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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sanders's Creek, battle of. (search)
who had been appointed to the command of the Southern Department. Gates pressed forward towards Camden, through a barren and generally disaffected country. The approach of the conqueror of Burgoyn troops on the Santee and its upper waters to Lord Rawdon, an active officer. The latter was at Camden when Gates approached. Cornwallis, seeing the peril of the troops under him, because of the uprdon, and reached that village on the same day (Aug. 14) that Gates arrived at Clermont, north of Camden, and was joined by 700 more Virginia militia, under General Stevens. Then, in his pride, Gates , he marched before he had made any disposition of his baggage in the rear. Cornwallis had left Camden to meet Gates at about the same time. Foot-falls could not be heard in the sandy road. As the nding a gentle slope after crossing Sanders's Creek, that traversed a swamp, nearly 8 miles from Camden, they met the vanguard of the Americans, at a little after 2 A. M., on Aug. 16. It was a mutual
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Southern army, the Continental (search)
r and a healthy, sound negro or $200 in specie. Virginia also issued $850,000 in bills of credit to supply the treasury. North Carolina used its feeble resources to the same end. Drafts and recruits, and one whole battalion, came forward; and as Cornwallis retired General Gates advanced, first to Salisbury, and then to Charlotte, where General Greene took the command (Dec. 2). On the following day Gates departed for the headquarters of Washington to submit to an inquiry into his conduct at Camden. Greene found the troops in a wretched condition —clothes in tatters, insufficient food, pay in arrears producing discontent, and not a dollar in the military chest. Subsistence was obtained only by impressment. But he showed his usual energy and prepared for active operations even with such unpromising materials, arranging the army in two divisions, and posting the main body at Cheraw, east of the Pedee; while Morgan and others were sent to take possession of the country near the junctio
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sumner, Jethro 1730-1790 (search)
Sumner, Jethro 1730-1790 Military officer; born in Virginia about 1730, was paymaster of the provincial troops in North Carolina in 1760, and commander of Fort Cumberland. In the spring of 1776 he was appointed colonel by the Provincial Congress, and with his regiment joined Washington's army. He was made brigadiergeneral in the Continental service in 1779, and in 1780 was engaged in the battle near Camden. In 1781, after active service in North Carolina, he joined Greene in the High Hills of Santee; was in the battle of Eutaw Springs, and was active in overawing the Tories in North Carolina until the close of the war. He died in Warren county, N. C., about 1790.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sumter, Thomas 1734-1832 (search)
rprised and defeated at Fishing Creek by Tarleton. He soon raised another corps and repulsed Colonel Wemyss near the Broad River (Nov. 12), and at Blackstocks defeated Tarleton, who attempted to surprise him. So vigilant and brave was Sumter that the British called him the South Carolina Gamecock. Raising three regiments, with Marion and Perkins he dreadfully harassed the British and Tories in South Carolina. He received the thanks of Congress, Jan. 13, 1781. Cornwallis, writing to Tarleton, said of him, He certainly has been our greatest plague in this country. He captured the British post at Orangeburg (May, 1781), and soon afterwards those Thomas Sumter. at Dorchester and Monk's Corner. General Sumter was a warm friend of the national Constitution, and was member of Congress under it in 1789-93, and again in 1797-1801. He was United States Senator in 1801-10, when he was appointed United States minister to Brazil. He died at South Mount, near Camden, S. C., June 1, 1832.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
Nominated Jackson for President, and Martin Van Buren, of New York, for Vice-President, he having been rejected as minister to England in the Senate by the vote of Vice-President Calhoun. In this convention it was resolved that twothirds of the whole number of votes in the convention shall be necessary to constitute a choice. This was the origin of the famous two-thirds rule.] Black Hawk War......May–August, 1832 Gen. Thomas Sumter, distinguished Revolutionary soldier, dies near Camden, S. C., aged ninety-eight......June 1, 1832 Bill rechartering the National Bank passes the Senate, 28 to 20......June 11, 1832 And the House, 107 to 85......July 3, 1832 Commissioner of Indian affairs first appointed......July 9, 1832 President vetoes the bank bill......July 10, 1832 Senate fails to pass the bank charter over the President's veto......July 13, 1832 Source of the Mississippi discovered by an exploring party under Henry R. Schoolcraft......July 13, 1832 Parti
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), South Carolina, (search)
