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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 4 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 2 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Olde Cambridge 2 0 Browse Search
Mary Thacher Higginson, Thomas Wentworth Higginson: the story of his life 2 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Atlantic Essays 2 0 Browse Search
Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, Louis Agassiz: his life and correspondence, third edition 2 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Observatory, (search)
Observatory, A building with apparatus for observing natural, especially astronomical, phenomena. The first is said to have been the top of the temple of Belus, at Babylon. On the tomb of Ozimandyas, in Egypt, was another, with a golden circle 200 feet in diameter; that at Benares was at least as ancient as these. The first in authentic history was at Alexandria, about 300 B. C., erected by Ptolemy Soter. The first observatory in Europe was erected at Nuremberg, 1472. by Walthers. The two most celebrated of the sixteenth century were the one erected by Landgrave William IV. at Cassel, 1561, and Tycho Brahe's at Uranienburg, 1567. The first attempt in the United States was at the University of North Carolina, 1824; and the first permanent one at Williams College, 1836.
um pulvere; which he wrote Lura nope cum ubre. This looks as though he considered it a secret; not necessarily his invention, but a dangerous compound not adapted for the use of the vulgar. Michael Schwartz, a Cordelier monk, of Goslar, in Germany, about A. D. 1320, seems to have combined the three ingredients, and has been credited with the discovery. A commemorative statue of Schwartz was erected in 1853, at Freiburg. Artillery was known in France in 1345. In 1356, the city of Nuremberg purchased gunpowder and cannon. The same year Louvain employed thirty cannon at the battle of Santfliet against the Flemings. In 1361, a fire broke out at Lubec from the careless use of gunpowder. In 1363, the Hanse towns used gunpowder in a conflict with the Danes. It is commonly stated that gunpowder was first made in England, at periods varying from 1411 to 1438; but recent research by Rev. Joseph Hunter has brought to light records of its manufacture for the uses of the Eng
ed to avoid jar. c has feathering paddles automatically operated by the pressure of water against them. f shows the paddle within the hull, adapted to canal-boat propulsion. The paddle-wheels of the Great Eastern are 56 feet diameter, 13 feet deep, 30 floats or paddles. Pad′e-soy. (Fabric.) See Paduasoy. Pad-hook. (Saddlery.) A hook on the backpad to hold up the bearingrein. Pad-hook. Pad′lock. A lock with a bow to hold on to a staple. Made by Bechar at Nuremberg, A. D. 1540. Dr. Abbott's collection of Egyptian antiquities in New York contains a padlock found in a tomb at Sakkarah. They were also used by the Romans. Fig. 3479 is an example of one in which the key, on being inserted, acts first on the tumblers, so as to free the cylinder and to allow a slide to be raised, and it then raises the slide so as to turn the cylinder. The slide-bolt is replaced in its original position by the turning back of the key after the lock has been opened.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Olde Cambridge, Chapter 4: Longfellow (search)
endered into Sanskrit, Chinese, and Marathi. Mere popularity is doubtless a very secondary test, but where it shows that the quality of poems has entered into the people's life, it is not an element to be ignored. It is also to be noticed that Longfellow was to all Americans, at that time, one of the two prime influences through which the treasures of German literature, and especially of German romance, were opened to English readers. To this day nine-tenths of the Americans who visit Nuremberg and Heidelberg do it under the associations they have gained from Longfellow's prose or verse, and such travellers find in the latter city a German edition of the English text of Hyperion which they are wont to purchase at once and take with them to the castle. They visit every spot which has associations there, and I remember how indignant I was on finding the great tree described as waving over the Gesprengte Thurm was no longer there, but had shared the fate of the Chestnut Tree in Th
