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man, but especially one who professes to be a minister of the Gospel, should entertain, gave Johnson his liberty, on his parole of honor, the conditions of which were that he should not leave the town. He, however, regardless of his honor or his professed religion, left the place, and is, no doubt, now, with a violated oath, endeavoring to incite others to rebellion. Johnson's horse, which is represented to be a very fine one, was, however, taken, and we trust it will be used by those who are not only true to their country, but true to their word and honor. Two other horses were taken, several guns, two drums, a set of gunsmith tools, &c. There being no particular advantage in holding the place, our troops returned to camp on Wednesday, with the loss of not one man or one wounded. There were eight prisoners brought into camp, three of whom were sent to Columbus; the remainder will be kept until Colonel Zeigler returns. He is now at Wheeling.--Castleburg (Ky.) Advocate, August 28.
. We had quite an exciting time here yesterday. Late in the afternoon the fleet of gunboats arrived here bringing important news from Hickman, Kentucky, and other points. Yesterday morning the Tyler and Lexington, before stationed at Columbus, Kentucky, went down to Hickman, Kentucky, on a reconnoitring expedition, but hardly expecting to meet an enemy. On approaching within a short distance of the town, before turning the bend which brings it into full view, they discovered a small stf their fire, where he could have a fare shake at her. He ran up a short distance for that purpose, the Yankee following until she came to the land battery, where she stopped under its guns. Commodore Rodgers then ran up with his two boats. At Columbus, at the upper part of the town, they were fired on from the bluff by rebels with muskets. Several balls struck the sides of the boats, and one went through the commander's gig. A couple of shell were pitched at them, which fell among them, and
me, and inheritance of no particular people, of no nation, clime, kindred, or color under heaven. (Great applause.) This cause is the cause of constitutional liberty, and the rights of universal humanity. (Applause.) I am no prophet and no prophet's son; I dare not attempt to cast a horoscope of the future, but I believe in the abiding providence of Almighty God. I know — if aught that tests our human belief, or even human consciousness, can be spoken of as knowledge — that He who guided Columbus over the seas, He who led our fathers to the New England shores, He who preserved them from the dangers of the seas, and the dangers of the wilderness, and the dangers of savage tribes, He who planted the acorn of the great tree of liberty on the unhospitable shore of Plymouth, and has watered it and blessed it, and has led us up till now to the storms of battle, through all the trials that opposed a nation's childhood and youth, will never desert the faithful and tried in the graver and se
thousand people are left. The most perfect terror of a battle and of the burning of the city seemed to prevail. In the mean time our troops were reinforced rapidly. On Saturday part of Colonel Oglesby's Eighth regiment, the Forty-first Illinois, and the American Zouave regiment, from Cape Girardeau, were poured in, increasing our force to about five thousand effective men. From the most reliable reports recently received at that point there is no rebel force short of Union City and Columbus, and no immediate attack on Paducah is apprehended. Gen. C. F. Smith is now commanding at Paducah. At Cairo the greatest military activity prevails. A very large force is being rapidly formed in and quartered either here, at Bird's Point, or at the new camp on the Kentucky side, called Camp Holt. This last-named camp was established yesterday, and a heavy battery erected so as to command the Ohio and Mississippi opposite Bird's Point. Fortifications are also being rapidly thrown up h
e following despatches by telegraph from General Leonidas Polk, which I deem proper to lay before you. B. Magoffin. Columbus, Ky., Sept. 9, 1861. Gov. B. Magoffin: A military necessity having required me to occupy this town, I have taken possesmy proclamation I have the honor to transmit you by mail. Respectfully, Leonidas Polk, Major-General Commanding. Columbus, Ky., Sept. 9, 1861. Gov. B. Magoffin, Frankfort, Ky.: I should have despatched you immediately as the troops under my ere will do, that I had information, on which I could rely, that the Federal forces intended and were preparing to seize Columbus. I need not describe the danger resulting to West Tennessee from such success. Realizing my responsibility, I could no, the Federal troops were formed in formidable numbers in position upon the opposite bank, with their cannon turned upon Columbus; the citizens of the town had fled with terror, and not a word of assurance of safety or protection had been addressed t
