the State before his slaves would become subject to the emancipation laws; and in the case of a Federal officer, allowing as much more time as his duties required him to remain.
New York had the same act, only varying in time, which was nine months. While these two acts were in force, and supported by public opinion, the traveler and sojourner was safe with his slaves in those States, and the same in the other free States.
There was no trouble about fugitive slaves in those times.—Note to Benton's Abridgment of Debates, Vol.
I, p. 417.
In 1850 a more elaborate law was enacted as part of the celebrated compromise of that year.
But the very fact that the federal government had taken the matter into its own hands, and provided for its execution by its own officers, afforded a sort of pretext to those states which had now become hostile to this provision of the Constitution, not only to stand aloof, but in some cases to adopt measures (generally known as personal liberty laws) dir
used is to be worn on the left breast.
When charged it is rotated for firing by bringing each cartridge in succession to an open notch in the periphery of the frame. — U. S. Ordnance Memoranda, No. 15, p. 339.
Merrill's box is a slot in the top, back of the small of the stock, from which the cartridges are taken by hand and fed to the chamber.
Hagner's magazine is a box large enough for three cartridges, open at one end, and situated under the barrel, forward of the trigger-guard.
Benton's, Hare's, and Metcalfe's magazine-boxes are detachable blocks containing each a number of cartridges.
The blocks fit in the cartridge-box, and when in use are attached to the side of a rifle, near the breech-block, by dovetail or pin fastening.
One containing a supply of cartridges, which are automatically fed to the chamber at the rear end of the barrel.
There are several types.
1. Those in which the magazine is a tube below the barrel, as in the Winchester,