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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The defense of Vicksburg. (search)
apacity until the 1st of November, when I was made, by General Pemberton, Chief Engineer of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, of which General Pemberton had just taken command. This change extended my field of operations from Holly Springs to Port Hudson, but I never relinquished immediate charge of the defenses of Vicksburg. Hence I may safely claim to have been identified with the defense almost from the beginning to the end of operations. The series of irregular hills, bith one exception, that the garrison of Vicksburg was not involved in the operations which defeated them. I will simply mention them in the order in which they occurred. First was General Grant's advance from Memphis and Grand Junction, via Holly Springs, toward Grenada. This was defeated by the raids of Van Dorn and Forrest upon Grant's communications [December 20th and December 15th to January 3d]. He was forced to retire or starve. Next came General Sherman's attempt to get in rear of Vi
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 19: events in Kentucky and Northern Mississippi. (search)
lleck had been strengthened under the direction of General Cullum but they were modified, and new ones were constructed by Major F. E. Prime, Grant's Chief-Engineer, which were better adapted for the use of a smaller force than occupied them in May. The new line was made especially strong westward of Corinth, from which direction the foe was expected, and was much nearer the town than the old ones. Immediately after their junction at Ripley, a point about half way between Jacinto and Holly Springs, Price and Van Dorn prepared to march upon Corinth, the key to the military possession of Tennessee and co-operation with Bragg. If Corinth could be taken, and the force there driven back on the Tennessee and cut off, Bolivar and Jackson would easily fall, and then, upon the arrival of the exchanged prisoners of war, West Tennessee might soon be in possession of the Confederates, and communication with Bragg be established through Middle Tennessee. So reasoned Van Dorn. See Van Dorn
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 20: events West of the Mississippi and in Middle Tennessee. (search)
burg was not in General Grant's department, but its capture became his great objective, as well as that of others, and for that purpose a large portion of his forces had moved southward, and at the beginning of December had taken post between Holly Springs and Coldwater, on the two railways diverging from Grenada, in Mississippi, and the Tallahatchee River, behind which lay the Confederates in strength. There he was prepared to co-operate with the National forces westward of the Mississippi, a now made note of the antecedents and position of the National troops westward of the Mississippi toward the close of the year 1862, destined to co-operate with the army of General Grant against Vicksburg. We left the latter encamped between Holly Springs and Coldwater, and the Tallahatchee River. See page 524. Let us leave this region for a while, and follow Rosecrans to his new field of operations after his splendid victory at Corinth. Rosecrans found the Army of the Ohio, now the Army
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 21: slavery and Emancipation.--affairs in the Southwest. (search)
dvance in Mississippi, 573. serious disaster at Holly Springs, 574. Sherman's descent of the Mississippi, 575d the Confederates were gradually pushed back to Holly Springs, on the same railway. it was now evident thathem, and on the 20th of November he moved toward Holly Springs with his main body, Hamilton's division in the af December Grant held a strong position south of Holly Springs, and commanding nearly parallel railways in thatad been put in running order as far southward as Holly Springs, and there he had ,made his temporary depot of aments for the time being. after remaining at Holly Springs ten hours, engaged in pillaging and destroying, in West Tennessee. two hours after they had left Holly Springs, the four thousand troops which Grant had dispatin transports, on the day of the sad disaster at Holly Springs, Dec. 20, 1862. leaving Ie as a guard to the ci. Alas! he did not then know of the disaster at Holly Springs, the recoil of Grant from Oxford, and the heavy
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 22: the siege of Vicksburg. (search)
There also Porter's fleet, strengthened by the addition of several armored vessels, such as the Chillicothe, Indianola, Lafayette, East-port, and other gun-boats rendezvoused, and immense power was immediately brought to bear on the cutting of the canal, and other operations of a vigorous siege. General Grant, as we have observed, hastened back to Memphis after the conference at Napoleon, and immediately commenced moving his troops, which had been gathered there after the disaster at Holly Springs, down the Mississippi, to assist in the siege of Vicksburg. These troops had been pushed to Memphis from Grand Junction as rapidly as possible, and were now reorganized and in readiness for other work. All these veterans of the Army of the Tennessee, excepting detachments left to hold posts in that State, and the divisions of Logan, were there, and with ample provisions and other supplies, they were now borne swiftly, on more than a hundred transports, upon the rapid current of the ris
