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Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 3: the White Oak Road. (search)
and Fifth Corps, in which the Army of the James had also to participate somewhat, and the losses were quite severe. This is what was known as the battle of the White Oak Road. Contrasts are sometimes illumining. When our assault on the enemy's right, March 31st, was followed by General Miles' attack on the Claiborne entrenchments on the second of April, after the exigency at Five Forks had called away most of its defenders,--Generals Anderson and Johnson, with Hunton, Wise, Gracie, and Fulton's Brigades being of the number,--and the whole rebel army was demoralized, General Grant, now free to appreciate such action, despatches General Meade at once: Miles has made a big thing of it, and deserves the highest praise for the pertinacity with which he stuck to the enemy until he wrung from him victory. Verily, something besides circumstances can alter cases. The understanding of this affair has been confused by the impression that it was the Second Corps troops which attacked a
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Chapter 5: the week of flying fights. (search)
nes, and a bedlam of a bivouac that would have been. After their defeat at Five Forks, the cavalry of both the Lees joined Rosser at the Ford crossing of Hatcher's Run, and then drew back on that road to the Southside Railroad crossing. There were gathered also the fugitives from Pickett's and Johnson's Divisions, covered by the remainder of those divisions that had not been in the fight, --Hunton's Brigade of Pickett's Division, and Wise's, Gracie's (commanded by Colonel Sanford), and Fulton's of Johnson's Division, all under command of General R. H. Anderson. Their ultimate destination was to cover the enemy's right flank at Sutherland's Station. These would have been unpleasant fellows to camp with on the night of April 1st. Humphreys, finding the entrenchments in his front impregnable, at about midnight sent Miles up the White Oak Road to Sheridan. But at daylight Sheridan faced him right about, and with two divisions of the Fifth Corps following, pushed back down the
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 14: siege of Petersburg. (search)
, and six guns. Pickett's isolated position was unfortunately selected. A line behind Hatcher's Run or at Sutherland Station could not have been flanked, but might been maintained until re-enforced by troops drawn from the Southern right at the Claiborne road crossing of Hatcher's Run. The Confederate cavalry were withdrawn during the night to the Southside Railroad, and were joined there by Hunton's brigade of Pickett's division and by General Bushrod Johnson, with Wise's, Gracies's, and Fulton's brigade, all under the command of General R. H. Anderson. The disaster at Five Forks was the beginning of the end. Two large infantry and one cavalry corps, making a total of fifty thousand officers and men, Morning report, Army of the Potomac, March 31, 1864. with a roving commission in front of Lee's extreme right, imperiled his communications most seriously, as well as the safety of his lines. The Southern general could not risk another attack outside of his works, and, in orde
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Advance of Van Dorn and Price-Price enters Iuka --battle of Iuka (search)
into road. A small force was to hold the Jacinto road where it turns to the northeast, while the main force moved on the Fulton road which comes into Iuka further east. This plan was suggested by Rosecrans. Bear Creek, a few miles to the east of the Fulton road, is a formidable obstacle to the movement of troops in the absence of bridges, all of which, in September, 1862, had been destroyed in that vicinity. The Tennessee, to the north-east, not many miles away, was also a formidable obst point where the Jacinto road to Iuka leaves the road going east. He here turned north without sending any troops to the Fulton road. While still moving in column up the Jacinto road he met a force of the enemy and had his advance badly beaten and t supposing the troops coming from the south-west must be up by that time. Rosecrans, however had put no troops upon the Fulton road, and the enemy had taken advantage of this neglect and retreated by that road during the night. Word was soon broug
boats' crew were killed, two wounded, and the rest made prisoners.--New Bedford Mercury, June 23. Parker Spring, superintending the construction of United States Military telegraph lines, gave an account, in a letter to the Lancaster (Pa.) Express, of the services of the Morse telegraph to the army, and of General McClellan's use of it.--(Doc. 129.) A party of National scouts captured the mate and six seamen belonging to the rebel gunboat Beauregard, at a point nearly opposite Fulton, Missouri. Edward L. Pierce, Special Agent of the Treasury Department of the United States, made a report concerning the condition of the freedmen of South-Carolina.--The Union forces under Major-Gen. Hunter, operating against Charleston, S. C., this day landed on James Island, under cover of the gunboats, without opposition. To~day the Union fleet of gunboats (eight vessels) moved up the James River from their former position at City Point, toward the rebel batteries below Richmond, Va
pe was knocked into pi, the press injured, and much of the material was scattered outside, and thrown into the river. The Herald is about the only newspaper in New Brunswick that has advocated the Union cause.--Boston Journal, July 30. Colonel Guitar, of the Ninth Missouri regiment, reinforced by Lieut.--Col. Shaffer and Major Clopper, of Merrill's Horse, and Major Caldwell, of the Third Iowa cavalry, six hundred and fifty strong, were attacked at Moore's Mills, seven miles east of Fulton, Mo., this day, by the rebels Porter and Cobb, nine hundred strong, and after fighting till after four o'clock P..M., the rebels were completely routed, with a loss of from seventy-five to one hundred killed and wounded, and one taken prisoner. Colonel Guitar reports a loss of forty-five killed and wounded. He captured guns, ammunition, baggage, etc., in profusion. The officers and men behaved splendidly. Col. Guitar resumed the pursuit, and followed them over the Jordan.--(Doc. 163.)