another of the ever-multiplying proofs that the war, which is one for national existence, does not seek to extinguish or interfere with slavery as established in the States. If this institution suffers detriment from the events or issues of the rebellion, the blow will come from those who, under the pretence of defending it, are striking at the life of a Government under whose Constitution it has enjoyed complete shelter and protection for three-quarters of a century. The occupation of Columbus by armed Tennesseeans, under the leadership of Bishop Polk and Pillow, has excited no surprise here where the unscrupulous character and ultimate aims of the rebel chieftains are well understood. So long as Kentucky maintained that most illusory of all attitudes — neutrality — and carefully guarded an extended and exposed position of the frontier of the Rebel Government — in a word, so long as she subserved the purposes of the conspirators seeking the overthrow of the Republic, and gave re<
r had his cap knocked off by a piece of a shell, and hundreds of others had cannon-balls and shells whiz by them in uncomfortable proximity. It is astonishing how near a soldier can come to being killed and yet remain unhurt. With one exception, the prisoners taken have a healthy appearance. There are Georgians, Arkansians, and Virginians among them. They are treated with kindness, and seem to be thankful for their lives. They were sent to Beverly jail to-day, and will probably go to Columbus. Gen. Reynolds accomplished all he sought by the movement. His loss was small, and he now thoroughly understands the position of the enemy before him. When he gets ready to move forward, he can take that position without trouble. Lieut. Anderson, of Cincinnati, aid to Gen. Reynolds, exhibited great bravery in conveying the orders of his chief. He was constantly galloping over the ground through showers of shot. Capt. McDonald, of Indiana, also aid to the General, was subjected to t
u this communication, and to know your pleasure in regard to my proposition. The principles recognized in the exchange of prisoners effected on the third of September, between Brigadier-General Pillow, of the Confederate Army, and Colonel Wallace, of the United States Army, are those I propose as the basis of that now contemplated. Respectfully, your obedient servant, L. Polk, Major-General Commanding. To which communication General Grant forwarded the following reply: Headquarters Department southeast Missouri, Cairo, Oct. 14, 1861. General: Yours of this date is just received. In regard to an exchange of prisoners, as proposed, I can of my own accordance make none. I recognize no Southern Confederacy myself, but will communicate with higher authorities for their views. Should I not be sustained, I will find means of communicating with you. Respectfully, your obedient servant, U. S. Grant, Brigadier-General Commanding. To Major-General Polk, Columbus, Ky.
sting correspondence relative to the exchange of prisoners at Columbus, Kentucky: Gen. M'Clernand to Col. Buford. Brigade Headquarters,r, and, under the protection of a flag of truce, proceed to Columbus, in Kentucky, and there making known your mission to the commanding offiarters, camp Cairo, Oct. 23, 1861. To the Commanding Officer at Columbus, Ky.: sir: The chances of the present unhappy war having left in rd the steam-tug Sampson, to Maj.-General Polk, commanding at Columbus, Kentucky. I was received by the General with true military courtesy, occurrence. I left Cairo at twenty minutes past twelve, reached Columbus at two P. M., parted company with General Polk on the steamboat Chn. M'Clernand. Headquarters First Division Western Department, Columbus, Ky., Oct. 23, 1861. Brig.-Gen. John A. McClernand, Commanding, Cairs communication to the officer commanding the hostile forces at Columbus, Ky., accompanied by return of the persons therein named. 2. Copy
he Government at Washington, aided by their Kentucky sympathizers. The pretended reason for the military occupation of the State, founded on the occupation of Columbus by Confederate troops, is uncandid and false. For, besides the fact that the invasion of Kentucky was a foregone conclusion at Washington, and that camps of soldiers were under arms in our midst to invade Tennessee, it is notorious that General Grant left Cairo to seize Paducah before the occupation of Columbus, while, in taking the latter place, the Confederate troops anticipated the Federal troops by less than an hour. For further proof of the insincerity of the false clamor about the invasion from Tennessee, the Confederate commander announced to your authorities that he occupied Columbus purely in self-defence, and stood ready at any moment to withdraw simultaneously with the Federal forces. To say that the Washington Government had a right to invade the State, is to say that you had no right to be neutral;
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