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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 15: the Army of the Potomac on the Virginia Peninsula. (search)
oughby's Point, and along the coast toward the sea, when it was decided to land five thousand troops at a summer watering-place called Ocean View, by which the works on Sewell's Point could be taken in reverse, and a direct route to Norfolk be opened. The troops were again embarked, and a bombardment was opened on Sewell's Point from Fort Wool, in the Rip Raps, An unfinished fortification that commanded the entrance to Hampton Roads, in front of Fortress Monroe, It was at first called Fort Calhoun. Its name was changed to Wool, in honor of the veteran General. to deceive the Confederates with the appearance of a design to renew the attempt to land there. At a little past midnight, the troops, artillery, infantry, and cavalry, The troops composing the expedition consisted of the Tenth, Twentieth, and Ninety-ninth New York; Sixteenth Massachusetts; First Delaware; Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania; one hundred mounted riflemen; Follet's battery of light artillery, and Howard's battery
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
ates which may adopt a gradual abolition of slavery, giving to such State pecuniary indemnity.—8. Fort Clinch, St. Mary, Ga., and Fernandina, Fla., taken by Dupont's expedition.—10. Confederate troops from Texas occupy Santa Fe, N. M.—11. General McClellan relieved of the supreme command of the army, and made commander of the Army of the Potomac. Resolution recommending gradual emancipation adopted by the House of Representatives. —13. Point Pleasant, Mo., captured by Pope.—18. Name of Fort Calhoun, at the Rip Raps, Hampton Roads, changed to Fort Wool.—21. Washington, N. C., occupied by Union troops. Departments of the Gulf and South created.—26. Skirmish near Denver City, Col., and fifty Confederate cavalry captured.—31. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reopened, after being closed nearly a year. Confederate camp at Union City, Tenn., captured, with a large amount of spoils.—April 1. General Banks drove the Confederates from Woodstock, Va. Battle at Putnam's Ferry, Ark., a
Arrived, Schr. M. C. Hopkins, Hopkins, New York, ice, Griffin Taylor, and hay Bridgford & Co. Schr. D. Herbert, Myers, Fort Calhoun, light. Sailed, Steamship Yorktown. Parrish, New York, mdse. and passengers, Ludlam & Watson. Steamer Geo. Peabody, Pritchard, Baltimore, mdse. and passengers. D. & W. Currie. Steamer City of Richmond, Mitchell, Philadelphia, mdse, and passengers, C. P. Cardoza. Bark Matagorda, Brown, down the river, light. Schr. W. W. Griffin,--, down the river, light.
tion, the receipts of the road barely pay the expenses of transportation, leaving nothing to meet future contingencies. The State surely will not allow the work to be subjected to sale under a forfeited mortgage, which must be the result unless the company has funds to meet the payment of interest on its bonds for the next two and a half years. One other consideration we may notice here, which invests the work with peculiar importance at the present time. This railroad and the river with which it connects, constitute the only outlet to the ocean from Richmond, and a large portion of the interior of the State, which is not commanded by, and which may be defended against, the Federal Government. Fortress Monroe, at Old Point Comfort, and Fort Calhoun, at the Rip Raps, have entire command of Hampton Roads and the month of James River, whereas any vessel may pass from the mouth of York River to sea without being at any moment within reach of the guns of either of those fortifications.
arning, but the Electoral votes being counted peacefully, were not wanted. Gov. Hicks was before the special (conspiracy) committee to-day. He said, that from private letters and newspaper articles, he thought there would be a disturbance at the inauguration, and attempted seizure of public buildings. He, however, has no such fears now as he had in January. John C. Wright, of Cincinnati, attending the Peace Conference, died in this city to-day of pneumonia. The Secretary of the Treasury has advertised for a loan of $8,000,000, under a recent act of Congress. The Chief Engineer of the Ordnance Department has modified his former estimates in regard to the fortifications, excluding all appropriations South of the Chesapeake, except Forts Calhoun, in Virginia, and Jefferson and Taylor in Florida. The War Department speaks of the importance of the two last for Gulf depots, and says that $150,000 might be advantageously expended in officering and strengthening them.
The Army bill. --The army bill of this session contains but few changes from the usual bills of this character. For the manufacture of arms, at armories, $360,000 are appropriated: for Springfield (Mass.) armory, $60,000; and for Harper's Ferry armory, $64,000 are appropriated. Appropriations are also made for all of the Northern inland forts, and for Forts Calhoun, Taylor and Jefferson, on the Southern coast.
Submarine batteries. --A correspondent of the Portsmouth Transcript, who signs himself "Vulcan," makes the following proposition: It is possible to destroy every vessel that enters our waters, even between the Capes.-- The means are convenient, and the writer of this will undertake, if desired by the authorities, to plant the inevitable seeds of destruction in any of our rivers, or even between the forts Monroe and Calhoun.
the number of guns they severally mount: Table of Navy-yards and principal forts South of Mason and Dixon's line, showing the position, cost and strength of each: where Located.Cost.MenGuns Fort McHenry, Baltimore$146,00035074 Fort Carroll, Baltimore.135,000800159 Fort Delaware, Delaware river, Del.539,000750151 Fort Madison, Annapolis, Md.15,00015031 Fort Severna, Maryland6,0006014 Fort Washington, Potomac river575,00040088 Fort Monroe, Old Point Comfort2,400,0002,450371 Fort Calhoun, Hamp'n R'ds, Norfolk1,664,0001,120224 Fort Macon, Beaufort. N. C.460,00030061 Fort Johnson, Cape Fear, Wilmington, N. C.5,0006010 Fort Caswell, Oak Island, N. C.571,00040081 Fort Sumter, Charleston, S C677,000650146 castle Pinckney, Charleston, S C44,00010025 Fort Moultrie, Charleston, S C75,00030054 Fort Pulaski, Savannah, Ga923,000800150 Fort Jackson, Savannah, Ga80,0007014 Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Fla.51,00010025 Fort Taylor, Key West 1,000185 Fort Jefferson, Tortugas 1,
ibutions of societies and individuals. Among other items, the ice contributed by the market men of Boston has greatly contributed to the comfort of both sick and well. Important information has been obtained from the so-called spies from Sewell's Point. I am not at liberty to state all that has come to light; but it is safe to say that important movements are going on at Sewell's Point, and also at Willoughby's Point, some three miles further down, and opposite the Rip-Raps, or Old Fort Calhoun. An immense mail is received and made up daily at Fortress Monroe. The postmaster is obliging and efficient, and upon the address of letters should be given, without exception, the number of the regiment and the State to which it belongs. In a letter brought down by the flag of truce a few hours ago, Col. Magruder, in command of the Confederates, address Gen. Butler as "Commandant at Fortress Monroe." The reply contained a gentle reminder that General Butler commands the Depart
was as the vivid glare of lightning. Reports came booming across the smooth surface of the splendid roadstead like the deep, sullen roll of distant thunder. A schooner is lying at the wharf at the Rip Raps, just in front of the Sawyer gun. There are two sentinels in sight from Seawell's Point, on the fortification at the Rip Rape. Those posted on Saturday were, in blue shirts and pants, and carried Minnie guns. On Saturday the steamer Hunter Woodis went up to the wharf at Fort Calhoun, but for what purpose I did not ascertain. The weather is hot here again. Yesterday the various churches were well attended. A considerable number of soldiers were in attendance in the morning and at night. Yesterday, by the way, was the 125th anniversary of the Royal Charter of Norfolk Borough, which was granted by William Gooch, Lieutenant-Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, at Williamsburg. A vousiderable trade was done in the town before th
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