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n were matured and enacted in the course of that and the two following sessions. A treaty between the Great Powers of Western Europe, intended to provide for the more effectual suppression of the African Slave-Trade, was matured and signed at Paris in 1841. It necessarily accorded a qualified reciprocal right to search suspected cruisers to the National vessels of the subscribing parties. Gen. Cass, then our Envoy at Paris, and a prospective candidate for President, resisted and defeated Paris, and a prospective candidate for President, resisted and defeated the accession of our Government to this most righteous and necessary increase of power to the international police of the ocean, and earned thereby the qualified approbation of the Slave Power; as was evinced in the Presidential election of 1848. A similar treaty was now negotiated between the United States and Great Britain; and a bill designed to give effect to its provisions was reported June 12, 1862. to the Senate by Mr. Sumner, considered, and passed: June 16. Yeas 34; Nays 4. The
ng negroes among their troops ; and thereupon offering to pay for all negroes taken in arms, and guaranteeing, to every one who should desert the Rebel standard, full security to follow within these lines any occupation which he shall think proper. Lord Cornwallis, during his Southern campaign, proclaimed freedom to all slaves who would join him; and his subordinates — Tarleton especially — took away all who could be induced to accompany them. Jefferson, in a letter to Dr. Gordon, Dated Paris, July 16, 1788. estimates that this policy cost Virginia no less than 30,000 slaves in one year; most of them dying soon of small-pox and camp-fever. Thirty were carried off by Tarleton from Jefferson's own homestead; and Jefferson characteristically says: Letter to Gordon aforesaid. Had this been to give them freedom, he would have done right. The War of 1812 with Great Britain was much shorter than that of the Revolution, and was not, like that, a struggle for life or death. Yet,
ce, the advantage of little depth of water of the Potomac River, its ease or difficulty of access, had nothing to do with the location of the capital. The port of Annapolis in Chesapeake Bay was the port and harbor of Washington, as Havre was of Paris, and it was situated about the same distance from the capital as Havre was from Paris. That while the port of Annapolis was held, the whole country would have access to Washington in a most certain and easy manner, especially for the conveyance Paris. That while the port of Annapolis was held, the whole country would have access to Washington in a most certain and easy manner, especially for the conveyance of troops, as the great bays Delaware and Chesapeake were in precise and easy connection with it. Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads would protect the fleets of the world, and it was not thought desirable among military men, in looking at the defence of a capital, to have it situated close upon the shores of large open seas where it would always be at the mercy of naval attacks and raids of troops by water. The very difficulty of getting up the Potomac, and the ease with which war vessels could
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, Chapter 8: from the battle of Bull Run to Paducah--Kentucky and Missouri. 1861-1862. (search)
I explained to you fully, when here, the supposed position of our adversaries, among which was a force in the valley of Big Sandy, supposed to be advancing on Paris, Kentucky. General Nelson at Maysville was instructed to collect all the men he could, and Colonel Gill's regiment of Ohio Volunteers. Colonel Harris was already in poshence in wagons to his several regiments. He is forced to hire transportation. Brigadier-General Nelson is operating by the line from Olympian Springs, east of Paris, on the Covington & Lexington Railroad, toward Prestonburg, in the valley of the Big Sandy. where is assembled a force of from twenty-five to thirty-five hundred shington, D. C.: Dispatch just received. We are forced to operate on three lines, all dependent on railroads of doubtful safety, requiring strong guards. From Paris to Prestonburg, three Ohio regiments and some militia — enemy variously reported from thirty-five hundred to seven thousand. From Lexington toward Cumberland Gap,
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 23 (search)
reets perfectly regular, crossing each other at right angles; and at many of the intersections were small inclosures in the nature of parks. These streets and parks were lined with the handsomest shade-trees of which I have knowledge, viz., the willowleaf live-oak, evergreens of exquisite beauty; and these certainly entitled Savannah to its reputation as a handsome town more than the houses, which, though comfortable, would hardly make a display on Fifth Avenue or the Boulevard Haussmann of Paris. The city was built on a plateau of sand about forty feet above the level of the sea, abutting against the river, leaving room along its margin for a street of stores and warehouses. The customhouse, court-house, post-office, etc., were on the plateau above. In rear of Savannah was a large park, with a fountain, and between it and the court-house was a handsome monument, erected to the memory of Count Pulaski, who fell in 1779 in the assault made on the city at the time it was held by the
