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mmand remained quietly in camp. On the twenty-first, it was detailed on duty in the fire department, and remained on that duty during the whole time that Atlanta was occupied by our forces. On the fifteenth of October, the regiment went with the brigade on a foraging expedition to Flat Shoals, on which expedition the regiment was gone four days, and loaded thirty-two wagons with forage. Again, on the twenty-sixth of October, the regiment went with the brigade on a foraging expedition to Berkshire Post-Office, remaining four days, and in conjunction with the Eighty-second Ohio veteran volunteers loading sixty wagons with forage. During the remainder of the time until the commencement of the recent expedition, the regiment remained quietly in camp. On the morning of the fifteenth of November, the regiment left the city of Atlanta, or rather what was left of the city of Atlanta, and started on the great raid through Georgia, and marched on that day to Stone Mountain, a distance of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Agricultural societies. (search)
These were city institutions, and not composed of practical farmers. They dealt with facts and theories. The majority of husbandmen then did not hear nor heed their appeals for improvements. But finally the more intelligent of that class of citizens became interested, and a convention of practical farmers in the District of Columbia, held in 1809, resulted in the formation of the Columbian Agricultural Society for the Promotion of Rural and Domestic Economy. They offered premiums; and their fair, held in May, 1810, is believed to be the first exhibition of its kind in this country. Elkanah Watson (q. v.) founded the Berkshire (Mass.) Agricultural Society in 1810, and there was a grand Agricultural fair and cattle show at Pittsfield in September, 1811. It was the first of the county fairs held in this country. From that time until now there has been, at first a gradual, and then a rapid, increase in such institutions; and now they exist in every State and Territory of the Union.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Paterson, John 1744-1808 (search)
gton he hastened with a regiment of minute-men to Cambridge, where he cast up the first redoubt of the fortifications around Boston. After the evacuation of that city he was sent to Canada, and a part of his regiment was engaged at the Cedars. When the army left Canada he joined Washington, and was engaged in the battles of Trenton and Princeton; and in February, 1777, he was made brigadiergeneral and attached to the Northern Department, where he rendered important services in the events which ended in the capture of Burgoyne. At the battle of Monmouth, the next year, he was very efficient, and remained in the service until the close of the war. In 1786 he commanded a detachment of Berkshire militia which was sent to suppress Shays's insurrection. He removed to Lisle, N. Y., after that, where he became a member of the legislature, member of the convention that revised the State constitution in 1801, and member of Congress from 1803 to 1805. He died in Lisle, N. Y., July 19, 1808.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Watson, Elkanah 1758- (search)
Watson, Elkanah 1758- Agriculturist; born in Plymouth, Mass., Jan. 22, 1758; was apprenticed in 1773 to John Brown, a merchant in Providence, R. I., who in 1775 sent him with a large quantity of powder to Washington for use in the siege of Boston. At the age of twenty-one (1779) he was made bearer of despatches by Congress to Dr. Franklin, in Paris. He visited Michigan and explored the lake region, and also a route to Montreal, with a view to opening some improved way for its commercial connection with New York and Boston. In 1828 he settled at Port Kent, on the west side of Lake Champlain, where he died, Dec. 5, 1842. His unfinished autobiography, completed by his son, Winslow Cossoul Watson, was published in 1855 under the title of Men and times of the Revolution. Among his published writings were a History of the Western canals of New York; A history of the modern Agricultural societies; Agricultural societies on the modern Berkshire system, etc.
ommittee, together with all the amendments that had been proposed. On the same day (14th), Mr. George T. Davis, of Greenfield, introduced a bill to prevent hostile invasions of other States; the purpose of which was to prevent, by fine and imprisonment, persons who should set on foot any unlawful scheme, military or naval, to invade any State or Territory of the Union. This was referred to the Committee on Federal Relations, but never was passed. Jan. 18. In the Senate.—Mr. Cole, of Berkshire, from the Committee on Federal Relations, reported a series of resolutions, the purport of which was, to stand by the Union, and tendering to the President of the United States such aid, in men and money, as he may require. On motion of Mr. Northend, of Essex, the rules were suspended, and the resolves passed the Senate by a unanimous vote. On the same day, Mr. Parker, of Worcester, introduced in the House a new militia bill, which was referred to the committee on that subject. Jan.
