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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hazen, Moses 1733-1803 (search)
Hazen, Moses 1733-1803 Military officer; born in Haverhill, Mass., in 1733; served in the French and Indian War (q. v.); was in the attack on Louisburg in 1758; and with Wolfe at Quebec in 1759, where he distinguished himself. He fought bravely at Sillery in 1760, and was made a lieutenant. A half-pay British officer, he was residing near St. John, Canada, when the American Revolution broke out. He furnished supplies to Montgomery's troops, and afterwards became an efficient officer in the Continental army. His property was destroyed by the British. In June, 1781, he was made a brigadier-general. He and his two brothers emigrated to Vermont after the war. He died in Troy, N. Y., Feb. 3, 1803.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hopkins, Stephen 1707-1785 (search)
as is before observed, not at the charge of the crown or kingdom of England, but at the expense of the planters themselves, and were not only planted, but also defended against the savages and other enemies in long and cruel wars which continued for 100 years, almost without intermission, solely at their own charge; and in the year 1746, when the Duke d'anville came out from France with the most formidable fleet that ever was in the American seas, enraged at these colonies for the loss of Louisburg the year before, and with orders to make an attack on them; even in this greatest exigence these colonies were left to the protection of Heaven and their own efforts. These colonies having thus planted themselves and removed all enemies from their borders, were in hopes to enjoy peace and recruit their state, much exhausted by these long struggles; but they were soon called upon to raise men and send them out to the defence of other colonies, and to make conquests for the crown; they duti
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Joncaire, or Jonquiere, Jacques Pierre De Taffanel, Marquis De La 1686-1752 (search)
Joncaire, or Jonquiere, Jacques Pierre De Taffanel, Marquis De La 1686-1752 Naval officer; born in La Jonquiere, France, in 1686; entered the navy in 1698, and in 1703 was adjutant in the French army. He was a brave and skilful officer, and was in many battles. He became captain in the navy in 1736, and accompanied D'Anville in his expedition against Louisburg in 1745. In 1747 he was appointed governor of Canada, but, being captured by the British, he did not arrive until 1749. He died in Quebec, May 17, 1752.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisburg. (search)
Louisburg. The fortress of Louisburg, on the Island of Cape Breton, was built by the French soon after thed to hew down all images in the French churches. Louisburg must be subdued, was the thought of the New-Englanps) landed, April 30, at Gabarus Bay, not far from Louisburg, and their sudden appearance there was the first i from France, surrendered the fortress and town of Louisburg and the island of Cape Breton to the English on Ju the garrison and 1.300 inhabitants of the town of Louisburg, all of whom were to be shipped to France. The Brestored the post to the French. The capture of Louisburg was Lord Loudoun's first care in the campaign of 1gland. The combined forces were about to sail for Louisburg when information reached Loudoun that 6,000 troopsin 1758, in raising a force for a second attack on Louisburg was intense. Massachusetts voted 7,000 men, besidanent possession of the English. With the fall of Louisburg the power of France in America began to wane, and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
e Courant being published in the name of his brother Benjamin, but the caution necessary to be used made contributors shy. They gradually ceased to write, and the paper, losing interest, finally perished for lack of support. Such was the fate of the first nominally free press in America. The colony was involved in war with its French neighbors in 1744, in consequence of a war between France and England. In that war Massachusetts contributed largely in men and means to the capture of Louisburg (1745), and in attempts to conquer Canada. She also bore her part in the French and Indian War; and in the opposition to the Stamp Act and other schemes of the British Parliament for taxing the English-American colonists, Massachusetts took a leading part. Recent acts of Parliament for taxing the Americans caused the Massachusetts The State-House, Boston, Mass. Assembly, in January, 1768, to send to the King a petition which combined, temperately, the spirit of liberty and of loyalty
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monckton, Robert 1742-1782 (search)
Monckton, Robert 1742-1782 Colonial governor; born in England; was son of the first Viscount Galway, and began his military life in Flanders in 1742. In 1754 he was governor of Annapolis (Port Royal), Nova Scotia; assisted in the reduction of the French power in that peninsula, and was lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia in 1756. He commanded a battalion at the siege of Louisburg in 1758, and the next year he was second in command under General Wolfe at the capture of Quebec, where he acted as brigadier-general, and was severely wounded. In 1761 he was made major-general, and the next year governor of New York. He commanded the expedition against Martinique in 1762; was a member of Parliament in 1768; made lieutenant-general in 1770, and was offered the command of the British forces in America in 1775, but he declined to draw his sword against British subjects. He died in England, May 3, 1782. Monetary reform
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Montgomery, Richard 1736- (search)
Montgomery, Richard 1736- Military officer; born in Swords County, Dublin, Ireland, Dec. 2, 1736; was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and entered the army at the age of eighteen. Fighting under Wolfe at the siege of Louisburg (1756), he won the approval of that commander. After its surrender his regiment formed a part of Amherst's force, sent to reduce the French forts on Lake Champlain, in 1759. Montgomery became adjutant of his regiment in 1760, and was under Colonel Haviland in his march upon Montreal when that city was surrendered. In 1762, Montgomery was promoted to captain, and served in the campaign against Havana in the same year. After that he resided in this country awhile, but revisited England. In 1772 he sold his commission and came to America, and the following year he bought an estate at Rhinebeck, on the Hudson, and married a daughter of R. R. Livingston. He was chosen representative in the Colonial Assembly, and was a member of the Provincial Conventi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Murray, James 1712-1794 (search)
Murray, James 1712-1794 Governor of Canada; born in Scotland, about 1712; fourth son of Lord Elibank; entered the British army in 1751, and served with Wolfe in Europe and America, being brigadier-general in the expedition against Louisburg in 1758. Junior brigadier-general at the capture of Quebec (of which city he was made military governor), he held it against great odds when assailed by De Levi. He was made major-general in 1762, and the next year was again governor of Quebec. He was governor of Minorca in 1778; made a gallant but unsuccessful defence of the fortress there in 1781; and died in Sussex, England, June 8, 1794.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nixon, John 1725-1815 (search)
Nixon, John 1725-1815 Military officer; born in Framingham, Mass., March 4, 1725; was a soldier at the capture of Louisburg in 1745; served in the army and navy seven years; fought at Ticonderoga under Abercrombie, leading a company as captain. He led a company of minute-men at Lexington, and commanded a regiment at Bunker Hill, receiving a wound from which he never fully recovered. He was made a brigadier-general in 1776, and commanded a brigade in the battle of Stillwater, in which engagement a cannonball passed so near his head that it permanently impaired the sight of one eye and the hearing of one ear. Resigned Sept. 12, 1780. He died in Middlebury, Vt., March 24, 1815.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pepperell, Sir, William 1696-1759 (search)
y, Me., June 27, 1696. His father, a Welshman, came to New England as apprentice to a fisherman, where he married. The son became a merchant, amassed a large fortune, and became an influential man. Fitted by temperament for military life, he was frequently engaged against the Indians, and attained much distinction. About 1727 he was appointed one of his Majesty's council for the province of Massachusetts, and held the office, by re-election, thirty-two consecutive years. Appointed chiefjustice of common pleas in 1730, he be- Sir William Pepperell's House at Kittery, me. came eminent as a jurist. In 1745 he commanded the successful expedition against Louisburg, and was knighted. On visiting England in 1749, he was commissioned colonel in the British army; Sir William Pepperell. became major-general in 1755; and lieutenant-general in 1759. From 1756 to 1758 Sir William was acting governor of Massachusetts before the arrival of Pownall. He died in Kittery, Me., July 6, 1759.
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