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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 11: operations in Southern Tennessee and Northern Mississippi and Alabama. (search)
nt, even when the thunder of Negley's cannon at Chattanooga made the Confederates in all that region so fearful, that they were ready to abandon every thing at the first intimation of an advance of their adversary. See how precipitately they fled from Cumberland Gap, their Gibraltar of the mountains, and the fortified heights around it, when, ten days after the assault on Chattanooga, General George W. Morgan, with a few Ohio and Kentucky troops, marched against it Jan. 18, 1862. from Powell's Valley. Twenty miles his soldiers traveled that day, climbing the Cumberland Mountains, dragging their cannon up the precipices by block and tackle, and skirmishing all the way without losing a man. They were cheered by rumors that the foe had fled. At sunset they were at the main works, and the flags of the Sixteenth Ohio and Twenty-second Kentucky were floating over those fortifications in the twilight. The Confederate rear-guard had departed four hours before; and the whole force had fled
ain at Rogers' Gap (which is 20 miles west of Cumberland Gap, 15 miles east of Big Creek Gap, and 39 miles southwest of Cumberland Ford, and debouches into Powell's Valley, immediately opposite to the mouth of the road leading to Knoxville. This position once occupied would threaten Knoxville, Cumberland Gap, and Clinton, or thdes of De Courcy and Baird encamped on the north side of the Cumberland Mountains, and on the following day, after well-conducted marches, they descended into Powell's Valley, and bivouacked in a dense forest, which entirely masked their position. Colonel De Courcy, whose brigade led the advance, displayed through-)ut the entire mle of their commander, and roused at the prospect of going to the front, they cheerfully obeyed the order. Early on the morning of the 14th I was again in Powells Valley, and Baird's brigade arrived there on the 15th and marched down the mountain to the air of Dixie, played by the band of Coburn's Thirtythird Indiana. I here
r the purpose of repelling an invasion of Powell's Valley. A regiment of infantry and some cavalryyou; they have heard of the movement down Powell's Valley, and expected to have found you weak. Whs Blair and Lyon), directed to be sent to Powell's Valley, will be detained subject to further ordel Reynolds' brigade has been ordered from Powell's Valley to Chattanooga, and Brigadier-General Bar time he will leave a sufficient force in Powell's Valley to watch and give information of the apprble force as he may be able to spare from Powell's Valley to Kingston. You will take every precautle force as you may be able to spare from Powell's Valley, after making proper provision for watchifear that before the brigade ordered from Powell's Valley reaches Chattanooga that place will fall.rtified position. The force operating in Powell's Valley, under General Barton and Colonel Reynoldon has been ordered with his brigade from Powell's Valley to the terminus of the Kentucky Railroad,[2 more...]
ng neither carnage, bloodshed, nor loss of life. On the evening of the seventeenth notice was given to have tents struck and two days rations in haversacks, and be prepared to march promptly at one o'clock on the morning of the eighteenth. At the appointed hour we were under way, and by sunrise had made, with all our train, a distance of six miles. Two miles further on we expected to meet the rebel infantry and cavalry, at a point where they had established a camp on our advent into Powell's Valley, and here, for the first time, we learned the probable abandonment of the Gap. As we progressed in our march, the rumors became more thick and fast of a hasty leave-taking, and the brigades were quickened into increased speed, with the hope of at least arresting the rear-guard, but without results. The entire division, with the ammunition train, made the distance--twenty miles--before sunset, and formally, amid the cheering of assembled hosts, and to the roar of artillery, raised the
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Campaign of General E. Kirby Smith in Kentucky, in 1862. (search)
d a few ears of corn for our horses, and a cup of milk and crust of corn-bread for ourselves. Spreading our blankets in the piazza of the rickety old house we were soon asleep. At 3 A. M. Brig.-General Davis aroused us with the information that General Heth, a few miles ahead, expected an attack at daylight. We mounted and pushed forward, and a little after sunrise reached Heth's Headquarters beyond Pine Mountain. General Smith, with six thousand men, had followed the road leading up Powells' Valley, some thirty miles to the right, while General Heth, with three thousand men, pursued the more direct route, which leads by Boston to Barboursville, at which point the columns were to unite. Informing General Heth of our anxiety to reach General Smith, especially as Colonel Brent bore dispatches from General Bragg, he advised us to remain with him. He expected to join General Smith in a short time, and being now in the enemy's country, and a very ferocious enemy too, it was imprudent f