnson, starting at seven A. M. to-morrow. 2. Major-General Blair will move on the Louisville road (starting his column at seven A. M. to-morrow or earlier, at his option) till he reaches the nearest parallel road to the railroad, on the south side, south of Williamson's swamp creek. He will follow this road till abreast of Station No. 10, (or Sevastopol,) where it is probable he will cross the Ogeechee. Major-General Sherman proposes to accompany this column in person. Headquarters will be at Johnson to-morrow night, the train moving with the leading division of right column. The herds of cattle (other than those belonging to divisions) will follow the right column to Johnson, a regiment from the rear division of which will remain at this point till every thing is passed, and will then follow on to Johnson, carefully guarding all
asher. The sap advances by a series of zigzags, so directed as not to be exposed to an enfilading fire from the fortress. The approaches and the parallels are made by sapping, and these sunken roads afford the means for conveying ordnance, ammunition, and stores to and from the advanced batteries, and for marching bodies of troops to and fro. Sand-bags, gabions, and fascines are employed as revetments or to crown the parapet formed by the excavated earth. The works in front of Sevastopol consisted of 70 miles of sunken trenches; and no less than 60,000 fascines, 80,000 gabions, and 1,000,000 sand-bags were employed to protect the men working in the trenches and at the different batteries. The double sap has a parapet at each side. Sap-boil′er. A furnace with pans for evaporating the sap of the maple. See evaporator, pages 811-813. Sap-buck′et. (Sugar-manufacture.) A bucket for receiving the sap of the sugar-maple as it runs from the tree. Tin pans, earth<
ve which commands the airduct. Tre′nail. A wooden pin employed in certain situations in preference to iron or copper bolts. See treenail. Trench. 1. (Fortification.) An excavation to cover the advance of a besieging force. It generally proceeds in a zigzag form, connecting the parallels and advanced batteries, and is 6 to 10 feet wide, 3 feet deep, the earth excavated forming a parapet on the side exposed to the fire of the fortress. 70 miles of trenches were excavated at Sevastopol. See Ap-Proach; zigzag. The approach to fortified places by trenches or parallels was used by Mahomet II. They were mentioned, however, by Caesar in the siege of Marseilles; by Diodorus Siculus in that of Aegina; by Livy; and are represented on the column of Trajan and arch of Severus. 2. A ditch for drainage. Trench-cart. (Fortification.) A cart adapted to traverse the trenches with ordnance, stores, and ammunition. Trench-cav-a-lier′. (Fortification.) A high par
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 58: the battle-flag resolution.—the censure by the Massachusetts Legislature.—the return of the angina pectoris. —absence from the senate.—proofs of popular favor.— last meetings with friends and constituents.—the Virginius case.—European friends recalled.—1872-1873. (search)
Works, vol. XV. p. 255. This proposition accorded with the practice of civilized nations, ancient and modern. Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, article Triumphus. Mr. Schurz, in his eulogy on Sumner, in Boston, April 29, 1874, illustrated the practice of modern nations thus: The Irishman, when fighting for old England at Waterloo, was not to behold on the red cross floating above him the name of the Boyne. The Scotch Highlander, when standing in the trenches of Sevastopol, was not by the colors of his regiment to be reminded of Culloden. No French soldier at Austerlitz or Solferino had to read upon the tricolor any reminiscence of the Vendee. No Hungarian at Sadowa was taunted by any Austrian banner with the surrender of Villagos. No German regiment from Saxony or Hanover, charging tinder the iron hail of Gravelotte, was made to remember by words written on a Prussian standard that the Black Eagle had conquered them at Koniggratz and Langensalza. Sumner,
t of Arsenic,) is peculiarly fitted for military purposes, although its use has been entirely neglected. A thin shell of iron filled with this material, and fired from a gun, would explode only on striking its mark, when the Alkarsin would take fire, burning with a fierce flame and emitting dense volumes of the most deadly poisonous gases. Such a weapon would never fail to reduce any fortress or stronghold in the shortest possible time. 'Rongases' or explosives on the Jacobi principle, are very valuable in coast and fortification defences. The explosive material consists of chlorate of potash and sugar, which when brought in contact with sulphuric acid, instantly explodes with great violence. These last were used very extensively in the Russian War for the defence of both Sevastopol and Kronstadt. If you think proper to call attention to these suggestions, and it should be desirable to make use of these weapons, they can be furnished to the State by a competent Chemist.
the same time complain that the Postmaster-General is too exacting, too formal and precise, too rigid in requiring performance of duties. In the next breath these men will probably declare that we have a first-rate Postmaster-General, and the best Secretary of War in the world; and if anybody questions it, will pounce down upon him and denounce him as a traitor to the South. Worst of all, however, in the opinion of these men, is the dilatory conduct of our officers. They could take Sevastopol with a pop gun, or storm Gibraltar with a pocket pistol: and what are Fort Pickens, and Fortress Monroe, and the broad Potomac, and Arlington Heights, and the other many fortifications around Washington, and superior numbers, and better armed men, and a powerful fleet, to men so bellicose in speech or in print. All these disadvantages and inequalities they would wipe off with a dash of the pen, or send post haste to the devil by the potency of a tremendous oath. Uncle Toby's soldiers