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Iuka and Corinth. (search)
d ran two parallel roads, some two miles distant from each other — the most eastern known as the Fulton road, the western as the Tuscumbia. Grant's plan contemplated an approach on Iuka by way of the Fulton road, at least in part, with a view of cutting off the escape of Price by that road. Rosecrans, however, for reasons of his own, decided on taking the Tuscumbia road with his whole force, thus leaving the Fulton road open. A rapid march from Jacinto (Hamilton's division leading, Sanborn's brigade in the advance) brought Rosecrans's column to Barnett's by noon. Hamilton, who had expected to march upon the Fulton road from that point, was furnished with a guide, and directed to continue his march on the Tuscumbia road without further instructions. About 4 P. M. the guide gave notanguinary struggle but a short distance to the rear, and near their first line of battle. The Fulton road being open, there was nothing to interfere with the enemy's escape. A pursuit was made the
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 6.49 (search)
eveport or Marshall. The character of the country did not admit of their forming a junction above Natchitoches, and if they advanced I hoped, by refusing one of them, to fight the other with my whole force. It seemed probable at this time that Steele would advance first. When he reached Prairie d'ane, two routes were open to him: the one to Marshall, The Confederate Fort De Russy, about ten miles below Alexandria. From a sketch made soon after it was captured. crossing the river at Fulton, the other direct to Shreveport. I consequently held Price's infantry, under Churchill, a few days at Shreveport. Steele's hesitation and the reports of the advance of Banks's cavalry caused me, on the 4th of April, to move Churchill to Keachie, a point twenty miles in rear of Mansfield, where the road divides to go to Marshall and Shreveport. He was directed to report to General Taylor. I now visited and conferred with General Taylor. He believed that Banks could not yet advance his in
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 19: events in Kentucky and Northern Mississippi. (search)
until he should hear Rosecrans's guns. A high wind from the northward prevented this, and there Ord lay in expectation of the summons until the next morning, when, hearing the sound of cannon, he pushed forward to Iuka, but not to find an enemy. Rosecrans and his victorious troops were there. They had rested on their arms during the night, expecting to renew the conflict in the morning; but when Stanley went forward at dawn for the purpose, he found that Price had fled southward along the Fulton road, under cover of the darkness, leaving behind him the guns of the Eleventh Ohio battery. A pursuit was immediately commenced that lasted all day, but Price had too much the start, and escaped. Marching to Ripley, in Mississippi, he joined Sept. 28, 1862. the larger force under Van Dorn, a detachment of which had been menacing Corinth, as we have seen, on the day of the battle at Iuka, Ord returned to Bolivar, and Rosecrans remained a few days in Iuka, Rosecrans's Headquarters. makin
neral, Commanding. [Indorsement.] I have cavalry at Fulton. Nothing of the Federals heard from there. I have cavalrand out on the road to Jacinto and Fulton. No infantry at Fulton. Earl Van Dorn. [Inclosure.]------,------, 1862. Genera, supposed to be 5,000 or 6,000 of Yankees encamped on the Fulton road, from Bear Creek toward Fulton, 16 miles from Iuka anFulton, 16 miles from Iuka and 8 miles from the Tuscumbia dirt-road bridge. That was on Friday night. Six Yakee scouts had been at Bay Springs Factory oports as I came down that the Yankees were moving down the Fulton road, and were within 10 miles of Fulton; nothing, though,ilroad to Priceville, striking at that point the road from Fulton to Tupelo, about 2 1/2 miles from the latter place, at whieir cavalry picket is stationed 10 miles from Iuka, on the Fulton road, 3,000 strong. They are also rebuilding the railroadook him prisoner, and stated to him that they would occupy Fulton before to-morrow noon. I also have information from sever
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