in the Confederate service.
On September 5th he began moving his forces northward, violating the neutrality of Kentucky by occupying the town of Hickman, on the Mississippi, within that State.
The movement did not pass unobserved; the Union commander at Cairo had, with equal vigilance, been studying the possibilities of the river system in his neighborhood.
On the following day, Brigadier-General Grant proceeded, with two gunboats and an infantry force, to take possession of the town of Paducah, at the confluence of the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers with the Ohio — a movement which bore important fruit a few months later.
General Polk, on his part still marching northward, reached and occupied Columbus, on the Mississippi, on September 7th.
Having hastily procured the endorsement of this step from Jefferson Davis, General Polk, on the 9th, formally notified Governor Magoffin of his presence in Kentucky.
By this time also, the Unionists of the State had completed and compa
by secessionists, 16; S. Carolina Commissioners treat for delivery of, 27
Nelson, Lieut., William, U. S. N., 131 et seq.
New York City, proposition for secession of, 71; war meeting in, 92
New York Seventh Regiment, 103
Norfolk Navy Yard, 83; destroyed, 96
North Carolina, attitude of, with regard to secession, 1, 80
North, its misapprehension of Southern opinion, 71 et seq.
Ohio levies, 128
Ohio, Military Department of the, 140
Ohio River, 127
Palmetto flag, 32
Patterson, General, Robert, 155; map of his campaign, 159; indecision of, 161; Scott's orders to, 163 et seq.
Pawnee, the, 110
Pegram, Colonel, 147
Peirpont, F. H., Governor, 145
Pensacola, 38, 79
Pennsylvania, Military Department of, 155
Philippi, 143 et seq.; battle of, 144, 146 et seq.
Phillips, Wendell, 76
Pickens, Fort, at Pensacola, 16, 38, 51, 53
Pickens, Franois W., Governor of South Carolina, 5, 32; dem
. J. Smith's expeditions will appear in Vol.
XXXIX. During the months of March and April this same force under Forrest annoyed us considerably.
On the 24th of March it captured Union City, Ky., and its garrison, and on the 24th [25th] attacked Paducah, commanded by Col. S. G. Hicks, Fortieth Illinois Volunteers. Colonel Hicks having but a small force, withdrew to the forts near the river, from where he repulsed the enemy and drove him from the place.
On the 13th of April part of this force, ck in the afternoon, when the enemy carried the works by assault, and, after our men threw down their arms, proceeded to an inhuman and merciless massacre — of the garrison.
On the 14th General Buford, having failed at Columbus, appeared before Paducah, but was again driven off.
For subordinate reports of Forrest's expedition into West Tennessee and Kentucky, see Vol.
XXXII, Part I, p. 501.
Guerrillas and raiders, seemingly emboldened by Forrest's operations, were also very active in Ken