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miral Com'g Miss. Squadron. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy, Washington. Headquarters left division investing forces, Vicksburgh, July 5, 1863. Admiral: While congratulating you on the success of the army and navy in reducing this Sebastopol of rebeldom, I must at the same time thank you for the aid my division has had from yourself and your ships. The guns received from the Benton, under charge of Acting Master Reed, a gallant and efficient officer, .have formed the most effect can assure you they have nobly sustained the reputation of your ship and the Mississippi Squadron. Acting Master Reed is well worthy of promotion. Congratulating you, Captain, on the combined success of the army and navy in reducing this Sebastopol of the rebels, I remain, very truly, yours, F. J. Herron, Major-General. To Captain J. H. Greer, Commanding Benton. United States steamer Conestoga, Mississippi River, July 8, 1863. sir: I have the honor to present the following report of
number and calibre of our guns; but had they improved the advantages they possessed, and fortified as men who really intended to make a stubborn defence, this superiority might have been overcome. The conduct of the rebels is indeed beyond comprehension. Here is a place commanding several important railroads; a place the seizure of which Beauregard confessed in his celebrated despatch to Davis, would open to us the Valley of the Mississippi; a position capable of a stubborn defence as Sebastopol, and yet scarcely an effort is made to fortify it, and its possessors fly at our approach. The abettors of the rebels in Europe are watching with eager interest every step made in this country, with a view of obtaining a recognition, at any favorable moment, of the bogus confederacy. A stubborn resistance, even though followed by defeat, would command respect abroad; but a succession of evacuations, upon the slightest approach of danger, can insure only contempt. The troops from every
Joseph T. Derry , A. M. , Author of School History of the United States; Story of the Confederate War, etc., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 6, Georgia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 17: (search)
sconsin, occupied the capital city, and according to his own report, burned the railroad depot, two arsenals, a powder magazine and other public buildings and shops, and destroyed large quantities of arms, ammunition and salt. A general pillage followed these acts of war. Then the two Federal corps pushed on by way of Hebron, Sandersville, Tennille and Louisville, and Howard's wing crossed the Oconee at Ball's ferry and advanced in two columns by the 1st of December to the neighborhood of Sebastopol. Howard at this date reported that he had destroyed the Ocmulgee cotton mills, and had supplied his army from the country, which he found full of provisions and forage. I regret to say that quite a number of private dwellings which the inhabitants have left have been destroyed by fire, but without official sanction; also many instances of the most inexcusable and wanton acts, such as the breaking open of trunks, taking of silver plate, etc. I have taken measures to prevent it, and I be
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book II:—--the Mississippi. (search)
om the nature of the works of the place, their development over a space of nearly thirteen miles, the calibre of the guns used on both sides except near the river—in short, from the relative numerical strength of the besiegers and that of the besieged it was a conflict between two intrenched armies rather than a siege in the strictest acceptation of the term. But what made it differ from the operations of the same character which had previously taken place in Europe, such as the siege of Sebastopol, is that the Confederate army was completely invested in the intrenched camp where it had retired after its defeat while a new army was forming outside for the purpose of breaking its blockade. Consequently, one may ask if the German officers, who have shown so much discernment in selecting in the American war all that was applicable to the European continent, have not derived some useful information from the siege of Vicksburg for the campaign of 1870. The conqueror of Champion's Hill,
nothing to do except camp duty, and, by the by, we are kept so well at that, that most of us are becoming well-drilled soldiers. As to the ability of the force here to take the fort, there is no doubt among many of our best military men. Two hours and a half they say will be sufficient to accomplish the purpose. It can be fired on from six different points. Storming parties can go under this fire, sharp shooters in the meantime picking off the gunners from sand pits, as was done at Sebastopol. There is, however, no prospect of a fight within ten days. If not by that time, the men are disposed to take the fort any how. They are not willing to come home without seeing it in the hands of the South. The health of the soldiers is good. The strictest discipline is observed. There is no disorder more than may be expected in camp life. No guns are allowed to be fired, and the general orders every day are that every one shall be ready at a moment's notice for action. Flori
