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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 1: operations in Virginia.--battle of Chancellorsville.--siege of Suffolk. (search)
folk. Ever since the Confederates lost Norfolk, See page 888, volume II. and with it the mouth of the James River and the region bordering on the Nansemond and the Dismal Swamp, they had been devising measures for recapturing it, and the territory they had lost. To prevent this, and to establish a base for operations against the Weldon and Petersburg railway, a strong body of National soldiers was stationed at Suffolk, at the head of the Nansemond River, and upon a railroad branching to Weldon and Petersburg. This was an important military position, and became the center of stirring scenes in 1862 and 1863. In September, 1862, Major-General John J. Peck was placed in command of nine thousand men at Suffolk, and at the same time Generals Pettigrew and French, with about fifteen thousand Confederates, were on the line of the Blackwater, menacing that post. Peck comprehended the great importance of his position, and immediately commenced the construction of a system of defenses
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 6: siege of Knoxville.--operations on the coasts of the Carolinas and Georgia. (search)
nt. At the beginning of July another force destroyed an armory at Keenansville, with a large amount of small-arms and stores; and on the 4th of the same month General Heckman and his troopers destroyed an important bridge over the Trent River, at Comfort. Later in the month, General Edward E. Potter, Foster's chief of staff, led a cavalry expedition, which laid in ruins a bridge and trestle-work, seven hundred and fifty feet long, over the Tar River, at Rocky Mount, between Goldsboroa and Weldon, with cotton and flouring mills, machine shops and machinery, rolling stock, and other railway property, a wagon-train, and eight hundred bales of cotton. At Tarboroa, the terminus of a branch railway running eastward from Rocky Mount, they also destroyed two steamboats, and an iron-clad, nearly finished; also, mills, cars, cotton, and stores; captured a hundred prisoners, and many horses and mules, and liberated many slaves, who followed them back to camp. The country was aroused, and suc
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 12: operations against Richmond. (search)
through North Carolina. He instantly obeyed, and when General Kautz struck the Weldon road, as we have seen, he found these re-enforcements for Lee passing over it. w turned eastward, moving down far toward the North Carolina line, crossing the Weldon road and destroying it at Jarratt's Station, south of the scene of their devasthe following morning the Second and Sixth Corps again advanced, and reached the Weldon road without much opposition; but three regiments in the van had scarcely begunk upon the main line with the loss of many of their number made prisoners. The Weldon road had now been reached; but the result of the movements thus far was little o turn back. They were compelled to fight their way to Reams's Station, on the Weldon road, which they expected to find in the possession of the Nationals. On the crong works were cast up along the front of the whole Confederate line, from the Weldon road to the region of the Chickahominy. on the night of the 20th of June, Bu
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 13: invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania-operations before Petersburg and in the Shenandoah Valley. (search)
. the Nationals attack the Confederate right, west of the Weldon road, 360. battle of the Boydton road, 361. Grant's campnt made a vigorous movement for securing possession of the Weldon road, not more than three miles from the left flank of his who had moved with a part of his corps rapidly toward the Weldon road, in the rear of Warren, struck that highway north of s. But this disaster did not loosen Warren's hold upon the Weldon road, and the Confederates gained nothing by their victory, to attempt the extension of the National left beyond the Weldon road, in the direction of the Southside railway. In this d intrenched a position, about three miles westward of the Weldon road, at a cost of about twenty-five hundred men. In one oer, with the Army of the James. A few miles west of the Weldon road was the Boydton plank road, which was now Lee's chiefhe intrenchments at Petersburg, and those of Warren on the Weldon road, the following morning. October 28, 1864. With t
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 17: Sherman's March through the Carolinas.--the capture of Fort Fisher. (search)
having been invited by both General Butler and Admiral Porter to accompany the expedition. See pages 511 and 514, volume I. He visited Fort Fisher and its vicinity, from the land, after, the war, when on his way southward, to. the battle-fields and other places of interest in the late Slave-labor States. It was in March, 1866, that the author left Washington City, and journeyed by steamer, on the Potomac, to Aquia Creek, and thence by railway through Fredericksburg, Richmond, Petersburg, Weldon, and Goldsboroa, to Wilmington, on the Cape Fear River, where, in the family of his excellent friend, Edward Kidder, he found a pleasant and hospitable home for two or three days. Major Mann, the post commander at Wilmington, kindly offered to take, the author, in a government tug, to Fort Fisher, and on Monday morning, March 27, 1866. in company with that officer and a small party, we made an interesting voyage down the Cape Fear. At almost every mile of the way, we saw the remains of
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 20: Peace conference at Hampton Roads.--the campaign against Richmond. (search)
Conspirators, 529. position of the belligerent forces, 530. a Confederate naval raid on the James River, 531. the Nationals begin a flanking movement from the Weldon road, 532. operations on the Confederate right, 533. stirring movements in the Shenandoah Valley, 534. Richmond threatened by Sheridan great alarm there, 535.f Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, with which he was defending the Confederate capital. The left of the Army of the Potomac was maintaining its firm grasp on the Weldon road; see page 861. and the Army of the James on the North side of that River, and forming the right of the besiegers, had its pickets within a few miles of Riy in. Winter quarters; and Sheridan had been performing gallant and useful services North and west of Richmond. To prevent Lee from receiving any supplies by the Weldon road, Meade sent Warren, early in December, with his own (Fifth) Corps, Mott's division of the Third Corps, and Gregg's mounted men, to destroy that railway farth
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 21: closing events of the War.--assassination of the President. (search)
sary; and when, on the 6th of April, Sherman was informed of the victory at the Five Forks, and the evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond, he put his whole army in motion as quickly as possible, and moved on Johnston, who was yet at Smithfield, on the Neuse, with full thirty thousand men. It was on the 10th of April 1865. that Sherman's army moved, starting at daybreak. Slocum's column marched along the two most direct roads to Smithfield. Howard's moved more to the right, feigning the Weldon road; and Terry and Kilpatrick pushed up the west side of the Neuse, for the purpose of striking the rear of Johnston's army between Smithfield and Raleigh, if he should retreat. Johnston knew that resistance would be in vain, and did retreat through Raleigh, and along the lines. of the railway westward, toward Greensboroa. Jefferson Davis and his cabinet were then at Danville, where they had been playing Government for four or five days, making that village the new capital of the Confede