Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Port Royal (South Carolina, United States) or search for Port Royal (South Carolina, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Acadia, or Acadie, (search)
Acadia, or Acadie, The ancient name of Nova Scotia (q. v.) and adjacent regions. It is supposed to have been visited by Sebastian Cabot in 1498, but the first attempt to plant a settlement there was by De Monts, in 1604, who obtained a charter from the King of France for making settlements and carrying on trade. In that charter it is called Cadie, and by the early settlers it was known as L'Acadie. A settlement was made at a place named Port Royal (now Annapolis), by Poutrincourt, a bosom friend of De Monts, but it was broken up in 1613, by Argall, from Virginia. These French emigrants built cottages sixteen years before the Pilgrims landed on the shores of New England. When English people came, antagonisms arising from difference of religion and nationality appeared, and, after repeated struggles between the English and French for the possession of Acadia, it was ceded to Great Britain by the treaty of Utrecht in 1713. But for many years not a dozen English families were se
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Anne, Queen, (search)
Connecticut, though threatened from the north, refused to join in the enterprise. Early in June (1707), 1,000 men under Colonel Marsh sailed from Nantucket for Port Royal, Acadia, convoyed by an English man-of-war. The French were prepared for them, and only the destruction of property outside the fort there was accomplished. The war continued, with occasional distressing episodes. In September. 1710, an armament of ships and troops left Boston and sailed for Port Royal, in connection with a fleet from England with troops under Colonel Nicholson. They captured Port Royal and altered the name to Annapolis, in compliment to the Queen. Acadia (q. v.) wPort Royal and altered the name to Annapolis, in compliment to the Queen. Acadia (q. v.) was annexed to England. under the old title of Nova Scotia, or New Scotland. The following year an expedition moved against Quebec. Sir Hovenden Walker arrived at Boston (June 25, 1711) with an English fleet and army, which were joined by New England forces; and on Aug. 15 fifteen men-of-war and forty transports, bearing about
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Argall, Sir Samuel, 1572-1626 (search)
with great respect as a princess. There she became the object of a young Englishman's affections; and the crime of Argall led to peace and happiness. The next year (1613) Argall went, with the sanction of the governor of Virginia, to expel the French from Acadia as intruders upon the domain of the North and South Virginia Company. He stopped on his way at Mount Desert Island, and broke up the Jesuit settlement there. The priests, it is said, feeling an enmity towards the authorities at Port Royal, in Acadia, willingly accompanied Argall as pilots thither in order to be revenged. Argall plundered the settlement, and laid the village in ashes, driving the people to the woods, and breaking up the colony. In 1617 Argall became deputy governor of Virginia. On going to Jamestown he found it fallen into decay, the storehouse used as a church; the market-place, streets, and other spots in the town planted with tobacco; the people dispersed according to every man's convenience for planti
ng called Seigneurs, who were compelled to cede the lands granted to them, when demanded by settlers, on fixed conditions. They were not absolute proprietors of the soil, but had certain valuable privileges, coupled with prescribed duties, such as building mills, etc. David Kertk, or Kirk, a Huguenot refugee, received a royal commission from King Charles I. to seize the French forts in Acadia (q. v.), and on the river St. Lawrence. With a dozen ships he overcame the small French force at Port Royal, and took possession of Acadia in 1629. Later in the summer he entered the St. Lawrence, burned the hamlet of Tadousac, at the mouth of the Saguenay, and sent a summons for the surrender of Quebec. It was refused, and Kirk resolved to starve out the garrison. He cruised in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and captured the transports conveying winter provisions for Quebec. The sufferings there were intense, but they endured them until August the next year, when, English ships-of-war, under a b
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Castine, Vincent, Baron De 1665- (search)
By him Christianity was first introduced among the natives of that region. He gained great influence over them. During his absence in 1688, his establishment was pillaged by the English, and he became their bitter foe. He taught the Indians around him the use of fire-arms, and he frequently co-operated with them in their attacks on the northeastern frontier. In 1696, with 200 Indians, he assisted Iberville in the capture of the fort at Pemaquid. In 1706-7 he assisted in the defence of Port Royal, and was wounded. He lived in America thirty years, when he returned to France, leaving Fort Castine and the domain around it to his half-breed son and successor in title. The young baron was really a friend to the English, but, being at the head of the Penobscot Indians, and suspected of being an enemy, he was surprised and captured in 1721,. taken to Boston, and imprisoned several months. His name is perpetuated in the town of Castine, at which place slight traces of his fort are yet
