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J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXXV. February, 1864 (search)
was captured on a train on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. This story, Mr. Ezekiel thinks, is incorrect, from the fact that he received a letter from his son, then at Woodstock, dated subsequent to the capture of the train on that road; and he is satisfied that the articles shown him belonged to some of the parties above mentioned. February 23 Bright and pleasant. A letter from Gen. Maury indicates now that Mobile is surely to be attacked. He says they may force a passage at Grant's Pass, which is thirty miles distant; and the fleet may pass the forts and reach the lower bay. Gen. M. has 10,000 effective men, and subsistence for 20,000 for six months. He asks 6000 or 7000 more men. He has also food for 4000 horses for six months. But he has only 200 rounds for his cannon, and 250 for his siege guns, and 200 for each musket. Meal is the only food now attainable, except by the rich. We look for a healthy year, everything being so cleanly consumed that no garbage or fil
lete rout of the rebels, with considerable loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners.--(Doe. 169.) The National troops stationed at Salem, Dent County, Mo., were attacked by four hundred rebels, who were repulsed, with a loss of twenty killed and a number wounded.--the expedition against the Sioux Indians, commanded by General H. H. Sibley, returned to Fort Snelling.--the United States steamer Genesee, and gunboats Calhoun and Jackson, shelled the rebel iron-clad Gaines near the fort at Grant's Pass, below Mobile, and compelled her to retire behind the fort, together with another vessel belonging to the rebel fleet. After the retreat of the rebel iron-clad and the transport steamer behind the fort, the shelling was directed solely against the latter. Twenty-two shells from the Genesee alone, fell inside the fort, and the firing from the other boats was remarkably accurate. Sand, stones, logs of wood, etc., were sent flying upward in great quantities, and before the action terminat
February 16. An engagement took place between the rebel fort at Grant's Pass, near Mobile, and the National gunboats.--the British steamer Pet was captured by the United States gunboat Montgomery. The capture was made near Wilmington, N. C. The Pet was from Nassau, for Wilmington, with an assorted cargo of arms, shot, shell, and medicines, for the use of the rebel army. She was a superior side-wheel steamer, of seven hundred tons burthen, built in England expressly for Southern blockading purposes. She had made numerous successful trips between Nassau and Wilmington.--the blockading steamer Spunky was chased ashore and destroyed while attempting to run the blockade of Wilmington, N. C.
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 16: career of the Anglo-Confederate pirates.--closing of the Port of Mobile — political affairs. (search)
o Mobile Bay is divided by Dauphin Island, making two passages; the easterly one four miles wide and Twenty-five feet deep in the channel. The other, known as Grant's Pass, was a very narrow passage, between two little islands, and not more than five or six feet deep at low water. On one of the little islands, and commanding thethe obstructions placed there by the Confederates. In the far distance is seen a part of Mobile Point. on the easterly Point of Dauphin Island was a View at Grant's Pass. stronger work, called Fort Gaines, commanding the main entrance; and southeasterly from it, on Mobile Point, was the still stronger work, Fort Morgan, formerln the following morning, August 7. Col. Anderson, its commander, asked for conditions on which he might surrender. The frightened garrison at Fort Powell, at Grant's Pass, had abandoned that Fort, and blew up the works, as far as possible, on the night after the capture of the Tennessee. they fled in such haste, that they left t
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 19: the repossession of Alabama by the Government. (search)
ine new steamer, Frances. We passed the various batteries indicated on the map on page 507, as we went out of the harbor into the open waters of the bay. A little below Choctaw Point, and between it and Battery Gladden, See page 513. lay a half-sunken iron-clad floating battery, with a cannon on its top. The voyage down the bay was very delightful. We saw the Floating Battery. battered light-house at Fort Morgan, See page 443. in the far distance, to the left, as we turned into Grant's Pass, See page 440. and took the inner passage. The waters of the Gulf were smooth; and at dawn the next morning, we were moored at the railway wharf on the western sidle of Lake Pontchartrain. We were at the St. Charles Hotel, in New Orleans, in time for an early break-fast; and in that city, during his stay, the writer experienced the kindest courtesy and valuable assistance in the prosecution of his researches, from Generals Sheridan and Hartsuff. Two works of art, then in New Orlea
