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rtillery, under command of Brig.-Gen. Hampton and Cols. W. H. F. Lee and Jones. This force rendezvoused at Darkesville at 12 o'clock, and marched thence to the vicinity of Hedgesville, where it camped for the night. At daylight next morning (October 10th) I crossed the Potomac at McCoy's (between Williamsport and Hancock) with some little opposition, capturing two or three horses of the enemy's pickets. We were told here by the citizens that a large force had camped the night before at Clear Spring, and were supposed to be en route for Cumberland. We proceeded northward until we reached the turnpike leading from Hagerstown to Hancock (known as the National Road). Here a signal station on the mountain and most of the party, with their flags and apparatus, were surprised and captured, and also eight or ten prisoners of war, from whom, as well as from citizens, I learned that the large force alluded to had crossed but an hour ahead of me towards Cumberland, and consisted of six regime
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The burning of Chambersburg. (search)
northern side of the Potomac were captured, and the troops crossed just at daylight on the morning of the 30th, and moved out and formed the line of march on the National road. Major Gilmer drove the Federal cavalry from the small village of Clear Spring, and pushed on toward Hagerstown to create the impression that the rest of the troops were following. At Clear Spring we left the National road and turned north on the Mercersburg road. We reached Mercersburg about dark, and stopped to feed Clear Spring we left the National road and turned north on the Mercersburg road. We reached Mercersburg about dark, and stopped to feed our horses, and to give time for the stragglers to come up. After this stop the march was continued all night, notwithstanding the opposition made at every available point by a regiment of Federal cavalry. Major Sweeney, with his cavalry battalion, kept the roads clear, and we reached Chambersburg at daylight on the 31st. The approach to the town was defended only by one piece of artillery and some irregular troops that were soon driven off, and the advance of our force took possession of the
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 43: the burning of Chambersburg. (search)
and hoped the payment of such a sum would have the effect of causing the adoption of a different policy. McCausland was also directed to proceed from Chambersburg towards Cumberland, Maryland, and levy contributions in money upon that and other towns able to bear them, and if possible destroy the machinery of the coal pits near Cumberland and the machine shops, depots and bridges on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad as far as practicable. On the 29th, McCausland crossed the Potomac near Clear Spring above Williamsport, and I moved with Rodes' and Ramseur's divisions and Vaughan's cavalry to the latter place, while Imboden demonstrated with his and Jackson's cavalry towards Harper's Ferry, in order to draw attention from McCausland. Breckenridge remained at Martinsburg and continued the destruction of the railroad. Vaughan drove a force of cavalry from Williamsport, and went into Hagerstown, where he captured and destroyed a train of cars loaded with supplies. One of Rodes' brigade
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Index. (search)
37, 475 Chantilly, 129 Charles City Court-House, 73 Charlestown, 136, 164, 240, 369, 406, 408, 409, 411, 413, 414, 419, 424 Charlottesville, 340, 341, 371, 372, 378, 393, 401, 435, 458, 464, 465 C. & 0. Canal, 42, 134, 383, 414, 456 Chester Gap, 238, 285, 457 Chickahominy, 76,77,87,89,155,361 Chilton, Colonel R. H., 200, 201 Chinn's House, 23, 25, 28 Chisholm, Colonel, 17, 26 Christie, Captain C. W., 187 Clarke County, 366, 369 Clark's Mountain, 303 Clear Spring, 402 Clifton Forge, 328, 331, 380 Cobb's Brigade, 149 Cocke, Colonel Ph. St. G., 3, 4, 5, 16, 26. 31, 32, 35, 38, 41 Codorus, 261 Cold Harbor, 76, 361, 362, 363, 371, 372 College Hill, 374 Colliertown, 328, 329 Colquitt, General, 158, 177 Colston, General, 63, 195, 212 Columbia, 255 Columbia Bridge, 259 Columbia Furnace, 339, 436, 450 Conduct of the War, 161, 231-32 Conewago, 259, 261 Confederate Government, 2, 3, 10, 98, 160 Congressional
four thousand men, stretching across the parade-ground of the fortress. The spectacle was magnificent, and there was great enthusiasmn among the men. A party of Virginians attempted at night to capture a ferry-boat on the Potorac near Clear Spring, Md. Notice was given the Union men of Clear Spring, three miles distant, who turned out to guard the boat. During the night the Virginians seized the boat, and were fired upon by the guard, and when midway across had to abandon the prize and eClear Spring, three miles distant, who turned out to guard the boat. During the night the Virginians seized the boat, and were fired upon by the guard, and when midway across had to abandon the prize and escape in a skiff. Two Virginians were shot. The ferry-boat returned to the Maryland shore.--N. Y. Times, May 24. The fortress at Ship Island, Gulf of Mexico, 95 miles from the northern mouth of the Mississippi, was destroyed to prevent it from falling into the hands of the rebels.--Handsboro Democrat, (Miss.) (Extra.,) May 22. In a speech at Atlanta, Ga, Howell Cobb proposed that the planters should sell half their cotton crop to the Southern Confederacy, and accept its bonds in paym
