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Polybius, Histories, book 10, Topography of Carthagena (search)
Topography of Carthagena It stands about half-way down the coast of Iberia in Description of New Carthage. a gulf which faces south-west, running about twenty stades inland, and about ten stades broad at its entrance. The whole gulf is made a harbour by the fact that an islandEscombrera (*skombrari/a). I must refer my readers to Mr. Strachan-Davidson's appendix on The Site of the Spanish Carthage for a discussion of these details. See above 2, 13; Livy, 26, 42. lies at its mouth and thus makes the entrance channels on each side of it exceedingly narrow. It breaks the force of the waves also, and the whole gulf has thus smooth water, except when south-west winds setting down the two channels raise a surf: with all other winds it is perfectly calm, from being so nearly landlocked. In the recess of the gulf a mountain juts out in the form of a chersonese, and it is on this mountain that the city stands, surrounded by the sea on the east and south, and on the west by a lagoon extending so
acy as soon as it is formed. The London Times, in an article on the disunion movement in America, asserts that the United States cannot for many years be to the world what they have been. --(Doc. 25.) An effort was made by the New York police to seize a quantity of fire-arms which were known to be shipped on board the steamer Montgomery. While the officers were searching on board for the arms, the captain ordered the vessel's fasts to be cut, and she steamed away from the pier, scarcely giving the policemen time to jump ashore. The five hundred muskets found on board the schooner Caspian were returned to the captain, the authorities being satisfied that the vessel was bound to Carthagena.--Chicago Tribune. The United States arsenal at Augusta, Ga., was surrendered to the State authorities, upon the demand of Governor Brown.--Baltimore Sun, Jan. 25. The Catawba Indians of South Carolina offered their services to Governor Pickens, and were accepted.--Times, Jan. 25.
What, then, at such a crisis, becomes the duty of the Government? Send your ministers instantly to the diplomatic assembly, where the measure is maturing. Advise with them — remonstrate--menace, if necessary — against a step so dangerous to us, and perhaps fatal to them. had so protracted the discussion that it was found too late for Mr. Sergeant to reach Panama at the time appointed for the meeting of the Congress; June 22, 1826. and Mr. Anderson, then Minister to Colombia, when at Carthagena on his way to Panama, was attacked by a malignant fever, whereof he died. But, long ere this, the jealousy of the slaveholders had been aroused, and their malign influence upon the course of our Government made manifest. Among the means employed to render the Panama Congress odious at the South, was the fact that John Sergeant, the more conspicuous of our envoys, had sternly opposed the admission of Missouri as a Slave State. And then, to cap the climax, John Sergeant, too, must g
anded also. The Sumter is a dangerous neighbor, and likely to do much harm to the North American commerce in the Caribbean seas. In capturing vessels, the steamer has generally used the English colors. She is quite a pretty boat, and steams well. Her burden is five hundred tons, carries six guns, and about one hundred and thirty men. The officers appear to be well educated, and of accommodating manners. They say, with the Maxwell, they have captured ten prizes, which have been sent to Carthagena. When she returned in the port, the fort was prepared to give her a few shots, for having taken the Joseph Maxwell in Venezuelan waters, but after some reflection it was thought that the steamer might escape, and then she would destroy all the Venezuelan war vessels she might find cruising on the coast. I would state that the Amy Bradford was captured about seventy miles to the N. E. of this port, at eight o'clock A. M., on the morning of the 25th. Salza. The following is a copy of t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boscawen, Edward, 1711- (search)
Boscawen, Edward, 1711- Naval officer; born in Cornwall, England, Aug. 19, 1711; son of Viscount Falmouth; was made a captain in the royal navy in March, 1737. Distinguished at Porto Bello and Carthagena, he was promoted to the command of a 60-gun ship in 1744, in which he took the Media. He signalized himself under Anson in the battle off Cape Finisterre in 1747, and against the French in the East Indies as rear-admiral the next year. He made himself master of Madras, and returned to England in 1751. Admiral of the Blue, he commanded an expedition against Louisburg, Cape Breton, in 1758, with General Amherst. In 1759 he defeated the French fleet in the Mediterranean, capturing 2,000 prisoners. For these services he was made general of the marines and member of the privy council. Parliament also granted him a pension of $15,000 a year. He died Jan. 10, 1761.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buccaneers, the, (search)