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
rd and public buildings, excepting the custom-house, had been burned by the Confederates.—12. President Lincoln proclaimed that the ports of Beaufort, N. C., Port Royal, S. C., and New Orleans should be open to commerce after June 1.—13. Natchez, Miss., surrendered to Union gunboats.—17. Naval expedition up the Pamunkey River, andservice.—24. General Burnside, at his own request, relieved from the command of the Army of the Potomac.—25. First regiment of negro Union soldiers organized at Port Royal, S. C.—26. Peace resolutions offered in the Confederate Congress by Mr. Foote. Engagement at Woodbury, Tenn.—27. Fort McAllister, on the Ogeechee River, Ga., m to obtain the $2,000 reward offered for him.—26. Booth, the murderer of President Lincoln, found in a barn belonging to one Garnett, in Virgina, 3 miles from Port Royal, with Harrold, an accomplice, and refused to surrender. The barn was set on fire, and Booth, while trying to shoot one of his pursuers, was mortally w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Codman, John 1814- (search)
Codman, John 1814- Author; born in Dorchester, Mass., Oct. 16, 1814; educated at Amherst College; followed the sea in 1834-64, and in the Civil War was captain of the Quaker City, which carried provisions to Port Royal. His publications relating to the United States include Restoration of the American carrying trade; and the Mormon country. He died in Boston, Mass., April 6, 1900.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colonial settlements. (search)
a charter for all the lands of New France. She sent out missionaries in 1613. They sailed from Honfleur March 12, and arrived in Acadia (q. v.), where the arms of Madame Guercheville were set up in token of possession. Her agent proceeded to Port Royal (now Annapolis), where he found only five persons, two of whom were Jesuit missionaries previously sent over. The Jesuits went with other persons to Mount Desert Island. Just as they had begun to provide themselves with comforts, they were atval he broke in pieces, at St. Saviour, a cross which the Jesuits had set up, and raised another, on which he inscribed the name of King James. He sailed to St. Croix and destroyed the remains of De Mont's settlement there; and then he went to Port Royal and laid that deserted town in ashes. The English government did not approve the act, nor did the French government resent it. Though the revolution in England (1688) found its warmest friends among the Low Churchmen and Non-conformists the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Davis, Charles Henry, 1807-1877 (search)
Davis, Charles Henry, 1807-1877 Naval officer; born in Boston, Jan. 16, 1807; entered the naval service as midshipman in 1823; was one of the chief organizers of the expedition against Port Royal, S. C., in 1861, in which he bore a conspicuous part. For his services during the Civil War he received the thanks of Congress and promotion to the rank of rear-admiral. In 1865 he became superintendent of the Naval Observatory at Washington, and in 1867 he was made commander-in-chief of the American squadron on the coast of Brazil. In 1870 he was appointed to the command of the Norfolk navy-yard, but afterwards returned to the observatory. He was a recognized authority on tidal actions and published several works on that subject. He died in Washington, D. C., Feb. 18, 1877.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De Monts, Sieur (Pierre De Gast) (search)
evere winter, that killed half of them. In the spring they returned to Poutrincourt's settlement, which he had named Port Royal—now Annapolis, N. S. Early the next autumn De Monts and Poutrincourt returned to France, leaving Champlain and Pont-Greve to make further explorations. There was a struggle for rule and existence at Port Royal for a few years. Poutrincourt returned to France for recruits for his colony. Jesuit priests who accompanied him on his return to Acadia (Nova Scotia) claclaim stoutly, saying, It is my part to rule you on earth; it is your part to guide me to heaven. When he finally left Port Royal (1612) in charge of his son, the Jesuit priests made the same claim on the fiery young Poutrincourt, who threatened theoil of a powerful English company. The Jesuits at Mount Desert, it is said, thirsting for vengeance, piloted Argall to Port Royal. He plundered and burned the town, drove the inhabitants to the woods, and broke up the settlement. Unable to contend
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