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John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 7: Baltimore. (search)
d. Their most effective act remains yet to be noticed. Near midnight of the day of the riot (April 19, 1861), the Mayor and police authorities made an official order (secret at the time, but subsequently avowed) to burn the nearest bridges on the railroads leading into Baltimore from the Free States, and immediately sent out different parties (the Chief of Police himself leading one of them), to execute the order- Before daylight next morning, the bridges at Melvale, Relay House, and Cockeysville, on the Harrisburg road, and over the Bush and Gunpowder Rivers and Harris Creek on the Philadelphia road, were accordingly destroyed by fire, completely severing railroad communication with the North. The excuse was that they feared reprisal and revenge from the Northern armies; the real motive appears to have been the stronger underlying spirit of insurrection. Mayor Brown claimed that Governor Hicks approved the order; the Governor soon afterward publicly and officially denied it. Wh
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
of, with regard to Fort Sumter, 51 Cadwalader, General, 157 Cairo, 128, 132, 134 Campbell, Justice, 54; his treachery, 35, 57, 69 Carrick's Ford, 152 et seq. Case, General, Secretary of State, 24; resigns, 26; supports the Union cause, 76 Centreville, Va., 177 Charleston, S. C., situation of, 20, 79 Cheat River, 146, 152 Chinn House, the, 194 Chambersburg, Pa., 156 Cincinnati, 132, 140 Clay, Henry, 127 Cobb, Secretary, Howell, 12, 17, 20, 26, 42 Cockeysville, 90 Columbia, District of, 83 Columbus, 134 et seq. Confederacy, Southern, first formal proposal of, 26; established, 41; military resources of, 79; sends diplomatic agents to Europe, 79; natural resources of, 81 Confederates resolve to begin the war, 60 Constitution of the Confederate States adopted, 41 Cox, General J. D., 154 Crawford, Commissioner, 57 Crittenden, John J., 76 Cub Run, 200 Cumberland, Department of the, 135 Cumberland Gap, 135 Cumming
e, passed through Lynchburg, Va., on his way from Washington to Tennessee. A large crowd assembled and groaned at him. They offered every indignity, and efforts were made to take him off the cars. Mr. Johnson was protected by the conductor and others. He denied sending a message asserting that Tennessee should furnish her quota of men.--Commercial Advertiser, April 26. The citizens of Baltimore were fearfully excited on account of a rumored descent upon them by Federal troops from Cockeysville, seventeen miles distant from the city; but at night the excitement subsided on receiving intelligence that the troops had been turned back to Harrisburg, Pa., by order of Gen. Scott.--N. Y. Tribune, April 26. In nearly all the churches in New York — and probably in a majority of churches through-out the country — the sermons of to-day were mainly in reference to the war. Many congregations have made the day an occasion for patriotic contributions for the outfit of volunteers, or for
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 17: events in and near the National Capital. (search)
were fired, and large portions of them were speedily consumed. Another party went up the Northern Central Railway to Cockeysville, about fifteen miles north of Baltimore, and destroyed the two wooden bridges there, and other smaller structures on ght of the 19th. when the railway bridges were burned: and. after escaping many personal perils. he managed to reach Cockeysville. in a carriage with some others. on the 20th. where, north of the burnt bridges, he took the cars for home on the Nph from Mr. Garrett, President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, informing them that a large number of troops were at Cockeysville, on their way to Baltimore. They immediately returned to the President, who summoned General Scott and some of the mehat he had acted in good faith in calling the Mayor to Washington; and he expressed a strong desire that the troops at Cockeysville should be sent back to York or Harrisburg. General Scott, said the Mayor in his report, adopted the President's views
rs contemplating the passage of troops through any part of Maryland. On returning to the cars, the Mayor received a dispatch from railroad President Garrett, announcing the approach of troops (Pennsylvanians) by railroad from Harrisburg to Cockeysville, a few miles north of Baltimore, and that the city was greatly excited thereby; whereupon, Messrs. Brown & Co. returned to the President, and demanded a further audience, which was granted. The dispatch was submitted; and the President and Getly opened the railroad route through that city to the Relay House and Washington, encountering no opposition. Gen. Butler took permanent military possession of the city on the 13th, while a force of Pennsylvanians from Harrisburg advanced to Cockeysville, reopening the Northern Central railroad. The Legislature adopted, on the 10th, the following: Whereas, The war against the Confederate States is unconstitutional and repugnant to civilization, and will result in a bloody and shameful ove
