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escaped pursuit and preserved his freedom of action. Fanning's Narrative, 11 and 12. A third and larger party under Cornwallis moved across the Santee towards Camden. The rear of the old Virginia line, commanded by Colonel Buford, arriving too late to re-enforce the garrison of Charleston, had retreated towards the north-east None was granted. A hundred and thirteen were killed on the spot; a hundred and fifty were too badly hacked to be moved; fifty-three only could be brought into Camden as prisoners. The tidings of this massacre carried through the southern forests mingled horror and anger; but Tarleton received from Cornwallis the highest encomiums. The universal panic consequent on the capture of Charleston had suspended all resistance to the British army. The men of Beaufort, of Ninety-Six, and of Camden, had capitulated under the promise of security. They believed that they were to be treated as neutrals, or as prisoners on parole. There remained to them no pos
Savannah on the sea; Augusta, Ninety-Six, and Camden in the interior. Of these Camden was the mosCamden was the most im- Chap. XV.} 1780. July. portant, for it was the key between the north and south; by a smaller Kalb, that the enemy would not make a stand at Camden. Kalb's letters, captured by the British. Hand army on its march by the shortest route to Camden through a barren country which could offer no he Cheraw hill, and repaired to Lord Rawdon at Camden. An escort of Carolinians who had been forcedd Rawdon's flank, and made an easy conquest of Camden. Missing his only opportunity, on the eleventops from Clermont, and to throw up redoubts at Camden. On the evening of the tenth, Cornwallis left 10. Charleston and arrived at Camden before the dawn of the fourteenth. At ten o'clock on the nith its stores on the road from Charleston to Camden. Gates, who be- Chap. XV.} 1780. Aug. lievedg of the sixteenth, 16. about nine miles from Camden, the advance guard of Cornwallis fell in with [2 more...]
West. 1780. from the moment of his victory near Camden, Chap. XVI.} 1780. Cornwallis became the principalld be hanged immediately. He set up the gallows at Camden for the indiscriminate execution of those among his they were joined by several hundred prisoners from Camden. In thirteen months one-third of the whole number armed friends of the union. From the region above Camden, Sumpter and his band hovered over all British moveear Nelson's ferry on the Santee, on the route from Camden to Charleston, when Marion and his men sprang upon arous use Chap. XVI.} 1780. Oct. of the gallows at Camden, Ninety-Six, and Augusta. At once Campbell interveed at Winnsborough, an intermediate station between Camden and Ninety-Six. All the while Marion had been on to all the houses, and destroyed all the corn from Camden down to Nelson's ferry; beat the widow of a generalmpter had rallied the patriots in the country above Camden, and in frequent skirmishes kept the field. Mounti
of twenty miles. Of the Americans only twelve were killed and sixty wounded. Of the enemy ten commissioned officers were killed, beside more than a hundred rank and file; two hundred were wounded; twenty-nine commissioned officers and more than five hundred privates were taken prisoners, beside seventy negroes. Two standards, upwards of a hundred dragoon horses, thirty-five wagons, eight hundred muskets, and two field-pieces that had been taken from the British at Saratoga and retaken at Camden, fell into the hands of the victors. The immense baggage of Tarleton's party, which had been left in the rear, was destroyed by the British themselves. Our success, wrote the victor in his modest report, must be attributed to the justice of our cause and the gallantry of our troops. My wishes would induce me to name every sentinel in the corps. Aware that the camp of Cornwallis at Turkey creek was within twenty-five miles, and as near as the battle-ground to the ford on the Catawba, Mo
awaited him. He could not move by land towards Camden without exposing his troops to the greatest chMarion, and threatened the connections between Camden and Charleston; Sumpter, with three small regiate, had in charge to hold the country between Camden and Ninety-Six, and Pickens with the western me from the strong and well-garrisoned works of Camden. In the hope of intercepting a party whom Raft by an impassable swamp. The ground towards Camden, which was a mile and a half distant, was protrprise, After viewing the British works about Camden, I set out for Charlotte. On my way, two milewas compelled to leave the field and return to Camden; Greene saved his artillery and collected all rched against the fort on Wright's bluff below Camden, the principal post of the British on the Santhill, it capitulated. 26. The connection of Camden with Charleston being thus broken, the post be neither given him victory at Guilford, nor at Camden, nor now at Ninety-Six. But his fortitude alw[1 more...]
rsuaded Adams and Jay to join with him in letters to Oswald and to Strachey, expressing in conciliatory language their unanimous sentiments that an amnesty more extensive than what had already been agreed to could not be granted to the refugees. Before Strachey reached London with the second set of articles for peace, the friends of Fox had forgotten their zeal for American independence. All parties unanimously demanded amnesty and indemnity for the loyalists. Within the cabinet itself, Camden and Grafton were ill at ease; Keppell and Richmond inclining to cut loose. The king could not avoid mentioning how sensibly he felt the dismemberment of America from the empire: I should be miserable indeed, said he, if I did not feel that no blame on that account can be laid at my Chap. XXIX.} 1782. Nov. door. Moreover, he thought so ill of its inhabitants, that it may not, he said, in the end be an evil that they will become aliens to this kingdom. In the general tremulousness among