inspiration of historic American liberty, and standing beneath the folds of the American banner. [Applause.] From the bottom of my heart of hearts, as the official representative of Massachusetts, I pay to you, soldiers, citizens, and heroes, the homage of my most profound gratitude; and the heart of all Massachusetts beats with full sympathy to every word I utter. There is but one pulsation beating through all this beautiful domain of liberty, from the shores of Cape Cod to the hills of Berkshire; and the mountain waves and mountain peaks answer to each other. Soldiers, go forth, bearing that flag; and, as our fathers fought, so, if need be, strike you the blow. Where breathes the foe but falls before us, With freedom's soil beneath our feet, And freedom's banner waving o'er us? We stay behind, to guard the hearthstones you have left; and, whatever may be the future, we will protect the wives and children you may leave, and, as you will be faithful to the country, so we will
of Essex, Bonney of Middlesex, Northend of Essex, Rogers of Suffolk, Davis of Bristol, Walker of Middlesex, and Cole of Berkshire; on the part of the House, Messrs. Bullock of Worcester, Calhoun of Springfield, Branning of Lee, Davis of Greenfield, who said this was not a time to make invidious distinctions between the different classes of citizens. Mr. Cole, of Berkshire, spoke in opposition. The vote stood, for reconsideration, 11; against it, 22. In the House.—Mr. Stebbins, of Bosional crisis; but as they were opposed by Messrs. Northend of Essex, Bonney of Middlesex, Battles of Worcester, Cole of Berkshire, Carter of Hampden, and Boynton of Worcester, Mr. Davis reluctantly withdrew them. The resolves which had been rejec The resolves were then passed to a third reading,—yeas 18, nays 12. On their passage to be engrossed, Mr. Cole, of Berkshire, and Mr. Hardy, of Norfolk, spoke in opposition. They were then passed to be engrossed,—yeas 17, nays 13,—and were se
ing your favor of the 4th inst. before. I inclose you the blanks you ask for. Pittsfield must furnish one hundred and two men. Why can't you raise a regiment in Berkshire? If we cannot get the men in this way, we must draft; for the men must be had at once. Let a meeting be called; and let those who have money in their pockets, rt of the State, a camp of rendezvous was established in Pittsfield, which was named Camp Briggs, in honor of Colonel Briggs, of the Tenth Regiment, —a native of Berkshire, and a citizen of Pittsfield, who had distinguished himself in the battles before Richmond, in one of which he was severely wounded. He was appointed by the Prettle note blaming me for sending his officer two hundred miles off on a sort of tomfool's errand. I advised him, however, to hold on a day or two, and finish up Berkshire if possible; that I had no doubt you would have the recruits ready for him by that time. So I supposed the thing was finished, and that I should have the thanks
felt it. This general confidence and buoyant hope had their origin and their growth mainly in the fact of the triumphant re-election of President Lincoln, and the universal confidence reposed in Lieutenant-General Grant, whose wise and comprehensive policy had become known to the people. The Legislature of Massachusetts assembled at the State House on Wednesday, Jan. 4. The Senate was called to order by Mr. Wentworth, of Middlesex, and organized by the choice of Jonathan E. Field, of Berkshire, for President, who received twenty-five votes, and John S. Eldridge, of Norfolk, ten; and by the choice of Stephen N. Gifford, clerk, who received all the votes that were cast. Mr. Field, on taking the chair, referred to national matters in the following words:— The people have decided that the Union shall at all hazards be preserved. No man was bold enough to ask for popular indorsement, who held any other creed. By the election of Mr. Lincoln, it has been settled, that from oce
connected with it visits to other hospitals gratitude of the men to whom she has ministered appeals to the women of Berkshire her encomiums on their abundant labors Among the large number of the ladies of New York city who distinguished themPort Hudson, Plain's Stone, and other hard-won fields), with a maimed arm, that he was rewarded with the hand of one of Berkshire's fairest daughters, a member of this patriotic family. Several other young men, members of the same family, have alsoer, but they will never forget the face that bent above their couch of pain. The native county of Mrs. Davis, Berkshire, Massachusetts, was famous for the abundance and excellence of the supplies it continually sent forward to the sick and suffering soldiers. The appeals of Mrs. Davis to the women of Berkshire, were numerous and always effective. Her letters were exceedingly graphic and spirited, and were published frequently in the county papers, reaching not only the villages in the teem
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