ought the great battle of Borodino, in Russia, seventy miles from Moscow. According to some accounts, the loss on both sides was ninety-seven thousand men. One account makes it out one hundred and seventeen thousand.--It was one of the bloodiest battles of modern times. On the 8th of September, 1781. General Green defeated the British army at Eutaw Springs. On the 8th of September, 1847, General Taylor defeated the Mexicans at Monterey. On the 8th of September, 1855, the Allies stormed Sebastopol. On the 10th of September, 1813. Perry defeated and captured the whole British fleet on Lake Erie. This battle was fought on Sunday. On the 11th of September, 1709, Marle Rough and Eugene fought the battle of Malploquet, against Villars commanding the French army. It was the greatest battle that had been fought in modern Europe to that time. The two armies counted upwards of two hundred thousand combatants. On the 11th of September, 1814, McDonough, on Lake Champlain, destroyed the
d fortifications, a good line for defensive operations, and that counter works could be made opposite those of the enemy that would be valuable to check his advance. The whole chain of hills from Lewinsville to Springfield would make an admirable base for defensive operations, but would be of little value as a base of offensive movements. They were untenable unless strongly fortified, and this would have necessitated a siege, which might have proved as long and as serious as the siege of Sebastopol. The good people grumbled considerably at the idea of giving up any territory once occupied, but at the same time they grumbled at the inactivity or delay of the army. They did not seem to consider that to hold a position immediately under the enemy's batteries, and within range of his cannon, it would be necessary to have fortifications, and that the construction of them would cost our men many months' of manual labor and of tedious garrison duty. Volunteers are of little value to garr
ced, addressed the House in a speech which, if it was not calculated to flatter the prejudices of his hearers, ought certainly to have approved itself to their reason. He first argued against the propriety of substituting a race of extravagance for the present economical inaction. If America armed, England would arm. If the New York shore of the Lakes were to bristle with cannon, the Canadian shore would soon present a similar aspect. A Sebastopol at Buffalo would merely call up another Sebastopol on the opposite border; and, as the longest purse would win, it was probable that Great Britain might carry the day. But after this practical piece of reasoning, Mr. Phelps proceeded to touch on a far more comprehensive and controvertible topic. He not only deprecated the angry spirit and abusive language in which it was customary with Americans to speak of us and our institutions, but he went a step further, and declared, with a candor and boldness almost unexampled in such assemblies, t
th under conditions which admitted of the naval resources of the latter being made available. Fort Donelson fell after a brief struggle. Island No.10 was also captured, though after a more gallant resistance, and according to the last intelligence, Fort Pulaski had also fallen into the Federal hands. It is a principle of warfare that the capture of fortified place is a mere question of time, and numerous have been the proofs afforded of its correctness from the sledge of Troy to that of Sebastopol. The loss of the places taken by the Federal armies should excite neither surprise nor regret in the Southern Confederacy. The sole question which they have to consider is whether the delay occasioned to the advancing army by the resistance of those places has been dearly or cheaply purchased by the loss of men and arms incurred in their defence.--The conquest of the Southern States--that is to say, the successful invasion of the country, throwing out of consideration the establishme
th the British army was repulsed in its advance upon Baltimore, and the next day the bombardment of Fort McHenry took place. On the 8th of September, 1847, our troops gained a victory in front of Mexico, and on the 14th, (the anniversary of the entry of Jerusalem by Titus, and of the entry of Moscow by Napoleon,) they took possession of the city. It is worthy of remark that the allies landed in the Crimes on the 14th September, 1854, and one year after, on the 8th of September, carried Sebastopol by storm. Our leaders, no doubt, keep these mighty events in their mind while they are preparing to add new trophies to those of which the month of September is already crowned. Of all the events to which we have alluded, that of the capture of Jerusalem was of course the most important. It effected the entire overthrow of a people which God himself had selected, of all others, to be the repository of his law, and to whom, of all others, he had chosen to reveal himself as the God of
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