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lph as Secretary of War, but he would have nothing to do with it, because, as he said, the Ordnance regulations had to be obeyed and carried out. It was only when Colonel William Porcher Miles, Chairman of the Military Committee in the House, expressed his intention to lay the question before Congress, and demand a special appropriation for that purpose, that Mr. Seddon finally issued the order, and had the bill paid by the Ordnance Department. When General Beauregard left Charleston for Weldon, in 1864, the work had not yet been paid for. 15. On the 29th of November General Beauregard received information from his Signal Corps that the enemy's ordinary fleet had left Hilton Head, either for an expedition to some point on the coast or for the North. If the latter, the movement related to Burnside's operations; if not, the intention of the enemy was yet to be discovered. General Beauregard lost no time in apprising the War Department of the facts, and, by special despatches
sonnel required for swift and unencumbered running, under any emergency. The Georgia troops sent back to Savannah were ordered to Charleston, so as to be ready, if necessary, to go again to Wilmington, where, it was reported on the 6th, the enemy might make his first attempt. General Bonham, who had succeeded the Honorable F. W. Pickens as Governor of South Carolina, was urged to make all timely preparations for the impending Federal expedition, should Charleston, and not Wilmington and Weldon, become the point of attack. General Beauregard had long studied the problem of how best to deal with the Federal monitors, in the event of their forcing a passage into the harbor of Charleston. The following letter gives one of the conclusions at which he had arrived: Headquarters, Department, S. C., Ga., and Fla., Charleston, S. C., Jan. 15th, 1863. Brig.-Genl. R. S. Ripley, Commanding First Military Dist., etc.: General,—The Commanding General wishes you to organize and trai
e, and Lee would be driven back towards Richmond, admitting that his supplies would enable him to maintain his army that long on the south side of the Potomac; or a large army might be concentrated here, and, having taken this place and marched into the interior, towards Augusta, the Confederacy would again be subdivided; or, should the enemy find it impossible or too tedious to take Charleston, he might concentrate again his forces on the coast of North Carolina, and, marching to Raleigh or Weldon, would cut off all our present communications with Virginia. The question now arises, can these calamities be avoided, and in what way? If my opinion for once could be listened to, I would say again, act entirely on the defensive in Virginia, send you immediately 25,000 men from Lee's army, 5000 or 10,000 more from Johnston's forces, to enable you to take the offensive forthwith, and cross the Tennessee to crush Rosecrans before he can be reinforced to any large extent from any quarter.
, or safety against a coup de main— and concentrate in this way every soldier possible for operations against General Grant. Such strategic points as Richmond, Weldon, Wilmington, Charleston, Savannah, Mobile, and Meridian—or Jackson, Mississippi, at the same time— should be fortified, garrisoned, and provisioned, according to ard. The order was therefore issued. It was as follows: Richmond, April 15th, 1864. General G. T. Beauregard: Repair with least delay practicable to Weldon, N. C., where instructions will be sent to you. S. Cooper, Adjt. and Insp.-Genl. On the 16th no general officer had yet been sent to relieve him. This made him uartment would be obeyed with alacrity by General Hill. G. T. Beauregard. On the 17th he sent the following telegram to General Whiting: Am ordered to Weldon for present, but am desirous to see you as I pass through Wilmington, on Wednesday, about 10 o'clock. G. T. Beauregard. On the 18th General Cooper received t<
Chapter 35: Arrival of General Beauregard at Weldon, April 22d. he Disapproves operations against Plymouth andrrors of Mr. Davis.> General Beauregard reached Weldon, North Carolina, on the 22d of April, 1864; but, contrary to the a staff whose services he deemed indispensable. While at Weldon, watching and aiding certain operations specially ordered in case of a sudden attack by the enemy upon Petersburg or Weldon. He advised the division of his Department into three mil, Va., April 28th, 1864. General G. T. Beauregard, Weldon, North Carolina: General,—Your written communication of the 25td at Kinston to facilitate the transport of his troops via Weldon. No time was lost in carrying out the order. and sent to the arrival of the last two brigades, hourly expected from Weldon, and also to see General Whiting, then just arriving to taiments of Hoke's and Kemper's brigade now at Hicksford and Weldon. If they cannot come with you, order Dearing's cavalry to
