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agance of maintaining such a military body. This was intensified after the victory at Manassas, which was taken by many as the end of the struggle against coercion. It appearing to the legislature that the troops were being kept in camp merely for drilling, a joint resolution was adopted and approved January 17, 1862, disbanding the sixty-day troops then at Bowling Green and Union City, the brigade under command of Gen. Reuben Davis at Corinth, and the brigade under General Alcorn at Holly Springs. And, incredible as it may appear, it is nevertheless true that Governor Pettus received a telegram from Richmond, in response to a private inquiry, to the effect that his troops in camp were not needed and should be sent to their homes. Fortunately another telegram soon followed, demanding that the troops be turned over to the Confederate States at once, as an unexpected emergency had arisen. The first service of the Mississippi troops was at Vicksburg, which is distinguished as b
were begun under Capt. D. B. Harris, chief of engineers. Colonel Autry was at this time military commander at Vicksburg. Capt. Ed. A. Porter reported from Holly Springs, June 6th, that, acting under orders, he had caused to be burned in Fayette, Shelby and Tipton counties, Tenn., and Marshall and De Soto counties, Miss., upwarnmerited glory was attached to his name by the exaggerated reports of the strength of the Confederate force. On July 1st and 5th there were minor affairs near Holly Springs and at Hatchie Bottom, of which there are no official reports. Meanwhile there had been important changes in the Federal army. Halleck, having achieved famaid into Tennessee. He took with him parts of Jackson's, Wade's, Pinson's and Slemon's regiments, in all about 1,000 men. General Villepigue was in command at Holly Springs, from whom he hoped to obtain reinforcements, but was obliged to leave Jackson's regiment with him instead, and he proceeded to Bolivar and Jackson, Tenn., wit
Arkansas Forrest in West Tennessee Van Dorn at Holly Springs President Davis Visits Mississippi Sherman def into West Tennessee. With 1,600 men he reached Holly Springs, August 26th, and was reinforced by 1,100 under rom Van Dorn that he would be ready to move from Holly Springs on the 12th to support the army of the West. Prge lot of accouterments. Van Dom retreated to Holly Springs but little disturbed by the pursuit of Rosecransticable, he telegraphed Halleck, I will go on to Holly Springs and maybe Grenada, completing railroad and teleg9th, and a cavalry reconnoissance sent on toward Holly Springs discovered that that place had been evacuated. n guard at Oxford. Grant brought his army up to Holly Springs about two weeks later, repairing the railroad asontotoc, and struck an equally effective blow at Holly Springs, surprising the garrison and burning up all the 00 men taken prisoners. He at once fell back to Holly Springs and occupied the line of the Tallahatchie, aband
which Sherman had sent out with orders that they should pay for supplies, and that it is now to the interest of the government that plundering and pillaging should cease. Winslow continued north to Memphis, fighting at the Coldwater with some of Chalmers' force, and Phillips returned to Tennessee, reporting a large amount of destruction in spite of Winslow's interference. After this no affairs of importance occurred in Mississippi for a considerable period. There was a skirmish at Holly Springs, September 7th; one near Jacinto on the same day; and an expedition from the Big Black near Vicksburg to Yazoo City was spiritedly combated by the cavalry brigades of Generals Whitfield and Cosby. In August, Maj.-Gen. S. D. Lee had been given command of all the cavalry in Mississippi, including the brigades of Jackson, Cosby, Chalmers, and Richardson. Early in October General Chalmers was ordered to take his own and Richardson's brigades and make a raid on the Memphis & Charleston ra
Colonel Charles E. Hooker, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 12.2, Mississippi (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Biographical. (search)
er was Joseph W. Chalmers, who, having moved to Mississippi when James was a lad, settled at Holly Springs and became United States senator. The son was prepared for the South Carolina college at Columbia, where he was graduated in 185, and returning to Holly Springs studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1853. He was district attorney in 1858, and in 1861 was a delegate to the convention State. This distinguished citizen of Mississippi, so honored both in war and peace, died at Holly Springs, May 28, 1891. Major-General Samuel G. French, who distinguished himself during the Confle invasion of Mississippi in December, 1862, by the surprise and capture of the garrison at Holly Springs, and the destruction of the stores accumulated. He formed a splendid cavalry command in Misissippi, was born at Richmond, Va., April 4, 1831. Going with his family in childhood to Holly Springs, Miss., he received an academic education at that place, and then studied law. He was admitted t