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ng June the confronting Union and Confederate forces began to produce the conflicts and casualties of earnest war. As yet they were both few and unimportant: the assassination of Ellsworth when Alexandria was occupied; a slight cavalry skirmish at Fairfax Court House; the rout of a Confederate regiment at Philippi, West Virginia; the blundering leadership through which two Union detachments fired upon each other in the dark at Big Bethel, Virginia; the ambush of a Union railroad train at Vienna Station; and Lyon's skirmish, which scattered the first collection of rebels at Boonville, Missouri. Comparatively speaking, all these were trivial in numbers of dead and wounded — the first few drops of blood before the heavy sanguinary showers the future was destined to bring. But the effect upon the public was irritating and painful to a degree entirely out of proportion to their real extent and gravity. The relative loss and gain in these affairs was not greatly unequal. The victories
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 14: Manassas. (search)
alone, the North demanded speedy as well as signal redress. It saw rebellion enthroned in the capital of Virginia; it saw a numerous Union army gathered at Washington; the newspapers raised the cry of On to Richmond; and the popular heart beat in quick and well-nigh unanimous response to the slogan. Latterly a detachment sent out by General Butler from Fortress Monroe had met a repulse at Great Bethel, and near Washington a railroad-train under General Schenck had run into an ambush at Vienna station; both were trifling losses, but at the moment supremely irritating to the pride of the North, and the fires of patriotic resentment once more blazed up with fresh intensity. General Scott's first project of an expedition against Manassas was made about the beginning of June, the object then being not to fight a battle, but merely make a threatening diversion to aid Patterson. There were at that time only some six thousand rebels at Manassas, according to Beauregard's report. Before
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
titude of, with regard to secession, 13 et seq.; secession of, 14 Thomas, Secretary, 26 Thomas, Colonel, 166 Thompson, Jeff., 118 Thompson, Secretary, 17, 20, 30, 33 Toombs, Senator, 12, 42 Toucey, Secretary, 33 Townsend, Colonel, 153 Twiggs, General, treachery of, 14 Tyler, General, Daniel, commands First Division in the advance on Manassas, 174; his advance, 177, 178 U. Union Mills Ford, 176, note V. Varian, Captain, 174 Vernon, Mount, Va, 102 Vienna Station, Va., ambush at, 172 Virginia, attitude of,with regard to secession, 51 et seq., 80; secession, 98; extent and character of, 137 et seq., 169 Virginia, East, 137; vote on Secession Ordinance, 142 Virginia, West, 131, 133, 137, 141; vote on Secession Ordinance, 142; organized as separate State, 144 et seq.; map of West Virginia battles, 148; admitted into the Union, 154 Volunteers, first enlistment of, 75; new, called for, 106 W. Walker, Secretary, 57, 91 Walker,
, the Potomac, Goose Creek, and Gum Spring. The object was to facilitate the movement of troops in that direction, to cross the Potomac, and be prepared to oppose the enemy, should he attempt to advance by that way so as to reach the Manassas Gap Railroad, on the left of General Beauregard's position. In one of these reconnoissances, made in force—Colonel Maxey Gregg, at the head of a South Carolina regiment, casually encountered a Federal command, under General Schenck, coming into Vienna Station, on a train of cars. A shot from a section of Kemper's light battery brought them to a halt, and, after a few exchanges, the Federals retired, and the locomotive escaped, leaving the cars, which were burned. This was the first hostile meeting, excepting the brilliant midnight dash of Lieutenant Tompkins against the Confederate outposts at Fairfax Court-House. On the 4th of July the Confederate pickets, well in advance of Fairfax Court-House, captured a sergeant and a private—the lat
as a soldier, and your zeal as a patriot, you are appointed to be General in the army of the Confederate States of America, and, with the consent of the Congress, will be duly commissioned accordingly. Yours, etc., Jefferson Davis. General G. T. Beauregard. On the 23d, Hunton's 8th Virginia, with three companies of cavalry, was ordered to re-occupy Leesburg, and Bonham's brigade, with Delaware Kemper's and Shields's batteries and a force of cavalry, were ordered to advance to Vienna Station, and Longstreet to Centreville. As the leading column was approaching Fairfax Court-House, Captain Terry, of Texas, a noted marksman, lowered the Federal flag by cutting the halliards with a rifle ball. This flag was sent, through General Longstreet, as a present to General Beauregard, but was placed among the stock of trophies where it belonged, as well as a larger flag, offered to Mr. Davis, who had already left Manassas for Richmond. Many spoils were gathered during and after the b
By command of General Beauregard. Thomas Jordan, A. A. Genl. Headquarters army of the Potomac, Manassas, July 23d, 1861. Special Orders, No. 149. I. Brigadier-General Bonham will advance his command forthwith, and occupy Vienna Station. His command will consist of the troops of the 1st brigade of this army, Kemper's and Shields's batteries, all cavalry at present attached, and as many companies of Colonel Radford's regiment of cavalry as are not assigned to other brigades. II. The utmost degree of military precaution must be exercised in the execution of these orders, especially in approaching within several miles of Vienna Station; and no unnecessary exposure of our men to fire from intrenchments must occur. The ground in advance, therefore, must be carefully reconnoitred; but at the same time celerity of movement is of great importance. By command of General Beauregard. Thomas Jordan, A. A. Genl. Headquarters 1ST corps army of the Potomac,
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Additional Sketches Illustrating the services of officers and Privates and patriotic citizens of South Carolina. (search)
and after the battle of Sharpsburg promoted to fourth sergeant, serving as such until after the battle of Gettysburg, when he was made first lieutenant and retired to light duty, having been seriously wounded. He was assigned duty in the provost marshal's department and was stationed at Columbia, and afterward at Branchville, S. C. He surrendered with his command to General Stoneman on the Catawba river, April 17, 1865. He participated in the following engagements: Fall of Fort Sumter, Vienna Station, Va.; Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill, Frayser's Farm, Malvern Hill, Cedar Mountain, Second Manassas, Ox Hill, Harper's Ferry, Sharpsburg, Shepherdstown, Snicker's Gap, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg. At the battle of Fredericksburg he was wounded by a minie ball in the right leg, and this kept him out of the service until the following June. At Gettysburg he was again wounded by a minie ball in the left thigh, and this, together with the previous wound, unfitted him for further active dut
Further particulars. We are indebted to D. G. Duncan, Esq., for the following private dispatch: Manassas Junction, June 18--Col. Gregg of the First South Carolina Regiment, with. reconnoitering party, consisting of part of the First South Carolina Regiment, with two guns and two companies of Dragoons, started on Sunday morning last for Great Falls of Potomac. On Monday evening, when on their return, they came to Vienna station on the Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad, and met there a train bearing the Fifth Ohio Regiment, Col. McCook. At the first fire, six cars were detached and the enemy fied, leaving six killed and wounded.