eral Lee had not yet become sufficiently familiar with the position of our various commands on the new line occupied. Comparative quiet now prevailed in both armies, and Federals as well as Confederates were actively engaged in strengthening their defensive works. On the 21st, however, the 2d and 6th Federal Corps were withdrawn from the lines and sent on a flanking movement to the left, with a view to encircle the besieged city farther towards the west, and, if possible, to seize the Weldon road. The 2d Corps (Hancock's), now temporarily under General Birney, had the lead. It established itself west of the Jerusalem plank road, and soon formed a junction with a division (Griffin's) of the 5th Corps, which had been posted on the east side. The other corps (the 6th) came up during the night, taking position on the left and rear of the 2d; and Wilson's and Kautz's cavalry were then sent to cut the Weldon and Southside railroads. General Lee divined the intention of the enemy
an 4455 killed, wounded, and missing. Swinton, Army of the Potomac, p. 535. This shows what a strong effort General Lee had made to dislodge the enemy from the Weldon road. Unfortunately, and owing to the impossibility of sending additional reinforcements, he failed in his purpose. He would not and could not afford to sacrifipensable, for we still held the Danville route, by which Richmond as well as the army could be provisioned. It was during this attempt to regain the use of the Weldon road that, on the 21st of August, General Hagood, of South Carolina, distinguished himself in a personal encounter with a Federal officer. Owing to inaccurate eauregard entered on the duties assigned to him at Charleston. He discovered a change for the worse, in the condition of the defences, since his departure for Weldon, N. C., about seven months before. The system of signals and telegraphs that he had established along the coast of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, by which to
oper Commanders. By command of General Beauregard. Jno. M. Otey, A. A. G. The outlook for the immediate future of the Confederacy had become very alarming. Hood's army, near Nashville, was seriously threatened by Thomas, who was hourly awaiting his coming reinforcements. Sherman, almost unimpeded in his march through Georgia, had all but reached his destination. News had also been received that two corps of Grant's army, reinforced by cavalry, were advancing in North Carolina, via Weldon, with a large train of wagons; and General Beauregard was asked for troops with which to oppose the reported movement. See General Whiting's telegram, in Appendix. In a long and explicit letter to President Davis, General Beauregard thus explained the situation in General Hardee's Department: Charleston, S. C., Dec. 13th, 1864. To his Excellency President Jefferson Davis, Richmond, Va.: (Confidential.) Sir,—I arrived here, on my way to Savannah, on the evening of the 7th,
moirs. See his answer to General Johnston, vol. II., p. 347 For about fifteen days after its junction with General Schofield this army remained quiet near Goldsboroa, preparatory, as it appears, to the effort General Sherman was about to make to place it north of Roanoke River, and in full communication with the Army of the Potomac. Ibid., vol. II., p. 341. The small Confederate army, under General Johnston, stood between the two roads leading to Raleigh on the one hand, and to Weldon, on the other, so as to be ahead of the enemy on whichever line of march he might adopt, and in order, also, to be able to unite with the Army of Northern Virginia, in case General Lee should favor such a movement, although it was now, probably, too late to carry it out successfully. The position was wisely selected. Wheeler's cavalry was stationed north, and Butler's south, of the enemy's camps surrounding Goldsboroa. On the 1st of April, owing to a despatch just received from General
he system. G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Weldon, N. C., April 25th, 1864:4.25 P. M. Genl. Braxton of this Department. G. T. B. Telegram. Weldon, N. C., April 29th, 1864:3.45 P. M. Genl. Pickettrailroad. G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Weldon, N. C., May 4th, 1864. Major-Genl. W. H. C. Whiti (Received at 4. P. M.) Telegram. Weldon, N. C., May 4th, 1864. President Jeff. Davis, Ricou to-day. G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Weldon, N. C., May 5th, 1864: 12 M. Major-Genl. R. F. Ho vicinity? G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Weldon, N. C., May 5th, 1864. Major-Genl. G. E. Pickett,ll others. G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Weldon, N. C., May 5th, 1864. Genl. Pickett, Petersburg,eral days. G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Weldon, N. C., May 5th, 1864. Genl. G. E. Pickett, Peter possible. G. T. Beauregard. Telegram. Weldon, N. C., May 7th, 1864. Genl. R. F. Hoke, Kinston,ision of cavalry marching on North Carolina by Weldon, with large amount of wagons and cattle. Requ[43 more...]