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William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, Chapter 6: Louisiana. 1859-1861. (search)
aken by the United States fleet, under Farragut. I think that both Vallas and St. Ange have died in poverty since the war. Major Smith joined the rebel army in Virginia, and was killed in April, 1865, as he was withdrawing his garrison, by night, from the batteries at Drury's Bluff, at the time General Lee began his final retreat from Richmond. Boyd became a captain of engineers on the staff of General Richard Taylor, was captured, and was in jail at Natchez, Mississippi, when I was on my Meridian expedition. He succeeded in getting a letter to me on my arrival at Vicksburg, and, on my way down to New Orleans, I stopped at Natchez, took him along, and enabled him to effect an exchange through General Banks. As soon as the war was over, he returned to Alexandria, and reorganized the old institution, where I visited him in 1867; but, the next winter, the building took fire and burned to the ground. The students, library, apparatus, etc., were transferred to Baton Rouge, where the sa
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, chapter 14 (search)
es of labor, and to adapt themselves to the new order of things. Still, their friendship and assistance to reconstruct order out of the present ruin cannot be depended on. They watch the operations of our armies, and hope still for a Southern Confederacy that will restore to them the slaves and privileges which they feel are otherwise lost forever. In my judgment, we have two more battles to win before we should even bother our minds with the idea of restoring civil order — viz., one near Meridian, in November, and one near Shreveport, in February and March next, when Red River is navigable by our gunboats. When these are done, then, and not until then, will the planters of Louisiana, Arkansas, and Mississippi, submit. Slavery is already gone, and, to cultivate the land, negro or other labor must be hired. This, of itself, is a vast revolution, and time must be afforded to allow men to adjust their minds and habits to this new order of things. A civil government of the representa
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, chapter 16 (search)
Chapter 14: Meridian campaign. January and February, 1864. The winter of 1863-64 opened very . been sent out two weeks before, had been to Meridian, and brought back correct information of the lk was in chief command, with headquarters at Meridian, and had two divisions of infantry, one of wh, and marched without deployment straight for Meridian, distant one hundred and fifty miles. We struthe railroad in every direction. We staid in Meridian five days, expecting every hour to hear of Get, written from Vicksburg before starting for Meridian, it will be seen clearly that I indicated my now moving, and I will be off for Jackson and Meridian to-morrow. The only fear I have is in the wesippi, and in breaking up the railroads about Meridian. I am, with great respect, your obedient sn the Mobile & Ohio Railroad. We waited at Meridian till the 20th to hear from General Smith, but which I found in Vicksburg on my return from Meridian was one from Captain D. F. Boyd, of Louisiana[3 more...]
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 17 (search)
ulf, where he rendered good service, and he is also in the regular service, lieutenant-colonel Tenth Infantry. I returned to Nashville from Cincinnati about the 25th of March, and started at once, in a special car attached to the regular train, to inspect my command at the front, going to Pulaski, Tennessee, where I found General G. M. Dodge; thence to Huntsville, Alabama, where I had left a part of my personal staff and the records of the department during the time we had been absent at Meridian; and there I found General McPherson, who had arrived from Vicksburg, and had assumed command of the Army of the Tennessee. General McPherson accompanied me, and we proceeded by the cars to Stevenson, Bridgeport, etc., to Chattanooga, where we spent a day or two with General George H. Thomas, and then continued on to Knoxville, where was General Schofield. He returned with us to Chattanooga, stopping by the way a few hours at Loudon, where were the headquarters of the Fourth Corps (Major-G
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 21 (search)
ssee River. He was evidently out of supplies. His men were all grumbling; the first thing the prisoners asked for was something to eat. Hood could not get any thing if he should cross this side of Rogersville. I knew that the country about Decatur and Tuscumbia, Alabama, was bare of provisions, and inferred that General Hood would have to draw his supplies, not only of food, but of stores, clothing, and ammunition, from Mobile, Montgomery, and Selma, Alabama, by the railroad around by Meridian and Corinth, Mississippi, which we had most effectually disabled the previous winter. General Hood did not make a serious attack on Decatur, but hung around it from October 26th to the 30th, when he drew off and marched for a point on the south side of the Tennessee River, opposite Florence, where he was compelled to remain nearly a month, to collect the necessary supplies for his contemplated invasion of Tennessee and Kentucky. The Fourth Corps (Stanley) had already reached Chattanoo
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 23 (search)
rail is twisted. Should we encounter too much opposition near Orangeburg, then I will for a time neglect that branch, and rapidly move on Columbia, and fill up the triangle formed by the Congaree and Wateree (tributaries of the Santee), breaking up that great centre of the Carolina roads. Up to that point I feel full confidence, but from there may have to manoeuvre some, and will be guided by the questions of weather and supplies. You remember we had fine weather last February for our Meridian trip, and my memory of the weather at Charleston is, that February is usually a fine month. Before the March storms come we should be within striking distance of the coast. The months of April and May will be the best for operations from Goldsboroa to Raleigh and the Roanoke. You may rest assured that I will keep my troops well in hand, and, if I get worsted, will aim to make the enemy pay so dearly that you will have less to do. I know that this trip is necessary; it must be made sooner
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 25 (search)
Government of our inheritance. By order of Major-General W. T. Sherman, L. M. Dayton, Assistant Adjutant-General. List of the Average Number of Miles marched by the Different Army Corps of the United States Forces under Command of Major-General W. T. Sherman, United States Army, during his Campaigns in 1863-64-65. route.number of miles. Fourth Corps.Fourteenth Corps.Fifteenth Corps.Sixteenth Corps.Sixteenth Corps (Left Wing).Seventeenth Corps.Twentieth Corps. From Vicksburg to Meridian, and back   330 335  From Memphis to Chattanooga  330     From Chattanooga to Knoxville, and back110 230     From Chattanooga to Huntsville (Paint Rock), Langston, etc., and back  240     From Clifton to Rome     261  From Chattanooga to Atlanta (average distance traversed in manoeuvring) 178178 17889178 Pursuit of Hood, and back to Atlanta 270270  270270 From Atlanta to Savannah 283285  290287 From Savannah to Goldsboroa 425423  478420 From Goldsbor