Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Carthagena (Ohio, United States) or search for Carthagena (Ohio, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boscawen, Edward, 1711- (search)
Boscawen, Edward, 1711- Naval officer; born in Cornwall, England, Aug. 19, 1711; son of Viscount Falmouth; was made a captain in the royal navy in March, 1737. Distinguished at Porto Bello and Carthagena, he was promoted to the command of a 60-gun ship in 1744, in which he took the Media. He signalized himself under Anson in the battle off Cape Finisterre in 1747, and against the French in the East Indies as rear-admiral the next year. He made himself master of Madras, and returned to England in 1751. Admiral of the Blue, he commanded an expedition against Louisburg, Cape Breton, in 1758, with General Amherst. In 1759 he defeated the French fleet in the Mediterranean, capturing 2,000 prisoners. For these services he was made general of the marines and member of the privy council. Parliament also granted him a pension of $15,000 a year. He died Jan. 10, 1761.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buccaneers, the, (search)
he sea. They extended their operations. The French buccaneers made their Headquarters in Santo Domingo, and the English in Jamaica, during the long war between France and Spain (1635-60) and afterwards; and they were so numerous and bold that Spanish commerce soon declined, and Spanish ships dared not venture to America. Finding their own gains diminishing from want of richly laden vessels to plunder, they ceased pillaging vessels, and attacked and plundered Spanish towns on the coast of Central and South America. A number of these were seized, and immense treasures were carried away in the form of plunder or ransom. At Carthagena, in 1697, they procured $8,000,000. Their operations were finally broken up by an alliance against them of the English, Dutch, and Spanish governments. Exasperated at the conduct of the Spaniards in Florida, the Carolinas were disposed to give the buccaneers assistance in plundering then; and in 1684-9)3 they were sheltered in the harbor of Charleston
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gooch, Sir Williams 1681-1751 (search)
Gooch, Sir Williams 1681-1751 Colonial governor; born in Yarmouth, Eng., Oct. 21, 1681; had been an officer under Marlborough, and in 1740 commanded in the unsuccessful attack on Carthagena. In 1746 he was made a brigadier-general and was knighted, and in 1747 a major-general. He ruled with equity in Virginia, and was never complained of. He returned to England in 1749, and died in London, Dec. 17, 1751.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Haviland, William 1718- (search)
Haviland, William 1718- Military officer; born in Ireland in 1718; served in the British army at Carthagena and Porto Bello; and was aide to General Blakeney in suppressing the rebellion of 1745. He was lieutenant-colonel under Loudon in America (1757) ; served with Abercrombie at Ticonderoga (1758), and under Amherst (1759-60), entering Montreal with the latter officer in September, 1760. He was senior brigadier-general and second in command at the reduction of Martinique in 1762, and at the siege of Havana. He was made lieutenant-general in 1772, and general in 1783, and died Sept. 16, 1784.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Miranda, Francisco 1756- (search)
At that time there was much irritation of feeling between the United States and Spain, and the government officers averted their eyes from Miranda's doings. His preparations for the expedition were made at New York, while he resided at Washington, D. C., and was on intimate social relations with President Jefferson and Secretary Madison. He chartered the ship Leander at New York, and she sailed from that port (February) with arms and about 250 men. He was joined by other vessels. The expedition reached Caracas in safety, and, with the help of the English in that quarter, Miranda took possession of two or three towns on the coast. The people would not listen to his offers of liberty. The Spaniards captured two transports, with about sixty Americans, and the expedition ended in failure about three months after the Leander left New York. Miranda escaped to Carthagena, when Bolivar delivered him to the Spaniards, who confined him in a dungeon in Cadiz till his death, July 14, 1816.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Skene, Philip 1725-1810 (search)
Skene, Philip 1725-1810 Military officer; born in London, England, in 1725; entered the British army in 1739, and served against Porto Bello and Carthagena; also in Great Britain in the rebellion of 1745. He came to America in 1756, and was wounded in the attack on Ticonderoga. He was afterwards placed in command at Crown Point, and projected a settlement at the head of Lake Champlain, on the site of Whitehall. In the storming of Morro Castle (1762) he was one of the first to enter the breach. His settlement at the head of Lake Champlain was called Skenesboro, and in 1770 he made his residence there. Adhering to the crown, he was arrested in Philadelphia, but was exchanged in 1776. He accompanied Burgoyne's expedition, and was with the British force defeated at Bennington. He was taken prisoner at Saratoga. The legislature confiscated his property in 1779. He died in Bucks, England, June 10, 1810.