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 15: the Army of the Potomac on the Virginia Peninsula. (search)
o Winchester, thirteen miles below Middletown; but before Banks's main body had all passed the latter village, the Confederates occupied it in large numbers. The rear-guard were compelled to fall back to Strasburg. Making a circuit to the Northward, Tompkins's First Vermont cavalry rejoined Banks at Winchester the next morning, and De Forest's Fifth New York cavalry made its way among the mountains of the Potomac with a train of thirty-two wagons and many stragglers, and joined Banks at Clear Spring. The main column meanwhile had moved on and encountered a Confederate force near Newton, eight miles from Winchester, which was repulsed by the Second Massachusetts, Twenty-eighth New York, and Twenty-seventh Indiana; and by midnight May 24. the extraordinary race for Winchester was won by Banks, who had made a masterly retreat with very little loss, and had concentrated his infantry and artillery there. Broadhead's cavalry first entered the city. The retreating troops found very li
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 19: events in Kentucky and Northern Mississippi. (search)
r General Rosecrans, to attack his flank and rear, and another under General Ord, to confront him. This combined movement began early in the morning of the 18th of September. General Ord, with about five thousand men, moved down to Burnsville, on the railway, seven miles west of Iuka, followed from Bolivar by as many troops Price's Headquarters. under General Ross as Grant could spare. Rosecrans, meanwhile, moved with the separated divisions of Generals Stanley and C. S. Hamilton from Clear Spring with about nine thousand troops, through a drenching rain, and all bivouacked that night at Jacinto, on the Mobile and Ohio railway, nearly twenty miles southward from Iuka. On the morning of the 19th they pushed on in light marching order toward Iuka, with Mizner's cavalry, driving a Confederate guard from Barnett's Corners; and early in the afternoon Hamilton's division, moving cautiously, in expectation of hearing the co-operating guns of Ord, and skirmishing almost continually, was w
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 22: the siege of Vicksburg. (search)
r everywhere in the region of its track. The story may be thus briefly told, though in its details it presents one of the most remarkable events on record. On the 17th of April, Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson, of the Sixth Illinois cavalry, left La Grange, Tennessee, with his own regiment, and the Seventh Illinois and Second Iowa, the latter commanded respectively by Colonels Edward Prince and Edward Hatch, marched southward, sweeping rapidly through Ripley, New Albany, Pontatoc, Houston, Clear Spring, Starkville, and Louisville, to Newton, in the heart of the rich western portion of Mississippi, and behind all of the Confederate forces with which Grant had to contend. These horsemen were scattered in detachments, as much as prudence would allow, striking the Confederate forces which had been hastily gathered here and there to oppose them, breaking up railways and bridges, severing telegraph-wires, wasting public property, and, as much as possible, diminishing the means of transportat
usefulness. The effective Rebel force in the States bordering on the Mississippi being now mainly engaged in the defense of Vicksburg and the Yazoo valley, Grant had determined to retaliate one of the destructive cavalry raids of Morgan, Forrest, and Van Dorn. To this end, Col. B. H. Grierson, with a cavalry brigade, 1,700 strong, composed of the 6th and 7th Illinois and 2d Iowa, starting April 17. Lagrange, Tennessee, swept rapidly southward, through Ripley, New Albany, Pontotoc, Clear Spring, Starkville, Louisville, Decatur, and Newton, Miss.--thus passing behind all the Rebel forces confronting and resisting Grant — until, having passed Jackson, he turned sharply to the right, and made his way W. S.W. through Raleigh, Westville, Hazlehurst, and Gallatin, to Union C. H., back of Natchez; thence zigzagging by Bogue Chito to Greensburg and Clinton, La., and so to Baton Rouge; May 2. having traversed more than 600 miles of hostile territory in 16 days; crossing several consid
et during the day. Hancock, Dec. 20, 1861. The Thirty-ninth Illinois, having received their arms, are now here, posted in a strong position, anxiously awaiting an opportunity to repel the enemy or cooperate with Gen. Kelly's advance guard, which now extends here, besides guarding the railroad all the way from Cumberland. The Fifth Connecticut and Knapp's battery are expected here in a day or two. Williamsport, December 21, 1861. This morning a man named J. B. Wharton, residing at Clear Spring, approached one of the river pickets and offered him twenty-five dollars to carry a despatch to the other side. The soldier made the fact known to Colonel Leonard, who had him arrested, but not till he had destroyed the despatch. He is connected by marriage with ex-Senator Mason, now in Fort Warren. Colonel Leonard holds him as a spy. This town has been under martial law for several months. Lieutenant John G. Hovey, of Company B, Massachusetts Thirteenth, is the provost marshal. Am
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