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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 15: the Maryland campaign. (search)
t-hand road, marched through Burkittsville, and halted for the night at the east base of the mountain, near Crampton's and Brownsville Passes. Near Crampton's Pass on the west the mountain unfolds into two parallel ridges, the eastern, the general range of South Mountain, the western, Elk Ridge, opening out Pleasant Valley, about three miles from crest to crest. Crampton's is the northern of the two passes, and about eight miles south of Turner's. One mile south of Crampton is the Brownsville Pass, and four miles from that the river pass, which cuts in between the Blue Ridge of Virginia and South Mountain of Maryland. Through the river pass the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, the canal, and the Fredericktown turnpike reach out to the west, and at the pass is the little town of Riverton. Between Riverton and Harper's Ferry was the hamlet Sandy Hook, occupied by about fifteen hundred Federal troops. Two roads wind through Pleasant Valley, one close under South Mountain, the othe
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 17: preliminaries of the great battle. (search)
our hundred prisoners, seven hundred stand of arms, and one gun were their trophies in this affair. General Franklin's total loss was five hundred and thirty-three. Rebellion Record, vol. XIX. part i. p. 183. General McLaws had ordered General Cobb's brigade and the other regiments of Mahone's to reinforce the troops at the gap, but they only came up as the Federals were making their sweeping charge, and were driven back with their discomfited comrades. General Semmes's brigade at the Brownsville Pass, a mile south, with five or six guns, attempted to relieve their comrades, but the range was too great for effective work. That McLaws was not prepared for the sudden onslaught is evident from the assurances made him by the cavalry commander. His orders for Cobb were severe enough, but Franklin was too prompt to allow Cobb to get to work. Upon hearing the noise of battle, he followed his orders, riding with General Stuart, but the game was played before he could take part in it. N
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 18: Lee's invasion of Maryland, and his retreat toward Richmond. (search)
ar from No. 3, Burnside's. corps was posted. Upon a ridge of the first line of hills east of Antietam, between the turnpike and Pry's house, and in front of Sumner and Hooker, batteries of 24-pounder Parrott guns, commanded by Captains Taft, Langner, and Von Kleizer, and Lieutenant Weaver, were planted. On the crest of the hill, above bridge No. 3, were batteries under Captain Weed and Lieutenant Benjamin. Franklin's corps and Couch's division were farther down in Pleasant Valley, near Brownsville, and Morrell's division of Porter's corps was approaching from Boonsborough, and Humphrey's from Frederick. A detachment of the Signal Corps, under Major Myer, had a station on Red Ridge, a spur of South Mountain, which overlooked the Signal-Station on Red Hills. entire field of operations, and from that point it performed very important service. Such was the general position of the contending armies on the 16th of September. The Confederates opened an artillery fire on the Nation
occupy Rohrersville, and to endeavor to relieve Harper's Ferry. Burnside and Porter, upon reaching the road from Boonsboro to Rohrersville, were to reenforce Franklin or move on Sharpsburgh, according to circumstances. Franklin moved toward Brownsville, and found there a force largely superior in numbers to his own, drawn up in a strong position to receive him. Here the total cessation of firing in the direction of Harper's Ferry indicated but too clearly the shameful and premature surrendervertheless, rallied in the woods. The enemy's advance was, however, entirely checked by the destructive fire of our artillery. Franklin, who had been directed the day before to join the main army with two divisions, arrived on the field from Brownsville about an hour after, and Smith's division replaced Crawford's and Sedgwick's lines. Advancing steadily, it swept over the ground just lost, but now permanently retaken. The divisions of French and Richardson maintained with considerable loss
therefore, respectfully submitted that this communication be regarded as a supplement to that report. I am, Major, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, Paul J. Semmes, Brigadier-General. Report of Brigadier-General Barksdale of battle of Sharpsburg. headquarters Barksdale's brigade, A. N. V., camp Lee, October 12, 1862. Major J. M. Goggin, Assistant Adjutant-General, McLaws's Division: Major: On the morning of the thirteenth of September, I marched, at daylight, to Brownsville, where it was supposed the enemy designed making an attack upon our troops. After I reached that place, it was discovered that the enemy had disappeared, and the whole command was ordered to rejoin the main army. We reached its vicinity, in the neighborhood of Sharpsburg, about nine o'clock on the morning of the seventeenth. The battle was then, and had been raging for several hours. It is proper for me to say that a portion of my men had fallen by the wayside from loss of sleep and e