373; allusion to, 406; 487; in Confederate Congress, 485-6; allusion to, 514. Clinton, De Witt, allusion to, 18; 394. Clinton, George, allusion to, 42; 264. Clinton, George W., speech at Albany, 394-5. Clinton Hall, N. Y., proposed meeting at, 125. Clinton, Miss., against Abolitionists, 128. Clover, Rev. L. P., letter to Gov. Letcher, 397. Cobb, Howell, of Ga., chosen Speaker, 203; 222; 253; resigns the control of the Treasury, 411 Cochrane, John, of N. Y., 374. Cockeysville, Mid., occupied by Federals, 471. Cogswell, Col. Milton, at Ball's Bluff, 623-4. Colburn, Asst. Adjt. Gen. A. V., 621. Colcock, C. J., resins as Coll. at Charleston, 336. Collamer, Jacob, of Vt., 308; at Chicago, 321 Collinsville, Conn., John Brown contracts for a thousand pikes at, 283. Colorado Territory, organized, 388. Columbia, Pa., fugitive-slave case at, 216. Columbia, S. C., Legislature convenes at, 330; Chesnut's speech at, 331; Boyce's 332; Ruffin's. 335
s, Va. 9 Totopotomoy, Va. 1 Chantilly, Va. 1 Cold Harbor, Va. 3 Fredericksburg, Va. 7 Siege of Petersburg, Va. 22 Chancellorsville, Va. 8 Deep Bottom, Va. 1 Gettysburg, Pa. 45 Boydton Road, Va. 3 Kelly's Ford, Va. 2 Hatcher's Run, Va. 2 Mine Run, Va. 2 Farmville, Va. 3 Picket Line, Va. (1862) 3     Present, also, at White Oak Swamp; Malvern Hill; Poplar Spring Church; Strawberry Plains; Appomattox. notes.--Leaving the State, August 2, 1861, it proceeded to Cockeysville, Md., where it guarded the railroad for several weeks. It sailed for Hatteras Inlet, N. C., September 24th, and thence in November to Fort Monroe, where it passed the winter. While encamped at Newport News, it participated in the fight between the Merrimac and the Congress; the regiment having been deployed on the beach under the fire of the Confederate vessels, prevented the enemy from taking possession of the Congress. It went to Norfolk in May, and in the following month joined McClel
citizen, who has been kind enough to ascertain the particulars for me: Towsontown, May 29, 1861. His Excellency, Governor Hicks-- my dear sir: Yours of this date was handed me by our mutual friend, Mr. Bryson, and I at once started to Cockeysville in company with Mr. Bryson and our friend Edward Rider, Jr., and after getting such facts connected with the burning of the bridges as we could obtain, I hasten to answer your inquiries. On the night of the 19th ultimo I left Baltimore at p minutes past one o'clock; and that after cutting the telegraph wires, which took but a few minutes, they fired the bridges at about twenty or twenty-five minutes after one o'clock. As to who the party were, I cannot say; but a gentleman at Cockeysville said that a man named Philip Fendall (I think of the firm of Duvall, Keighler & Co.) was one of the party, but I am not prepared to say so positively. He is a cousin to the wife of John Merryman, now under arrest. Any thing further that I
72. the ballad of Cockey's field. It was on Sunday's holy day, There came a fearful sound; Five thousand hostile, armed men, Were marching on the town. They were as far as Cockeysville; Five thousand in the van, And with ten thousand more behind-- ‘Twas thus the rumor ran. The children cried, the women screamed-- For scream they always will; And did you ever know a fright Enough to keep them still? And good folks in the churches met, Arose and went away, As if, in such a din as this, It was no use to pray. And sober folks, who'd lost their wits, Were running up and down To see if they could buy, or beg, Some arms — beside their own. Until, at last, some wiser head Suggested he would go And see how many men there were, Or if it could be so; And started off in hottest haste: The horse had caught the fire, And flew along the old York road As if he could not tire! And there he found two thousand men, Unarmed, in helpless plight; They did not have a thing to eat-- Had slept out-
32; poem on, P. 52; speech in the House of Representatives, Jan. 22d, 1861, Doc. 22 Clerke, T. W., Doc. 135 Cleveland, O., Union meeting at, D. 27 Cobb, Howell, elected president of the Southern Congress, D. 17; his proposition in reference to the sale of cotton, D. 76; speech at Atlanta, Ga., Doc. 268 Cochrane, John, D. 46; speech at N. York, Apl. 20, Doc. 96; anecdote of Bigler and, P. 8 Cocke, Philip St. George, Brigadier-General, of Virginia, D. 58 Cockeysville, Md., rumored descent on, D. 88; Doc. 123 Cockey's Field, ballad of, P. 52 Cocks, John G., his proposition to Major Anderson, P. 129 Coddington, David S., speech at the Union meeting, N. Y., Doc. 105 Coe, George S., Doc. 306 Coercion might be exercised under the Confederation, Int. 14 Coffee, Andrew Jackson, P. 138 Colcock, —, collector of Charleston, S. C., his orders in reference to departure of vessels, D. 8 Coles, —, Captain, takes possession o
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