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ew around him a band in which craftiness, audacity, and superstition, accompanied by an American aptitude for organization, were the marked characteristics. A sect was founded. Converts were made rapidly, and colonies were established at Kirtland, Ohio, and Independence, Missouri. Great missionary enterprises were undertaken, and the sect was separated into a distinct body, organized for political and ecclesiastical ends, and literally, not figuratively, at war with the world. Horse-steaas born in Vermont, June 1, 1801, whence he was removed while an infant to New York by his father, who was a small farmer. Though brought up to farm-labor, he became a painter and glazier. He was an early proselyte in 1832, and joined Smith at Kirtland. He soon attained a high place in Smith's confidence, and in rank in the church. In 1835 he was made an apostle, and in 1836, president of the twelve apostles. He was absent in England two years on a successful mission; but, except during thi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mormons, (search)
guided by a series of revelations. By one of these he was directed to lead the believers to Kirtland, O., which was to be the seat of the New Jerusalem. They went, and converts rapidly appeared. De, Smith dedicated the site for the temple to be erected by the Saints. Then they went back to Kirtland to remain five years and make money. There they established a mill, a store, and a bank. Smit v.), a native of Vermont, a painter and glazier, became a convert, and joined the Mormons at Kirtland. His ability and shrewdness soon made him a leader, and when a new organization of the Church ordained one of them, and was sent out to preach the new gospel. They built a costly temple at Kirtland, which was dedicated in 1836. Their first missionaries to Europe were sent in 1837. Early the next year the bank at Kirtland failed, and Smith and Rigdon, to avoid arrest for fraud, decamped in the night and took refuge in Missouri, where a large number of Mormons had gathered. They were dri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nauvoo, (search)
Nauvoo, A city in Hancock county, Ill., which in 1831 was selected as the gathering-place of the Mormons, but the bulk of the community did not leave Kirtland, O., until 1838. The citizens of Illinois determined to expel these people, and arrested the prophet Joseph Smith in 1844 and carried him to jail, where a mob shot him. Within a few months Brigham Young, his successor, determined to remove the entire community to a site west of the Rocky Mountains. Sixteen thousand Mormons crossed the Mississippi in May, 1846, on their way westward, leaving about 1,000 behind them with instructions to sell the remaining property and join the main body as soon as possible. Nauvoo in 1900 had a population of 1,321. See Mormons.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Missouri, (search)
until 1851......1821 St. Louis incorporated a city; population, 4,800......Dec. 9, 1822 Public reception of Lafayette in St. Louis......April 29, 1825 Gov. Frederick Bates dies......Aug. 1, 1825 Seat of government removed from St. Charles to Jefferson City, and legislature holds its first session there......Nov. 20, 1826 Joseph Smith, the Mormon leader, having found a location for Zion at Independence, Jackson county, in 1831, which he names The New Jerusalem, arrives from Kirtland, O., with many followers......1832 St. Louis University, founded 1829; incorporated......December, 1832 Mormons in Missouri publish a paper, the Evening Star, the sentiments of which are obnoxious to the people, who tar and feather the bishop and two others, and throw the presses into the river. On Oct. 31 an encounter occurs in which two citizens and one Mormon are killed. On Nov. 2 the Mormons attack Independence, but are routed and forced to promise to leave the county before. Jan
828 County school tax increased to 3/4 mill......1829 Population: 937,903, 22.7 to square mile......1830 College of Teachers organized at Cincinnati......1831 James A. Garfield born at Orange, Cuyahoga county......Nov. 19, 1831 Great floods throughout Ohio......1832 Lane Theological Seminary (Presbyterian) opened at Cincinnati......1832 Charter granted to the Cincinnati, Sandusky, and Cleveland Railroad......June 5, 1832 Mormons, under Joseph Smith, settled at Kirtland, Lake county......1832 Ohio and Lake Erie Canal, from Portsmouth on the Ohio to Cleveland on Lake Erie, 307 miles, cost $5,000,000, finished......1832 Law School opened at Cincinnati College......1833 Oberlin College opened at Oberlin......1833 School tax increased to 1 mill......1834 Maumee Canal, Cincinnati to Defiance, 178 miles, where it meets the Wabash and Erie; whole distance to Lake Erie, 265 miles, cost $3,750,000, finished......1834 County school tax increased to 1 1/
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Young, Brigham 1801-1877 (search)
Young, Brigham 1801-1877 Mormon president; born in Whitingham, Vt., June 1, 1801; joined the Mormons at Kirtland, O., in 1832, and by shrewdness and energy soon became influential among them. He was appointed one of the apostles sent out in 1835 to make converts; and on the death of Joseph Smith, the founder of the Mormon Church, in 1844, became its president, prophet, and high-priest. Informing his followers that the region Scene in the Yosemite Valley. of the Great Salt Lake, in mid-continent, was the promised land of the Mormons, they abandoned Nauvoo in 1846, after being cannonaded by exasperated citizens of that region. The following year Brigham Young led a few persons to Great Salt Lake Valley, and in May, 1848, the great body of the Mormons arrived there and founded Salt Lake City. Appointed the first territorial governor of Utah, he Brigham young. assumed a political independence which was offensive to the United States government, and from time to time he ga
Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, Louis Agassiz: his life and correspondence, third edition, Chapter 17: 1852-1855: Aet. 45-48. (search)
s of the State of New York. I cannot, of course, expect you to survey your State for me, but among your acquaintance in various parts of your State are there not those who, with proper directions, could do the work for me? I would, of course, gladly repay all their expenses. The subject seems to me so important as to justify any effort in that direction. Little may be added to the knowledge of the fishes themselves, for I suppose most of the species have been described either by De Kay, Kirtland, or Storer; but a careful study of their special geographical distribution may furnish results as important to zoology as the knowledge of the species themselves. If you cannot write yourself, will you give me the names of such persons as might be persuaded to aid in the matter. I know from your own observations in former times that you have already collected similar facts for the Unios, so that you will at once understand and appreciate my object. . . . He writes in the same strain a
Hunt, Rev. Samuel103, 104 Hutchinson Collection, The42 Hutchinson, Mrs. Jacob T.104 Indian Wars, The40 Inman House, The, Cambridge94 Ipswich Female Seminary103 Ipswich, Mass.20, 40 Ireland, Shadrach15 Israel Putnam and Bunker Hill85 Israel Putnam and Prospect Hill85 Jackson, George Russell6 Jaques, Samuel53, 55 Jennor (Jenner), Elizabeth62 John Abbot Lodge101 Kemble, Miss4 Kentucky7 Kettell, Deacon Joseph60 King's Chapel, Boston13, 38 King Philip's War34 King William38 Kirtland, Susanna33 Knapp, Mrs. O. S.46 Knowlton, Captain90 Ladies' Repository, The8, 9, 25, 27 Lake Champlain49 Lake Sunapee52 Lake Winnepesaukee56 Landgrave of Hesse10 Larion, Johannah11, 13 Larion, Louis13 Lathrop, Ellen20 Lathrop, Rev. Thomas L.10 Latin Schoolhouse, Boston13 Leathe, Edwin66 Lechmere Point, Cambridge87, 94 Lee, General Charles78, 87, 95 Lefevre10 Leonard, Chaplain95 Lexington, Mass.6, 8, 73, 78 Lexington, Battle of88 Lexington Common79 Libbey, Mrs. Katherine