The fleet conveyed an army of 12,000 men, led by General Cathcart, and the number of seamen amounted to 15,000. The army was composed of British regulars, battalions from the American colonies, and negroes from Jamaica—the greatest armament ever seen in the West Indies. The second in command of the troops was Sir Alexander Spottswood (q. v.), formerly governor of Virginia. The expedition met with disaster. While the fleet, with the soldiers yet on hoard the transports, was blockading Carthagena, the yellow fever broke out among them with great fury. Cathcart and Spottswood perished by the disease, and the command devolved on General Wentworth, who could not agree with Vernon. After several unsuccessful attacks upon the city, the enterprise was abandoned, with immense loss, chiefly through sickness. Additional troops were sent from Massachusetts, and, with them, Vernon sailed for Cuba, but was unsuccessful. A fleet under Anson, which had been sent to the Pacific to repeat th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
rcourse act......April 19, 1809 Eleventh Congress, first session (extra), convenes......May 22, 1809 Francisco Miranda, a native of South America, aiming to overthrow the Spanish power in Caracas, South America, engages a vessel, the Leander, and with about 250 men sails from New York, February, 1806. Although reinforced by some other vessels, and gaining some advantages, the expedition results in failure. The Americans of the expedition captured by the Spaniards, while confined at Carthagena, petition their government for relief, June 9. A resolution requesting the President to take measures for their liberation, if satisfied that they are entitled to it, is offered in the House; it is lost (61 to 61) by the speaker's casting vote......June 14, 1809 First session (extra) adjourns......June 28, 1809 Great Britain not revoking her Orders in council of 1807, the President proclaims the Non-intercourse act still in force towards that country......Aug. 9, 1809 David M. E
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
..May 29, 1736 First newspaper in Virginia, the Virginia Gazette, published by William Parks, appears at Williamsburg......August, 1736 Richmond settled by William Byrd......1739 Virginia raises a regiment to assist in the reduction of Carthagena, West Indies. Lawrence Washington, half-brother of George Washington, is a captain in it, embarking......1740 Mount Vernon, named by Lawrence Washington after Admiral Vernon, who commanded the fleet against Carthagena......1740 George WhCarthagena......1740 George Whitefield comes to Virginia......1740 Richmond incorporated......1742 Augustine Washington, father of George Washington, dies......April, 1743 Thomas Jefferson born in Albemarle county......April 2, 1743 Dr. Thomas Walker, of the council of Virginia, crosses and names the Cumberland Mountains......1747 Harper's Ferry, named after Robert Harper, an English millwright, who obtains a grant of it from Lord Fairfax......1748 Thomas Lee, of the council, proposes to form the Ohio Compa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Vernon, Edward 1684-1757 (search)
to the West Indies, with the commission of viceadmiral of the blue. With six men-of-war he captured Porto Bello on the day after the attack (Nov. 23, 1739), the English losing only seven men. For this exploit a commemorative medal was struck, bearing an effigy of the admiral on one disk. and a town and six ships on the other. With twenty-nine ships-of-the-line and eighty small vessels, bearing 15,000 sailors and 12,000 land troops, Vernon sailed from Jamaica (January, 1741) to attack Carthagena, but was repulsed with heavy loss. Twenty thousand men perished, chiefly by a malignant fever. The admiral was afterwards in Parliament several years, and during the invasion of the Young Pretender in 1745 he was employed to guard the coasts of Kent and Suffolk; but soon afterwards, on account of a quarrel with the admiralty, his name was struck from the list of admirals. Lawrence Washington, a brother of General Washington, then a spirited young man of twenty-two, bearing a captain's
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