overnor Bull. One hundred and fifty volunteers compel the captain of the ship which brought the paper to reload it and sail immediately for Europe......October, 1765 Christopher Gadsden, Thomas Lynch, and John Rutledge appointed delegates to the second Colonial Congress......Oct. 7, 1765 An association of regulators formed in the inland settlements to suppress horsestealing, etc., leads to a circuit court law establishing courts of justice at Ninety-Six (now Cambridge), Orangeburg, and Camden......1769 Cargoes of tea sent to South Carolina are stored, and consignees constrained from exposing it for sale......1773 Christopher Gadsden, Thomas Lynch, Henry Middleton, Edward Rutledge, and John Rutledge appointed deputies to the first Continental Congress at Philadelphia......July 6, 1774 Henry Middleton chosen president of the Continental Congress......October, 22, 1774 First Provincial Congress of 184 members, including the forty-nine members of the constitutional Assem
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Volunteer refreshment saloons. (search)
Volunteer refreshment saloons. Working in harmony with the organizations of the United States Sanitary commission and Christian commission (qq. v.), were houses of refreshment and temporary hospital accommodations furnished by the citizens of Philadelphia. That city lay in the channel of the great stream of volunteers from New England after the call of the President (April 15, 1861) for 75,000 men. The soldiers, crossing New Jersey, and the Delaware River at Camden, were landed at the foot of Washington Avenue, Philadelphia, where, wearied and hungry, they often vainly sought for sufficient refreshments in the bakeries and groceries in the neighborhood before entering the cars for Washington. One morning the wife of a mechanic living near, commiserating the situation of some of the soldiers who had just arrived, went with her coffee-pot and a cup and distributed its contents among them. That generous hint was the germ of a wonderful system of beneficent relief to the passing
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Williams, Otho Holland 1749- (search)
nd Williams. tal camp at Cambridge; and in 1776 was appointed major of a new rifle regiment, which formed part of the garrison of Fort Washington, New York, when it was captured. He gallantly opposed the Hessian column, but was wounded and made prisoner. Being soon exchanged, he was made colonel of the 6th Maryland Regiment, with which he accompanied De Kalb to South Carolina; and when Gates took command of the Southern Army Colonel Williams was made adjutant-general. In the battle near Camden he gained great distinction for coolness and bravery, and performed efficient service during Greene's famous retreat, as commander of a light corps that formed the rear-guard. At the battle at Guilford Court-house he was Greene's second in command; and by a brilliant charge which Williams made at Eutaw Springs he decided the victory for the Americans. In May, 1782, he was made a brigadier-general, and was appointed collector of customs for Maryland, which office he held until his death, Ju
endeavor to be more punctual in his departure from New York. Such prompt action will astonish the laggards in New York, who are usually three or four hours behind. Major Sewell of Portland accompanies the regiment, by the instructions of the Governor of the State of Maine. The regiment is fully armed and equipped, and have tents and camp equipage. The uniform is Canada gray throughout. The march through Broadway was enthusiastically cheered by those who had courage enough to brave the storm. At 5 o'clock the regiment left for Philadelphia via Camden and Amboy. For the purpose of going through Baltimore respectably, the Colonel ordered the men to be supplied with ten rounds each of ball cartridge, which was done on board the Bay State. The Rev. L. C. Lockwood, on behalf of the Y. M. C. A. of New York, presented to the regiment, before their departure, 250 Soldiers' Text Books, donated by a lady of the city, and 200 of Horace Waters' Patriotic Song Books.--N. Y. Tribune, June 7.
es of civil liberty in behalf of the entire South. You are on a high mission. You are not the first Marylanders who have crossed the border. We had, in the days of the first Revolution, a Maryland line, whose name has passed into history without one blot upon its fair escutcheon — a Maryland line who illustrated upon every field in the South their devotion to the civil liberty of that day — a Maryland line, who, in the remote savannahs of the Carolinas, spilled their blood like water at Camden, at Guilford Court-House, at the Cowpens, and at Eutaw, where the last battle was fought, and the enemy finally surrendered. They were your ancestry. They travelled barefooted, unclothed, without blankets or tents, and but few muskets, and you came after them. But you have this peculiar distinction: You are volunteers in a double sense — you are volunteers for the war, and you are volunteers for the great cause of the South against the aggressions of the North. You are no strangers; you <
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