Cynthiana, where they were thrown for concealment. Morgan himself admitted, at Paris, a loss here of twenty-four killed and seventy-eight wounded, and that of sevenessee, side and arm; W. C. Borin, Logan Co., Ky., shoulder; George T. Arnold, Paris, Ky., right thigh and shoulder, dangerous; Vesy Price, lungs, dangerous; J. H. Est, thigh; Henry Elden, Lexington, Ky., arm. Nine of their wounded are also at Paris, besides a number left along the road between this place and Richmond, Ky., to as marched at once to the Covington and Lexington depot, and put on a train for Paris. I was placed by Col. Jones under command of Capt. Whittlesey, senior Captain,he last of my company, at four A. M., Wednesday. Captain Whittlesey went on to Paris, from whence he said he would send us rations and orders by two o'clock P. M., e, Morgan, with his band of yelling hounds, left this place, bound southward to Paris, bearing away the majority of his wounded. He left eighteen in care of our sur
in command. Receiving orders to move towards Paris, and distribute my force at the different stations, to guard bridges, I proceeded to Paris, which place was reached at two o'clock in the night. enth Kentucky regiment, and the home guards of Paris, numbering sixty-seven men, infantry. There waysville district, making a total of forces in Paris, as reported to me, of two hundred and thirty- Ayres, commanding the brigade guards, between Paris and Cynthiana, to join me with his forces at PParis. I also telegraphed to Gen. Ward, at Lexington, the position of affairs, and asked for reinforcements to hold Paris. He answered that I should send to him at Lexington all the men I could spao the Lexington hospital. We moved on towards Paris, and at dark encamped five miles from the towng eight prisoners. Arriving at the entrance to Paris, our column was halted. The centre, composed ington at night. I rode over with Dr. Bush to Paris that night, and found that the men left in cha[2 more...]
Seventh Kentucky cavalry, under Col. Metcalfe, together with a battalion of Houck's Third Tennessee regiment, under Lieut.-Colonel Childs, attacked the enemy on Big Hill, in Rockcastle County. Col. Metcalfe led the attack with much gallantry, but had the mortification to find that not more than one hundred of his regiment followed him; the remainder, at the first cannonshot, turned tail and fled like a pack of cowards, and are now dispersed over a half-dozen counties, some fleeing as far as Paris. All provost-marshals are hereby ordered to arrest and commit to jail any of this regiment, officers or men, who may be found, under any pretence, to be in their neighborhoods, and report their names and rank to the Adjutant-General at these headquarters, and to hold them subject to orders. The conduct of the Tennessee battalion, under Lieut.-Col. Childs, presents a refreshing contrast to the foregoing. They met the enemy bravely, checked his advance, rescued Col. Metcalfe, abandoned
s now from below, and will go down, if necessary, to that point. Captain Pennock will send gunboats. If lost, it will be retaken immediately. I was informed, in reply, that Fort Pillow had no guns or garrison; had been evacuated; that General Hurlbut had force for its defence, etc. I understand that Fort Pillow had been evacuated and reoccupied, General Sherman not being aware of it. On the fourteenth he again instructed me as follows: What news from Columbus? Don't send men from Paris to Fort Pillow. Let General Hurlbut take care of that quarter. The Cairo troops may reenforce temporarily at Paducah and Columbus, but should be held ready to come up the Tennessee. One object that Forrest has is to induce us to make these detachments, and prevent our concentrating in this quarter. Question. Did you have any conversation with General Shepley in relation to the condition of the garrison at Fort Pillow when he passed by that point? If so, state what he said. What force
Others, from motives of taste and profit, have adorned our highways with forest-trees, whose summer shade will soon shelter the fashionable lady in her morning promenade, and the weary animals in their noonday labor. Streets in Medford have received the following names: High, Main, Forest, Salem, Ashland, Oakland, Washington, Fountain, Fulton, Court, Cross, Park, Pleasant, Purchase, South, Middlesex, Water, Ship, Canal, Cherry, Webster, Almont, Cottage, Ash, Oak, Chestnut, Grove, Garden, Paris, Chaplin, Mystic, Brooks, Allston, Vernon, Irving, Auburn, Prescott, West, Laurel. Appropriation for highways from Feb. 1, 1850, to Feb. 1, 1851$1,500.00 Appropriation for highways from Feb. 15, 1854, to Feb. 15, 1855$1,800.00 Expenses of street lamps for the same times$323.75 Bridges. The bridge across Mystic River, in the centre of Medford, is the first that was built over this stream. This primitive structure was exceedingly rude, and dangerously frail. March 4, 1634: The G
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