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Plato, Republic, Book 1, section 351c (search)
hen, Science of Ethics, Chapter. VIII. 31: “It (the loyalty of a thief to his gang) is rather a spurious or class morality,” etc.; Carlyle: “Neither James Boswell's good book, nor any other good thinng . . . is or can be performed by any man in virtue of his badness, but always solely in spite thereof.” Proclus, In Rempub. Kroll i. 20 expands this idea. Dante (ConvivioI. xii.) attributes to the Philosopher in the fifth of the ethics the saying that even robbers and plunderers love justice. Locke (Human Understanding i. 3) denies that this proves the principles of justice innate: “They practise them as rules of convenience within their own commu
Plato, Republic, Book 3, section 391b (search)
And how he was disobedient to the river,Scamander. Iliad 21.130-132. who was a god and was ready to fight with him, and again that he said of the locks of his hair, consecrated to her river Spercheius: ‘This let me give to take with him my hair to the hero, Patroclus,’Hom. Il. 23.151Cf. Proclus, p. 146 Kroll. Plato exaggerates to make his case. The locks were vowed to Spercheius on the condition of Achilles' return. In their context the words are innocent enough. who was a dead body, and that he did so we must believe. And again the trailings Iliad xxiv. 14 ff. of Hector's body round the grave of Patroclus and the slaughter Iliad xxiii. 175-176. of the livi
Plato, Republic, Book 4, section 434c (search)
cal “investigation,” which showed that when the question “which do you like best, apples, pears, or cherries?” was presented in the form “apples, pears, cherries, which do you like best?” the reaction time was appreciably shortened. let us put it in this way. The proper functioningOI)KEIOPRAGI/A: this coinage is explained by the genitive absolute. Proclus (Kroll i. p. 207) substitutes AU)TOPRAGI/A. So Def. Plat. 411 E. of the money-making class, the helpers and the guardians, each doing its own work in the state, being the reverse of thatE)KEI/NOU: cf.E)KEI/NOIS, 425 A. just described, would be justice and would render the city
Plato, Republic, Book 4, section 443d (search)
504. within himself,Cf. 621 C and on 352 A. and having harmonizedThe harmony of the three parts of the soul is compared to that of the three fundamental notes or strings in the octave, including any intervening tones, and so by implication any faculties of the soul overlooked in the preceding classification. Cf. Plutarch, Plat. Quest. 9. Proclus, p. 230 Kroll.W(/SPER introduces the images, the exact application of which is pointed by A)TEXNW=S. Cf. on 343 C. The scholiast tries to make two octaves (DI\S DIA\ PASW=N) of it. The technical musical details have at the most an antiquarian interest, and in no way affect the thought, which is that of Shakespeare's “For government, though high and low and