he sea. They extended their operations. The French buccaneers made their Headquarters in Santo Domingo, and the English in Jamaica, during the long war between France and Spain (1635-60) and afterwards; and they were so numerous and bold that Spanish commerce soon declined, and Spanish ships dared not venture to America. Finding their own gains diminishing from want of richly laden vessels to plunder, they ceased pillaging vessels, and attacked and plundered Spanish towns on the coast of Central and South America. A number of these were seized, and immense treasures were carried away in the form of plunder or ransom. At Carthagena, in 1697, they procured $8,000,000. Their operations were finally broken up by an alliance against them of the English, Dutch, and Spanish governments. Exasperated at the conduct of the Spaniards in Florida, the Carolinas were disposed to give the buccaneers assistance in plundering then; and in 1684-9)3 they were sheltered in the harbor of Charleston
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gooch, Sir Williams 1681-1751 (search)
Gooch, Sir Williams 1681-1751 Colonial governor; born in Yarmouth, Eng., Oct. 21, 1681; had been an officer under Marlborough, and in 1740 commanded in the unsuccessful attack on Carthagena. In 1746 he was made a brigadier-general and was knighted, and in 1747 a major-general. He ruled with equity in Virginia, and was never complained of. He returned to England in 1749, and died in London, Dec. 17, 1751.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Haviland, William 1718- (search)
Haviland, William 1718- Military officer; born in Ireland in 1718; served in the British army at Carthagena and Porto Bello; and was aide to General Blakeney in suppressing the rebellion of 1745. He was lieutenant-colonel under Loudon in America (1757) ; served with Abercrombie at Ticonderoga (1758), and under Amherst (1759-60), entering Montreal with the latter officer in September, 1760. He was senior brigadier-general and second in command at the reduction of Martinique in 1762, and at the siege of Havana. He was made lieutenant-general in 1772, and general in 1783, and died Sept. 16, 1784.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Miranda, Francisco 1756- (search)
At that time there was much irritation of feeling between the United States and Spain, and the government officers averted their eyes from Miranda's doings. His preparations for the expedition were made at New York, while he resided at Washington, D. C., and was on intimate social relations with President Jefferson and Secretary Madison. He chartered the ship Leander at New York, and she sailed from that port (February) with arms and about 250 men. He was joined by other vessels. The expedition reached Caracas in safety, and, with the help of the English in that quarter, Miranda took possession of two or three towns on the coast. The people would not listen to his offers of liberty. The Spaniards captured two transports, with about sixty Americans, and the expedition ended in failure about three months after the Leander left New York. Miranda escaped to Carthagena, when Bolivar delivered him to the Spaniards, who confined him in a dungeon in Cadiz till his death, July 14, 1816.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Skene, Philip 1725-1810 (search)
Skene, Philip 1725-1810 Military officer; born in London, England, in 1725; entered the British army in 1739, and served against Porto Bello and Carthagena; also in Great Britain in the rebellion of 1745. He came to America in 1756, and was wounded in the attack on Ticonderoga. He was afterwards placed in command at Crown Point, and projected a settlement at the head of Lake Champlain, on the site of Whitehall. In the storming of Morro Castle (1762) he was one of the first to enter the breach. His settlement at the head of Lake Champlain was called Skenesboro, and in 1770 he made his residence there. Adhering to the crown, he was arrested in Philadelphia, but was exchanged in 1776. He accompanied Burgoyne's expedition, and was with the British force defeated at Bennington. He was taken prisoner at Saratoga. The legislature confiscated his property in 1779. He died in Bucks, England, June 10, 1810.
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