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 8: Civil affairs in 1863.--military operations between the Mountains and the Mississippi River. (search)
h him. One bridge — an important one, near Lafayette — was left standing, and over that he passed with a large drove of cattle and other plunder, and nearly all fresh horses, and escaped under cover of an attack on Colliersville, by General Richardson. This attack misled Grierson, who was waiting and watching for Forrest at La Grange; and the wily guerrilla had too much the start when Grierson, properly informed, pressed on in pursuit, to be easily caught. Grierson gave up the chase at Holly Springs, and Forrest found safety farther south. Sherman now reappeared in Mississippi. After the return of his troops to Chattanooga from Knoxville, his command was stationed along the line of the Memphis and Charleston railway, in Northern Alabama, from Scottsboroa to Huntsville. There he remained with them until toward the close of January, when he was ordered to Vicksburg, to command an expedition that was to be impelled eastward from that city to perform such service for the National c
. Henderson's Bill, La., Gen. Mower at, 3.254. Herron, Gen., his expedition up the Yazoo, 3.148. Hicks, Gov. T. H., loyal action of, 1.196; denounced as a traitor to the Southern cause, 1.197. Hilton Head, occupied by National troops, 2.122. Hindman, T. C., amendment to the constitution proposed by, 1.88. Hoffman, Col. J. W., battle of Gettysburg opened by, 3.59. Hollins, Capt., attacks with the Manassas the blockading fleet at the mouth of the Mississippi, 2.113. Holly Springs, capture of arms and stores at by Van Dorn, 2.574. Holmes, Gen., repulsed at Helena by Prentiss, 3.149. Holt, Joseph, made Secretary of War, 1.131. Honey Springs, battle at, 3.214. Hood, Gen., at the battle of Gettysburg, 3.66; supersedes Johnston in Georgia, 3.383; pursuit of after the battle of Allatoona Pass, 3.398; checked at Franklin, 3.421; routed at Nashville, 3.427. Hooker, Gen., at the battle of Williamsburg, 2.379; his reconnaissance toward Richmond, 2.413; at th
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 24: Second attack on Vicksburg, etc. (search)
on his arrival at Cairo, sent a message to General Grant, at Holly Springs, Miss., informing him of McClernand's intention, that he, Porter, hArkansas, by ten thousand more. Grant himself would march from Holly Springs with some sixty thousand men upon Granada. General Pemberton won as the gun-boats arrived in Memphis, returned immediately to Holly Springs to carry out his part of the programme. This interview betwet. The latter had run considerable risk in leaving his base at Holly Springs to draw Pemberton from Vicksburg. Time was precious and Sherman the swamp beneath the heights of Vicksburg. Grant had left Holly Springs with a large Army at the time he had appointed, merely with thed well, but the Confederate general, Earl Van Dorn, dashed into Holly Springs twenty-eight miles in the rear of the Union Army, capturing theaken to prevent this mishap by leaving a strong force behind at Holly Springs, but the commanding officer was not on the alert and his captur
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott), April 29-June 10, 1862.-advance upon and siege of Corinth, and pursuit of the Confederate forces to Guntown, Miss. (search)
eck's army moving toward Memphis by destroying the bridges on the railroad to that city and falling back along that line with a small force, General Beauregard replied that he ordered all of the bridges between Grand Junction and Corinth to be destroyed; that there were no bridges of consequence between Grand Junction and Memphis, and no point between Corinth and Memphis tenable against the enemy, and that a force retreating on that line was liable to be cut off by a movement on Ripley, Holly Springs, or Oxford by the enemy. Fort Pillow could not have been maintained longer, except by a sacrifice of its garrison. The general does not remember the armament or garrison, but thinks the latter numbered about 2,000 or 2,500 men. Its land defenses had been constructed (before he took charge) for a defense by about 10,000 men. It could, as garrisoned, have been reduced by a proper force of the enemy, say about 10,000 men. I asked the general whether seven locomotives and sixty-thre
established his quarters. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, J. A. Orr, Colonel, Commanding. Office of the Mississippi Central Railroad co., Holly Springs, Miss., May 31, 1862. Maj. Gen. Braxton Bragg: dear sir: The great importance of preserving the engines, cars, and materials of this road for the future use ofall back shortly unless re-enforced. You have ordered me to destroy bridges on both roads. Do you mean toward Memphis or Memphis and Charleston, and toward Holly Springs, on Mississippi Central Railroad? We have not sufficient force to destroy bridges toward Memphis. Received orders only day before yesterday to destroy cottut 8,000 men, should there be none at that point, Very respectfully, your obedient servant, A. R. Chisolm, Aide-de-Camp. Headquarters Porter's Partisans, Holly Springs, June 6, 1862. General G. T. Beauregard Commanding Western Department: General: Acting under your orders, I have caused to be burned in Fayette, Shelby, and
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