il we had carried the mountain-passes and were in condition to send a detachment to his relief. The left was therefore ordered to move through Crampton's Pass in front of Burkittsville, while the centre and right marched upon Turner's Pass in front of Middletown. It may be asked, by those who are not acquainted with the topography of the country in the vicinity of Harper's Ferry, why Franklin, instead of marching his column over the circuitous road from Jefferson via Burkittsville and Brownsville, was not ordered to move along the direct turnpike to Knoxville, and thence up the river to Harper's Ferry. It was for the reason that I had received information that the enemy were anticipating our approach in that direction, and had established batteries on the south side of the Potomac which commanded all the approaches to Knoxville. Moreover, the road from that point winds directly along the river-bank at the foot of a precipitous mountain, where there was no opportunity of formin
achment, and endeavor to relieve Harper's Ferry. Gens. Burnside and Porter, upon reaching the road from Boonsborough to Rohrersville, were to reinforce Franklin or to move on Sharpsburg, according to circumstances. Franklin moved towards Brownsville and found there a force of the enemy, much superior in numbers to his own, drawn up in a strong position to receive him. At this time the cessation of firing at Harper's Ferry indicated the surrender of that place. The cavalry overtook tdge over the Antietam. the crest of the hill in the rear and right of bridge No. 3, Capt. Weed's 3-inch and Lieut. Benjamin's 20-pounder batteries. Gen. Franklin's corps and Gen. Couch's division held a position in Pleasant Valley in front of Brownsville, with a strong force of the enemy in their front. Gen. Morell's division of Porter's corps was en route from Boonsborough, and Gen. Humphreys's division of new troops en route from Frederick, Md. About daylight on the 16th the enemy opened a
gton, 1861, 80, 81, 89, 96, 138 ; his division, 141, 142 ; withdrawn, 164, 282. Bolivar Heights, W. Va., 560, 627. Boonsborough, Md., 561, 564, 572, 573, 584. Bottom's bridge, Va, 348, 360, 362, 363, 377. Bowen, Lieut. N., 125. Bragg, Gen. B., 39. Bramhall, Capt., 428. Branch, Gen., 374. 375. Brentsville, Va., 232. Brick House, Va., 303, 304. Brooks, Gen. W. T., at Yorktown, 285, 300, 301 ; Savage's Station, 428 ; Maryland, 503, 600, 613. Brooks, Col., 427, 595, 596. Brownsville, Md., 560, 584. Bruin, Col., 74. Buckhannon, W. Va., 58-60. Buckingham, Gen. C. P., 651, 652, 660. Buckner, Gen. S., interview with McClellan, 49 ; version of interview, 49, 58 ; in West, 201. Buell, Gen. D. C, at Washington, 1861, 81, 96, 107, 138, 139 ; in West, 202, 209, 210, 214, 243 ; Peninsula, 234, 239. Bull Run, Va , battle of, preventable, 47 ; results, 49, 71. Bunker Hill, Va., 191-195. Burke, Col., 597, 598. Burkittsville, Md., 560-562. Burns, Gen. W. W., 428 432.
ford's and Sedgwick's lines yielded to a destructive fire of the Confederates in the wood, suffering extremely, and, their leaders both being wounded, fell back in some confusion; yet they rallied in the wood. It was now one o'clock, P. M.; at this moment of extreme need Gen. Franklin arrived with Smith's and Slocum's divisions of the Sixth Corps, and their artillery. We had come through the gap, over to Keedysville, across the Antietam at that place, arrived between twelve and one at Brownsville, and then pushed forward to the aid of the right wing. The destructive fire of the artillery now prevented the enemy from pursuing his temporary advantage at the moment that Crawford's and Sedgwick's lines rallied. These were immediately replaced by the two fresh divisions of the Sixth Corps, whose infantry, advancing steadily, followed by its artillery, which came into position in the cornfield beyond the belt of woods on its north side, and swept over the ground just lost, now permane
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Index. (search)
1 Browning's Court-House, Ga.: Vicinity of, July, 1864 45, 4 Brownsburg, Va. 81, 6; 100, 1; 137, E2 Brown's Ferry, Ala. 24, 3; 149, E5, 149, G8 Brown's Ferry, Tenn. 35, 6; 47, 8; 49, 1, 49, 2; 50, 1; 57, 1; 97, 1; 101, 1; 149, C10 Vicinity of, Oct. 26-29, 1863 50, 1 Brown's Gap, Va. 74, 1; 81, 4; 84, 9; 85, 1, 85, 5, 85, 28; 94, 2; 100, 1; 137, D4 Brownsville, Ark. 47, 1; 135-A; 154, B4; 159, A13 Brownsville, Ky. 118, 1; 150, D7 Brownsville, Md. 27, 3; 74, 1; 100, 1; 116, 2; 136, E6 Brownsville, Miss. 36, 1; 51, 1; 71, 15; 117, 1; 155, C9 Brownsville, Tenn. 117, 1; 135-A; 153, H11; 171 Brownsville, Tex. 43, 8; 54, 1; 65, 10; 171 Browntown, Va. 94, 2 Brucetown, Va. 81, 4; 85, 11, 85, 12; 94, 2 Bruin Lake, La. 155, D6 Brunswick, Ga. 117, 1; 135-A; 145, D11; 171 Brunswick, Mo. 135-A; 152, B2; 161, B14 Brunswick River, N. C.: Obstructions, Feb. 7, 1865 68, 7 Brush M
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