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 44: battle of Mobile Bay. (search)
first, Farragut was wise to delay his attack until the arrival of the iron-clads. In addition to the two forts above mentioned was Fort Powell, situated at Grant's Pass. This could inflict no damage to a fleet passing Morgan and Gaines, but could annoy an enemy after he had passed up as far as the anchoring ground. While wlt on an oyster bank. The Confederate engineers had exhibited great skill in its construction, and it was impervious to shot and shell. It was built to guard Grant's Pass, the entrance from Mississippi Sound to Mobile Bay, and it was very important that it should be well built and armed. A Confederate writer says: Admirieutenant-Colonel Williams (the last man) had left the fort. Farragut's chief motive in making this attack was to get the gun-boats into Mobile Bay through Grant's Pass, and to endeavor to destroy the Tennessee while she had the camels under her in crossing the Dog River bar. From all accounts Buchanan was working energetic
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
from the Army of Tennessee to that of Mississippi, had arrived at Morton. Confidence in that distinguished soldier made me feel at liberty to leave the army. I therefore went to Mobile to complete the examination of its defenses, which had been twice begun (in January and March), and on each occasion interrupted by orders of the Administration, which directed me to repair to General Bragg's headquarters. These defenses seemed to me very imperfect. They consisted of a little work at Grant's Pass, in which three guns were mounted; Fort Morgan on the east, and an unfinished work on the west side of the entrance to the bay from the gulf, which (the entrance) is three miles wide, and an interior line of batteries to command the channels leading from the bay to the city; the left of this line, however, would have been commanded by batteries placed on the eastern shore of the bay. A line of redoubts from the river-bank north of the city, to the bay-shore southwest of it, promised a suf
ts. F. S. Ferguson, Lee Hammond, R. N. Campbell and J. W. Whiting were also captured there. Capts. Wm. B. Hughes and N. J. Smith were wounded and captured at Fort Morgan. Extracts from official war Records. Vol. Vi—(819) Army of Mobile, February 1, 1862. Vol. XVII, Part 2—(659) Forsyth ordered to report at Chattanooga, July 26, 1862. No. 42—(39) In Slaughter's brigade, Maury's army, June 8, 1863. (131) In Powell's brigade, Maury's army, August 1st. (157) At Fort Morgan and Grant's Pass, August 10th. (275) In Shoup's brigade, September 30th, Maj. J. T. Gee. (402) In Shoup's brigade, November 10th. (511, 562) In Higgins' brigade, December. No. 56—(630) Ordered to Meridian, November 4, 1863. (729) General Maury asks for battery, November 21st. No. 58—(582) In Higgins' brigade, January 20, 1864. No. 59—(861) Under Lieut.-Col. R. C. Forsyth, Page's brigade, April 30, 1864. No. 77—(428) At Fort Gaines, August 3, 1864. No. 78
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 35. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.49 (search)
of Cape Fear River, and at that time was a messmate of Admiral Dewey, who was then a lieutenant-commander. Admiral Roberts recently visited the old forts near Mobile, Ala. I have learned, said Admiral Roberts, that in the summer of 1863, before the attempt was made to run by Forts Morgan and Gaines, mosquitoes prevented the death or capture of Admiral Farragut. The mortar fleet of Admiral Farragut, while anchored in Mississippi Sound, within shelling distance of Fort Powell, at Grant's Pass, was bombarding that stronghold. Admiral Farragut was on one of the blockading vessels at Sand Island, in the gulf off Mobile Bay. In order to personally look after the shelling operations the admiral would run down the island on the gulf side, land in a small boat opposite the mortar fleet, and cross Dauphin Island, which was very narrow at that point. He would meet a small boat on the sound side, which conveyed him to the mortar fleet. On these trips he was usually accompanied by
Defences of Mobile. --A correspondent of the Mobile Tribune indignantly denies a statement made by that journal that Mobile is vulnerable to an attack from the sea. He asserts that it would be impossible for even a gunboat to escape the fire of Fort Morgan, and that a battery of three guns, which could be thrown up in a few hours at Grant's Pass, would effectually prevent the entrance of any naval force.
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