322-27; enjoys London, 322, 323, 326, 327; meets eminent persons, 322-27; visits Oxford, 325, 326; second visit to Europe (1878), 327-46; meets eminent persons, 328-37, 340; at Besant trial, 329, 330; attends public meetings, 330, 331; visits Edwin Arnold, 331, 312; Gen. Higginson, 332-34; and Darwin, 334; English Liberal Thinkers, 336, 337; in Oxford, 337, 338; in Scotland, 338-40; returns to London, 340; at Paris, 340-43; in Normandy, 343; on the Rhine, 343-45; at Frankfort, 345, 346; at Nuremberg and Dresden, 346; on foreign travel, 346; journey to Europe (1897), 347-53; in London, 347-51; Horder's description of, 348, 349; visits at country houses, 350, 351; at Oxford, 351; at Stratford, 351, 352; at Salisbury, 352, 353; at Paris, 353; in Switzerland, 353; journey to Europe (1901), 353-62; impressions of Granada, 353; at Castellamare, 353, 354; illness of his daughter, 354; at Capri, 355; at Florence, 355-57; in England, 357-59; in London, 359, 360; at the Winchester celebration,
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Atlantic Essays, The Puritan minister. (search)
ediaeval laws, had all made it a capital crime. There had been laws against it in England for a hundred years. Bishop Jewell had complained to Queen Elizabeth of the alarming increase of witches and sorcerers. Sir Thomas Browne had pronounced it flat atheism to doubt them. High legal and judicial authorities, as Dalton, Keeble, Sir Matthevw Hale, had described this crime as definitely and seriously as any other. In Scotland four thousand had suffered death for it in ten years; Cologne, Nuremberg, Geneva, Paris, were executing hundreds every year; even in 1749 a girl was burnt alive in Wurtzburg; and is it strange, if, during all that wild excitement, Massachusetts put to death twenty? The only wonder is in the independence of the Rhode Island people, who declared that there were no witches on the earth, nor devils,--except (as they profanely added) the New England ministers, and such as they. John Higginson sums it up best: They proceeded in their integrity with a zeal of God
ectures by Agassiz, 776. Nageli, 30. Nahant, laboratory at, 548, 678, 581, 647, 674. National Academy of Sciences founded, 569. Negroes, 500, 504, 591, 594, 600, 605, 612. Neuchatel, plans for, 190, 193, 199; accepts profesorship there, 202; first lecture, 206; founding of Natural History Society, 208, 215; museum, 208. New Haven, 408, 409, 413. New York, city of, 415, 425. New York, Natural History of, 427. Nicolet, C., 300. Nomenclator Zoologicus, 334, 356. Nuremberg, 73; the Durer festival, 73. Oesars, 448. Oesterreicher, 91. Oken, 44, 53, 54, 91, 102, 151, 643. Orbe, 118, 666. Ord, collection, 419. Osono, 748. Otway Bay, 741. Owen's Island, 742. P. Packard, A. S., 773. Panama, 764. Paris, Agassiz in, 162, 163, 165, 170, 175, 195. Peale, R., Museum, 419. Peirce, B., 438, 458. Penikese Island, 767; glacial marks, 774. Perty, 90. Philadelphia, 416, 423; Academy of Science, 416; American Philosophical Society,
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Chapter 16: literary life in Cambridge (search)
library, in apparent search for the origin of the phrase. His next volume of original poems, however, was The Belfry of Bruges and Other Poems, published December 23, 1845, the contents having already been partly printed in Graham's Magazine, and most of them in the illustrated edition of his poems published in Philadelphia. The theme of the volume appears to have been partly suggested by some words in a letter to Freiligrath which seem to make the leading poem, together with that called Nuremberg, a portion of that projected series of travel-sketches which had haunted Longfellow ever since Outre-Mer. The Norman Baron was the result of a passage from Thierry, sent him by an unknown correspondent. One poem was suggested by a passage in Andersen's Story of my Life, and one was written at Boppard on the Rhine. All the rest were distinctly American in character or origin. Another poem, To the Driving Cloud, the chief of the Omaha Indians, was his first effort at hexameters and prepa